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Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance YEU is a member of the HUMANITARIAN FORUM INDONESIA TRAINING HUMANITARIAN LEADERSHIP FOR CHANGES Yogyakarta, 10-12 Mei.

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Presentation on theme: "Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance YEU is a member of the HUMANITARIAN FORUM INDONESIA TRAINING HUMANITARIAN LEADERSHIP FOR CHANGES Yogyakarta, 10-12 Mei."— Presentation transcript:

1 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance YEU is a member of the HUMANITARIAN FORUM INDONESIA TRAINING HUMANITARIAN LEADERSHIP FOR CHANGES Yogyakarta, Mei 2010 Arshinta, YAKKUM Emergency Unit

2 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance YEU is a member of the SCOPE OF PRESENTATION YAKKUM/ACT Accountability interpreted in DRR Programs, Its Impact Constraints and Challenges Faced Ways Forward

3 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance YEU is a member of the Holistic Healing approach through 12 hospitals, 14 maternal clinics, 2 (nursing, midwives) academies and university, 1 rehabilitation center for difables, 1 disaster management unit (YEU), 8 community development units Member of ACT Alliance (165 faith based humanitarian ad development organizations members worldwide with total annual income around US$1.5bn), HFI and HAP Extend relief response, early recovery and rehabilitation program mainstreamed by DRR perspectives for more than 120,000 disaster affected people in more than 100 villages across Indonesia, Myanmar and Gaza city (under interfaith humanitarian cooperation with HFI) YEU is the national coordinating organization in 2009 for Indonesia in the initiative of Global Review of Hyogo Framework for Action which participated by 7000 people from 48 countries and 400 organizations across the world YAKKUM/YEU

4 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance YEU is a member of the ……..Some references in our organizational process 1. The aim of accountability for ACT CO is to “ensure that all assistance provided by ACT members is a priority for the affected community, and that it in some way improves their quality of life and make their livelihoods more secure”. (SCHR Peer Review on Accountability to Disaster-Affected Populations, 2009)...\ACT International\ASID 82\PRAAP 2009\SCHR Peer Review-ACT Indonesia.doc More at International\ASID 82\PRAAP 2009\SCHR Peer Review-ACT Indonesia.doc 2. Accountability is defined as ‘the responsible use of power’. (Guide to HAP Standard 2007)...\ASRE 51\Christian Aid\Discussion about HAP\The Guide to the HAP Standard.pdf. More at 51\Christian Aid\Discussion about HAP\The Guide to the HAP Standard.pdf 3. “‘By involving government, organisations and communities at the local level, Views from the Frontline has served to deepen the communication and coordination between different stakeholders on disaster risk reduction.’ (VFL, Global Network 2009). J:\Global Network on DRR\VFLsummaryreport0609.pdf. More at Network on DRR\VFLsummaryreport0609.pdfwww.globalnetwork-dr.org Accountability interpreted in DRR Programs

5 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance YEU is a member of the ……..Some references in our organizational process 4. More reading on..\ASRE 51\Christian Aid\Discussion about HAP\Quality Accountability References.pdf..\ASRE 51\Christian Aid\Discussion about HAP\Quality Accountability References.pdf Accountability interpreted in DRR Programs

6 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance YEU is a member of the ……..Some practices according to Accountability Principle and Its impact on our DRR programs 1) Commitment to humanitarian standards and rights : YEU states her commitment to respect and foster humanitarian standards and the rights of beneficiaries in staffs’ ID card 2) Setting standards and building capacity : The performances of staffs in all level are reviewed by relevant stakeholders periodically; building relevant capacities of staffs to fill required capacity in facilitating/implementing community based DRR programs 3) Communication : YEU informs, and consults with, stakeholders, particularly beneficiaries and staff, about the need foreseen, funding opportunities and plans of activities taken in DRR programs 4) Participation in programmes ; YEU involves beneficiaries in the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of programmes and reports to them on progress. 5) Monitoring and reporting on compliance : YEU involves beneficiaries and staff when they monitor program implemented. YEU monitor and evaluate compliance with standards, using robust processes. 6) Addressing complaints : Some communities groups access our website, dial our direct phone number, send letter, attend meeting to report complaints and seek redress safely. Accountability interpreted in DRR Programs

7 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance YEU is a member of the Those Impact on DRR Programs

8 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance Increase in knowledge about disaster risk mitigation This is evident in all villages, schools, and primary health centres where YEU works. Knowledge of first aid, earthquake preparedness, and the arrangement of furniture in buildings was perceived as new capacities. This knowledge is evident from the way in which they describe the disaster potentials in their villages, what can be done to mitigate this risk, and what to do when a disaster occurs.

9 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance Positive Changes Perceived by the community The school building being constructed by YEU in Onoliburaya is seen as a very significant contribution to this village. According to Ama Jefri [1], "This building marks a new chapter in our history, and will be used by our grandchildren even after we have gone..." For YEU, it is not just about the physical construction of the building, but the lessons that YEU passed on to local builders from Onolimburaya about building earthquake resistant buildings. [1] [1] Focus group discussion in Onolimbu Raya, 30 November More access to transport - bridge Access to Clean water Increasing access to Education – school building Sanitation facilities in school YEU is a member of the

10 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance Changes in Attitude and Behavior Ama Yefri, Nias: "Actually, it wasn't the disaster that was bad, it was the village planning“ (changes attitude towards disaster) Senses of solidarity among the community member More cohesive among NGO and GO… …Living healthier lives, for example by taking preventive measures such as regular hand washing YEU is a member of the

11 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance Extended village access to other resources “YEU have shown us the way in accessing other resources preparing a proposal to PNPM Mandiri” Lobby of the local water supply utility, obtaining 1,200 water pipes, 4. Collaboration with Stakeholders in grassroot level with JARI (CBOs network in disaster management concerns), regional level with Forum PRB in district level, national and international level with different players in various network YEU is a member of the

12 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance Building Trust and Balance Relationship “I was mad at YEU to bring the case of highway construction in people attention, but now I see your work benefited my people” (Mr X) YEU is a member of the

13 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance There is recognition that community participation is an important component of accountability, yet ‘participation’ in the early stages of disaster response tends to involve: Community members asking agencies to provide goods and/or structures. Local officials (i.e. RT) assuming the responsibility for targeting, and often distributing aid in equal amount Cultural context : Gotong Royong, the Javenese approach to neighbourhood assistance involving working together for a common purpose, usually applied to tasks that are of benefit to the community as a whole. Due to the strong culture of Gotong Royong, all community members, whether affected or not, expected/demanded aid in equal measure, while donors insisted on assisting only those most directly affected CONSTRAINTS AND CHALLENGES IN APPLYING ACCOUNTABILITY YEU is a member of the

14 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance The starting point for improving participation depends on the scale / personal impact of a disaster. At a minimum, people must be able to resume ‘normal’ livelihood activities so that they have time to participate. Prior skills building / systems establishment at community level as well as organization (i.e. through longer-term programming or disaster preparedness activities) is often a prerequisite for full community participation during response. To enable all members to have an equal voice, participation also often requires a shift in the power relationships and imbalances within a community. This is especially true in a male-dominated, conservative society. Staff / volunteers knowledge and skills concerning participatory approaches vary. CONSTRAINTS AND CHALLENGES IN APPLYING ACCOUNTABILITY YEU is a member of the

15 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance To enable communities to make informed decisions, they need access to relevant information. Information flow between agencies and communities tended to be ad hoc and focused on verbally transmitting messages, often to local leaders, for onward dissemination. The information that was shared the least with communities was projects budgets. Concerning budgets, several staff felt some data was not appropriate for sharing (e.g. staff salaries). Others were concerned about the amount of awareness raising that would be required for many community members to fully understand all budget line items (e.g. overhead, administration). CONSTRAINTS AND CHALLENGES IN APPLYING ACCOUNTABILITY YEU is a member of the

16 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance Some agencies are attempting to capture ‘community satisfaction’ information in their longer-term programs yet mechanisms for capturing such in emergency response programs are (at best) much less formal involving the women in decision-making is still a challenge due to cultural barriers and limited number of women staff at field level. Improving accountability to disaster-affected populations will require agencies to systematically measure their performance and then learn from the results of those measurements. Many agencies currently have monitoring and evaluation mechanisms but it is unclear whether these mechanisms capture the opinions of disaster-affected populations, or how the data is being used to change future performance. CONSTRAINTS AND CHALLENGES IN APPLYING ACCOUNTABILITY YEU is a member of the

17 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance WAYS FORWARD : Questions to consider… Why does accountability matter? Are we creating barriers or - instead - catalyst between humanitarian organization and affected communities by a “fixation” on accountability? Key challenges are determining nature and extent of accountability to affected populations, whose concerns are prioritized? “The people I work with every day see many clouds – international initiatives and plans, but very little rain – actual change at the frontline”. It’s an image that sums up the challenge of turning the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) into practical, sustainable activity at the frontline where people at-risk live, eat and work. This is the challenge that must be met if a substantial reduction in disaster losses is to be achieved. (Global network, 2009) YEU is a member of the

18 Photos: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance TERIMA KASIH YEU is a member of the


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