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Lectures in Microeconomics-Charles W. Upton Properties of Cost Functions C = C(q,r,w)

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Presentation on theme: "Lectures in Microeconomics-Charles W. Upton Properties of Cost Functions C = C(q,r,w)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Lectures in Microeconomics-Charles W. Upton Properties of Cost Functions C = C(q,r,w)

2 Properties of Cost Functions General Cost Function C = C(q,r,w)

3 Properties of Cost Functions General Cost Function C = C( q,r,w) The higher the value of q, the greater the total cost of production

4 Properties of Cost Functions General Cost Function C = C(q, r, w ) The higher the value of q, the greater the total cost of production Ditto for r and w

5 Properties of Cost Functions General Cost Function C = C(q,r,w) I illustrate the problems with seven trick questions

6 Properties of Cost Functions First Trick Question Acme Widgets’ costs are now $100. It doubles output.

7 Properties of Cost Functions First Trick Question Acme Widgets’ costs are now $100. It doubles output. Will costs double?

8 Properties of Cost Functions First Trick Question Acme Widgets’ costs are now $100. It doubles output. Will costs double? They will surely go up but may or may not double.

9 Properties of Cost Functions First Trick Question Acme Widgets’ costs are now $100. It doubles output. Will costs double? They will surely go up but may or may not double. Constant returns to scale ( C= $200) Increasing returns to scale ($100$200)

10 Properties of Cost Functions Second Trick Question Acme Widgets’ costs are now $100; $50 of (factor) payments to workers and $50 of payments to capital.

11 Properties of Cost Functions Second Trick Question Acme Widgets’ costs are now $100; $50 of (factor) payments to workers and $50 of payments to capital. If wage rates increase by 100%, will total costs go from $100 to $150?

12 Properties of Cost Functions Second Trick Question Acme Widgets’ costs are now $100; $50 of (factor) payments to workers and $50 of payments to capital. $100 K L

13 Properties of Cost Functions Second Trick Question Acme Widgets’ costs are now $100; $50 of (factor) payments to workers and $50 of payments to capital. $100 K L $150

14 Properties of Cost Functions Second Trick Question Acme Widgets’ costs are now $100; $50 of (factor) payments to workers and $50 of payments to capital. $100 K L $150 Substitute!

15 Properties of Cost Functions Second Trick Question Acme Widgets’ costs are now $100; $50 of (factor) payments to workers and $50 of payments to capital. $100 K L $150 Substitute! If wage rates increase by 100%, will total costs go from $100 to $150? No!

16 Properties of Cost Functions Third Trick Question Is it possible that higher wage rates will to enough substitution to lower total costs for the given level of output?

17 Properties of Cost Functions Third Trick Question Is it possible that higher wage rates will to enough substitution to lower total costs for the given level of output? Assume a new solution of –$60 of capital payments and $30 of labor costs

18 Properties of Cost Functions Third Trick Question Is it possible that higher wage rates will to enough substitution to lower total costs for the given level of output? Assume a new solution of –$60 of capital payments and $30 of labor costs At the old wage rate –$60 of capital payments and $15 of labor costs

19 Properties of Cost Functions Third Trick Question Is it possible that higher wage rates will to enough substitution to lower total costs for the given level of output? Assume a new solution of –$60 of capital payments and $30 of labor costs At the old wage rate –$60 of capital payments and $15 of labor costs No! This could happen only if Acme were overpaying in the first place.

20 Properties of Cost Functions End ©2004 Charles W. Upton


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