Presentation on theme: "The end of WW2 and the beginnings of the Cold War."— Presentation transcript:
The end of WW2 and the beginnings of the Cold War
1. In 1917, the West decided to support the Whites in the Russian Revolution X
2. Russia was not invited to the Versailles Conference
3. They were not accepted into the L of N until 1934.
4. During the Great Depression, while the West suffered, Stalin made considerable economic progress
5. During operation Barbarossa, the USSR suffered huge losses
Stalin asked the Allies to open a new front to take the pressure off the USSR The West hesitated a long time ? ? ? ?
Why? The West hoped Hitler and Stalin would destroy each other.
6. After Stalingrad, the Soviet Union began to move westward
EUROPE Who will win the most territory?
Nervous of USSR victories, the Allies landed in Normandy in June 6, 1944.
The Allies move towards Berlin
April 1945, the Soviets arrive at the gates of Berlin.
They find the city defended by boys, old men and women
The fuhrer and his wife Eva Braun committed suicide in their bunker
Allies Despite their mutual distrust, when Hitler attacked the USSR, the Allies quickly understood that they must meet to cooperate Axis
The Major Conferences
In August 1941, Churchill The Atlantic Charter
Off Argentia in Placentia Bay met Roosevelt...
The Charter explained their reasons to oppose fascism
A The U.S. and UK would not seek other territories
B Self-determination for all people
C No changing of borders without consulting the people involved
D Promote international trade
E Encourage international aid F Free access to the seas G Disarmament of all countries
2. In February 1945, Stalin invited Churchill and Roosevelt...
…to Yalta, the Winter Palace of the Tsars
A Stalin promises to attack Japan
B They discuss the formation of the United Nations
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? The future of Europe and Germany C
After Germany is defeated, it will be divided into 4 zones of occupation…
Berlin will be similarly divided
But what about Poland and the countries occupied by Stalin? Churchill wanted a democratic Poland led by the London Poles Stalin wanted the Soviet-backed Lublin Poles, to lead Poland
Stalin wants the Soviet-occupied countries as a buffer between the USSR and the west
Against the advice of Churchill, Roosevelt agrees to grant spheres of influence to the USSR in Eastern Europe, to China in Southeast Asia and to the UK in its empire.
Stalin promises free elections in the occupied countries after the withdrawal of the Red Army
After Yalta, Churchill and Stalin come to terms on the percentage agreements Here they agree on post- war control of Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary
3. In July 1945 the Allies meet in Potsdam in Germany
A lot had changed since Yalta: Truman was the new president and more opposed to Stalin than Roosevelt had been The US had the atomic bomb Atlee replaces Churchill as British PM during the conference Hitler had been defeated
The Allies organize the Nuremberg trials to judge and try those responsible for the Nazi genocide and crimes against humanity. This is an historic first for world justice. A
B The Soviets can take what they want from the conquered territories as war reparations
C Poland’s borders and government (The Lublin Poles) are agreed upon