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Public Sector Performance and Efficiency : The Status of Small Island States Alexandra Pizzuto and Jean Paul Fabri Prepared for the Conference: “Small.

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Presentation on theme: "Public Sector Performance and Efficiency : The Status of Small Island States Alexandra Pizzuto and Jean Paul Fabri Prepared for the Conference: “Small."— Presentation transcript:

1 Public Sector Performance and Efficiency : The Status of Small Island States Alexandra Pizzuto and Jean Paul Fabri Prepared for the Conference: “Small States and Resilience Building” Malta, April 2007

2 ‘that government is best which governs least’ Thomas Pain

3 Does size matter ?

4 Overview Broader reflections on role and size of government Public sector performance and efficiency matter Sustainability of public finances Relevant for economic performance

5 Measuring performance and efficiency Steps involved in the construction of indices: –Identifying appropriate objectives –Identifying outcomes of public sector activities that proxy these objectives –Setting these outcomes in relation to the costs

6 Core objectives of government Classical school: basic public goods with limited scope Keynesian school: enthusiasm for state intervention Musgravian objectives: allocation, stabilisation, redistribution Public choice school: criticised big government

7 Public Sector Performance Governance Voice & accountability Political instability Government effectiveness Regulatory quality Rule of law Corruption Education UNDP education index Health UNDP health index Stability Average 10- year inflation Fiscal balance to GDP External balance to GDP GDP volatility Distribution Gini co- efficient Economic performance Real GDP growth FDI performance Public Sector Performance Unemployment

8 PSP: Results

9 PSP: Analysis

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13 ‘efficiency of performance is what wins the game’ Pat Riley

14 Public Sector Efficiency

15 PSE: Results

16 PSE: Analysis

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18 PSE: Ambiguities Only 2/5ths of the countries with a PSE index above average also had a PSP index above average.

19 PSE: Ambiguities

20 ‘efficiency is doing things right, effectiveness is doing the right thing’ Peter Drucker

21 PSE: Other considerations Growing interest in quality of public spending

22 PSE: Other considerations Fiscal discipline

23 Public Sector Performance Sustainability: An Alternative Index

24 PSPS: Results

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26 PSPS: Analysis

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29 ‘ small is beautiful’ EF Schumacher

30 SIDS: Stylised facts Generally perform better

31 Bigger government SIDS: Stylised facts

32 SIDS: Analysis PSP

33 SIDS: Analysis PSP sub-indicators

34 SIDS: Analysis PSP vs PSE

35 SIDS: Analysis PSP vs. PSPS

36 ‘kites rise highest against the wind - not with it’ W Churchill

37 SIDS: Policy implications Can improve well-being through law- making, policy making and administrative capacity Learn from other SIDS Implement public sector reforms Consolidate public finances

38 ‘it is believed that the performance and efficiency of the institutional framework contributes strongly to an explanation of cross country differences in economic growth ’ D North

39 PSP vs GDP

40 PSE vs GDP

41 PSPS vs GDP

42 PSP vs Competitiveness

43 PSE vs Competitiveness

44 PSPS vs Competitiveness

45 Limitations of study Subjective elements –Variables chosen –Weighting procedure Data problems –Shortage of data –Non-homogenous definitions across countries

46 Concluding remarks Important for public sector to perform well, efficiently and effectively Public sector must invest in society in a sustainable manner Case for public sector reform and to consolidate public finances are too compelling to ignore

47 ‘let our advance worrying become advance thinking and planning ’ W Churchill

48 THANK YOU Comments are greatly appreciated Contact


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