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Business English at Work © 2003 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill References.

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Presentation on theme: "Business English at Work © 2003 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill References."— Presentation transcript:

1 Business English at Work © 2003 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill References

2 Business English at Work Pronouns Objectives Explain the function of a pronoun in a sentence. Use nominative (subjective), objective, and possessive case pronouns correctly. Differentiate between personal possessive pronouns and contractions. Use compound personal pronouns correctly. PP 7-1a continued Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

3 Business English at Work Pronouns Objectives PP 7-1b continued Recognize demonstrative and indefinite pronouns. Recognize differences in the use of interrogative and relative pronouns. Use who and whom correctly in sentences. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

4 Business English at Work Pronouns A pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun. Definition of a Pronoun PP 7-2 A personal pronoun refers to a person or thing. A personal pronoun refers to.... Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

5 Business English at Work Pronouns Pronouns have three cases: Cases of Pronouns PP Nominative (Subjective) 2.Objective 3.Possessive The case depends on the pronoun’s function in the sentence. A first-person pronoun is the one speaking. A second-person pronoun is the one spoken to. A third-person pronoun is the one spoken about. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

6 Business English at Work Pronouns Nominative Case Personal Pronouns PP 7-4 The following pronouns are nominative case pronouns. First Person Second Person Third Person SingularPlural Iweyou he, she, itthey Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

7 Business English at Work Pronouns Use nominative case when the personal pronoun is the subject of a verb. Using Nominative Case PP 7-5a He sends messages to a customer in Spain. I use the telephone frequently, but she prefers to use . You can send an message to many people at once. It is inexpensive to use for communication. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

8 Business English at Work Pronouns Use the nominative case when the personal pronoun is a subject complement and follows a linking verb. Using Nominative Case PP 7-5b The most competent technician is she. The supervisors are Jackie and he. continued Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

9 Business English at Work Pronouns Use the nominative case when the personal pronoun is in apposition to a subject. Using Nominative Case PP 7-5c The administrators—Hugh and she— maintain our computer system on the weekends. continued When an appositive follows a pronoun, choose the case of the pronoun that would be correct if the appositive were omitted. We employees solve many problems through our Website instructions or by . Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

10 Business English at Work Pronouns The following pronouns are objective case pronouns. Objective Case Personal Pronouns PP 7-6 First Person Second Person Third Person Singular meusyou him, her, itthem Plural Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

11 Business English at Work Pronouns Use the objective case of personal pronouns when the pronouns are direct or indirect objects of verbs. Using Objective Case PP 7-7a Megan asked her for a copy of the report. My friend gave him my address. The security presentation impressed Noberto and me. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

12 Business English at Work Pronouns Use the objective case when personal pronouns are the objects of prepositions. Using Objective Case PP 7-7b I received two messages from her today. Michelle spoke with us about Internet scams. Megan sent the attachment instructions to Leo and him. continued Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

13 Business English at Work Pronouns Use the objective case for a pronoun that is in apposition to a direct object. Using Objective Case PP 7-7c Please call a help desk technician, Ben or me. continued Use the objective case for a pronoun that is in apposition to an indirect object. The company offered two employees, Brenda and her, specialized network security training. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

14 Business English at Work Pronouns Use the objective case for a pronoun that is in apposition to an object of a preposition. Using Objective Case PP 7-7d The company offered specialized network security training to two employees, Brenda and her. Suzanne s the weekly sales figures to us managers. continued Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

15 Business English at Work Pronouns Possessive pronouns indicate ownership. The following pronouns are possessive case pronouns. Possessive Case Personal Pronouns PP 7-8 First Person Second Person Third Person my, mineour, oursyou, yoursyour, yourshis, her/hers, itstheir, theirs SingularPlural Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

16 Business English at Work Pronouns Use the possessive pronouns my, your, her, his, its, our, and their to modify the nouns that follow. These possessive pronouns function as adjectives in sentences. Using Possessive Pronouns PP 7-9a His advice about avoiding viruses was valuable. We prefer to our company newsletter. Change your password by Friday. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

17 Business English at Work Pronouns Do not use the possessive pronouns mine, yours, his, hers, ours, and theirs as modifiers before nouns. These pronouns stand alone and are separated from the nouns to which they refer. Using Possessive Pronouns PP 7-9b The responsibility is yours if an attachment with a virus is opened. His was the only message that I read today. continued Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

18 Business English at Work Pronouns Several contractions and possessive pronouns sound alike and may cause writing difficulties. Contractions and Possessive Pronouns PP 7-10a itsit’s theirthey’re theirsthere’s youryou’re These pronouns may be confusing: Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

19 Business English at Work Pronouns Do not use the contraction it’s (a shortened form for it is) in place of its, the personal pronoun. Contractions and Possessive Pronouns PP 7-10b It’s difficult to use this system. The company asked its employees to send their travel expenses by . continued Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

20 Business English at Work Pronouns Do not use the contraction you’re (a shortened form of you are) in place of your, the personal pronoun. Contractions and Possessive Pronouns PP 7-10c You’re responsible for the content of your messages. You sent your message yesterday, but you’re aware that I did not receive it. continued Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

21 Business English at Work Pronouns Do not use the contraction they’re (a shortened form of they are) in place of their, the personal pronoun. Contractions and Possessive Pronouns PP 7-10d They’re installing our new software tomorrow. continued Do not use the contraction there’s (shortened form for there is or there has) in place of theirs, the possessive pronoun. There’s a way to cancel my print job as well as theirs through our network connection. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

22 Business English at Work Pronouns Compound Personal Pronouns PP 7-11a Compound personal pronouns consist of a personal pronoun and the suffix self or selves. myselfhimselfourselvesthemselves yourselfherselfyourselvesitself The following are compound personal pronouns: Use a compound personal pronoun to add emphasis or to refer to a previously named noun or pronoun. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

23 Business English at Work Pronouns Compound Personal Pronouns PP 7-11b The words hisself, ourselfs, theirself, theirselves, yourselfs, or themselfs are not standard English words. Use the intensive compound personal pronoun to add emphasis to a noun or to another pronoun. Joan herself assured us our was not monitored. I myself use every day. continued Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

24 Business English at Work Pronouns Compound Personal Pronouns PP 7-11c Use the reflexive compound pronoun to refer to a noun or pronoun that is used as the subject of a sentence. I gave myself a much needed vacation from my computer. The employees taught themselves the new system. continued Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

25 Business English at Work Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns PP 7-12a This classification of pronouns designates specific persons, places, or things. The following pronouns are demonstrative pronouns. SingularPlural thisthese thatthose Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

26 Business English at Work Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns PP 7-12b Use demonstrative pronouns to point out specific persons, places, or things. When these demonstrative pronouns modify nouns, they function as adjectives. continued These are the messages that we received yesterday. We should have sent these messages this morning. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

27 Business English at Work Pronouns Indefinite Pronouns PP 7-13a Indefinite pronouns refer to persons, places, or things in a general way. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

28 Business English at Work Pronouns Indefinite Pronouns PP 7-13b continued all botheverything no one another eachfew none any eithermany nothing anybody enoughmost one anyone neithereverybody other anything nobodyeveryone others several some somebody someone something Indefinite pronouns are not precise or exact. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

29 Business English at Work Pronouns Indefinite Pronouns PP 7-13c continued Use an indefinite pronoun to refer to persons, places, and things spoken about in a general way. Everyone needs an up-to-date address book. Many are not deleting messages from their inbox. Some think that the delete key permanently erases and that nobody will ever see it. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

30 Business English at Work Pronouns Interrogative Pronouns PP 7-14a Use interrogative pronouns to form direct and indirect questions. Use a question mark at the end of a direct question and a period after an indirect question. The following pronouns are interrogative: whowhatwhose whichwhomwhatever whoeverwhomeverwhichever Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

31 Business English at Work Pronouns Interrogative Pronouns PP 7-14b Examples – Direct Questions continued Who has two or more accounts? To whom will you send that message? What is the name of your service provider? Whatever happened to the Word attachment that I sent you? Examples – Indirect Questions I wonder what the new policy will be. Jerri asked which of the Internet service providers was more reliable. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

32 Business English at Work Pronouns Relative Pronouns PP 7-15 Relative and interrogative pronouns are similar. (That is the major addition to the list.) whowhich whoever whichever whom that whomever whose Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

33 Business English at Work Pronouns Relative Pronouns Who, Whom, Whose PP 7-16 Relate to people. Require different forms for each case. CasePronoun Nominativewho, whoever Objectivewhom, whomever Possessivewhose Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

34 Business English at Work Pronouns Relative Pronouns - That PP 7-17 Relate to things and persons (only when a class or type of person is meant). Restrict the meaning of the sentence, making the words that follow necessary to the meaning of the sentence. The Internet service provider that installed our network provides 24-hour online assistance. We received an attachment that contained video files. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

35 Business English at Work Pronouns Relative Pronouns - Which PP 7-18 Refers primarily to things. Introduces nonrestrictive (nonessential clauses). Some services provide instant messaging systems, which allow you to chat with your friends. This software, which I downloaded from the Internet, eliminates junk . Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

36 Business English at Work Pronouns Use of Who or Whoever PP 7-19 Who and whoever are nominative case pronouns. Managers who do not use seem outdated. (They do not use .) Whoever designed this laptop had my needs in mind. (She designed this laptop.) (I, we, he, she, or they could substitute) Use who or whoever to refer to persons. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

37 Business English at Work Pronouns Use of Whom or Whomever PP 7-20a Whom and whomever are objective case pronouns. Serena Brewer, whom you met last week, saves all her important on a disk. (You met her last week.) To whom was that last message addressed? (The message was addressed to him.) Use whom or whomever to refer to persons. (me, us, him, her, or them could substitute) Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

38 Business English at Work Pronouns Use of Whom or Whomever PP 7-20b Additional examples– This is the person whom I taught how to use e- mail. (I taught her to use .) Juan will hire whomever is most qualified. (Juan will hire him.) Jim Darnell, for whom we have great respect, is now working for Lucent Technologies. (We have great respect for him.) continued Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

39 Business English at Work Pronouns Use of Whose and Who’s PP 7-21a Use the relative pronoun whose to show ownership. Do not use an apostrophe with this possessive form of the pronoun. Do not use the contraction who’s (who is, who has) to show possession. Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

40 Business English at Work Pronouns Use of Whose and Who’s PP 7-21b continued Examples Whose computer had problems accessing the network? We wonder whose system is the easiest to use. Who’s the best person for troubleshooting PC problems? Who’s responsible for monitoring Web-based accounts? Advanced English Structures; Lectured by CHUM PISETH

41 Business English at Work © 2003 Glencoe/McGraw-Hill End of References


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