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1 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Public Service of Colorado Ponnequin Wind Farm Geothermal Technologies Program Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap.

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Presentation on theme: "1 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Public Service of Colorado Ponnequin Wind Farm Geothermal Technologies Program Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Public Service of Colorado Ponnequin Wind Farm Geothermal Technologies Program Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap Project Review Doug Hollett Geothermal Technologies Program Manager Kate Young NREL Principal Investigator April 25, 2013

2 2 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Status Update Roadmap Content Analyses Web Interface White Papers Moving Forward Meeting Agenda

3 3 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Colorado Colorado agency/industry review: March 6, 2013 Completed  through agency and legal review Now available onlineTexas Texas agency/industry review: planned June 12, 2013 Content currently under development GRR Content Technology White Papers Web Interface RoadmapFuture Plans Permitting Analysis

4 4 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov GRR Content: Colorado Permitting Concerns Uncertainty Since geothermal is so new to this state, state agencies (e.g. Department of Water Resources) aren’t quite sure how they will handle every situation. This causes angst and misunderstanding with the general public (they think there are requirements that may or may not be there, and are insisting the developer follow these "ideas”) Leasing State Land Board has not formalized their renewable energy leasing process - there are no resources online or guidance for how to obtain a lease. Plan to present recommendations to the State Land Board soon (in April?). Geothermal Resource is the heat, but does not include water - for example, EGS heat okay. Water rights must be obtained independently. Tributary vs. Nontributary Status DWR and CGS have suggested that a developer WANTS their resource to be tributary because a nontributary source is limited by surface ownership, and by total volume available by law (calculated 100-year life). There would never be enough water in a non- tributary water right that is tied to land ownership for an ecumenically viable power plant. Geothermal Well Permitting current process assumes non consumption of the tributary (see previous bullet) water. If any of it is consumptive, DWR is not yet sure how it will be handled - how to obtain a water right. NREL is working with DWR to flesh out that portion of the flowchart. County Regulations (1041 Permits) Allows the counties to develop their own geothermal permitting and regulations - relates to siting and zoning. The state has received grant money for suggested guidelines which are in process and scheduled for draft release March 15, Flow charts will be developed as part of 1041 regs and could be incorporated into the geothermal road-mapping effort. In some areas, while 1041 permits are in the process of development a moratorium on development has been adopted. (e.g. Chaffee County) Technology White Papers Web Interface Roadmap Future Plans Permitting Analysis

5 5 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov NREL/DOE Industry Agencies Congress Agencies OUTCOMES Develop Framework Collect Data Conduct Analyses Develop Language Enact Law/ Policy Reduce Permitting Time Lower LCOE Increase # of Projects Increase Deployment FY12 FY13 FY14 and Beyond Identify Game Changers Reduce NEPA permitting time Centralized location for all permitting Cost Recovery/ Permit Fees Analyze effectiveness of currently operating centralized permitting Collect NEPA data and conduct analysis Provide analysis of successful cost recovery programs Industry Agencies Industry Agencies Congress Agencies Congress Agencies Bring People Together Permitting Analyses Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap

6 6 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap Permitting Analyses: Permit Coordination Office JurisdictionAgencyYear Started TechnologyStatute/PolicyComments Hawai’iHawai’i Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT) 2008Renewable Energy as defined in HRS HRS 201N Statute has 14 sections; plus 19 sections of administrative rules The DBEDT creates a permit plan with the developer and makes themselves the accepting agency for HEPA to help circulate the information in the Final EIS to all relevant agencies more quickly. AlaskaAlaska Department of Natural Resources Office of Project Management and Permitting 1980Large Natural Resource Projects AS (b)(9) Statue receives one line within one section of the statute. DNR Commissioner can coordinate the permitting and review of large natural resource projects. DNR recently began to explore using the process for “alternative energy.” CaliforniaCalifornia Renewable Energy Action Team (REAT) 2008Solar and WindExecutive Order # S Primarily for Mojave and Colorado Desert regions to help meet California RPS. Federal BLMRegional BLM Renewable Energy Offices Varies by office Renewable Energy Policy DocumentsOffice is established and implemented individually by each BLM regional office. Federal BLMRegional BLM Oil & Gas Pilot Program Offices 2005Oil and GasEPAct 2005Started 7 offices. They have been so successful, that they are developing 2 additional offices.

7 7 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Analysis Suggestions? Suggestions for current analyses? Other ideas for analyses? Anything else? Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap

8 8 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap Permitting Analyses: Cost Recovery Mechanisms Statute/PolicyAuthorityAgencyResource Programs Independent Offices Appropriations Act of 1952 Federal Agencies are authorized to Charge processing costs All Federal Land Policy Management Act of 1976, Sec. 304 Specific Authorities to charge fees for processing applications and other documents related to public lands BLMReality (Solar, Wind), Geothermal, Oil and Gas, Coal, Nonenergy leasable minerals, Mineral materials, Mining law Energy Policy Act of 2005, Sec. 234 Provides for 25% of geothermal revenues made available to DOI for implementation of Geothermal Steam Act amendments for a period of 5 years, without FY limitation or appropriations for a period of 5 years DOIGeothermal Department of Interior Appropriations, FY 2010 Requires BLM to collect a $6,500 APD Processing FeeBLMOil and Gas 43 CFR : annually adjusted Oil and Gas Leasing; Geothermal Resources Leasing; Coal Management; Management of Solid Minerals other than Coal; Mineral Materials Disposal; and Mining Claims Under the General Mining Laws BLMGeothermal, Oil and Gas, Coal, Nonenergy leasable minerals, Mineral materials, Mining law

9 9 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Analysis Suggestions? Suggestions for current analyses? Other ideas for analyses? Anything else? Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap

10 10 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap Permitting Analyses: NEPA Data NEPA Data Populating a catalog of more than 150 recent geothermal NEPA documents NEPA documents collected from: BLM, USFS, BOR, DOE Includes all phases of development: Information can be sorted, analyzed and compared by different criteria, such as by type of planned activity, by state or field office, by type of NEPA document Land Use Planning Exploration Well Field Power Plant Transmission

11 11 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov NEPA: List of Suggested Data to Collect Administrative Data Agency (State, Office, Document Number/Serial Number, leases) Project Data Applicant, Project Name, Project Type (Exploration, Drilling/Field Development, Utilization) Scope (brief narrative) Type of Analysis Casual Use Determination of NEPA Adequacy Categorical Exclusion Environmental Assessment Environmental Analysis Consultation, Special Interest and Concerns Wildlife: Critical Habitat, Special Status Species Cultural Resources Visual Resources Timelines/Action Dates Application date Public Notice Decision Processing Time Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap

12 12 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov 1. Provide data for future NEPA Analyses User Story BLM field office receives application for a reflective seismic survey. Agency personnel, including geothermal permit processing agent, specialists (biologist, cultural specialist, etc.) are unfamiliar with reflective seismic surveys or their potential impacts. Database Input Users search for “reflective seismic survey.” Basic information is provided about the survey, including how it is conducted, timeframes, output information, etc., Links are provided for further information and potential “training” (videos, presentations, papers, etc.) Lists of previous NEPA analyses conducted for reflective seismic surveys are listed, including dates, timeframes, locations, impacted species and stipulationsImpact The collection of this information helps to: Reduce misunderstanding about potential activity impacts Provide consistency among NEPA analyses conducted for similar activities Potentially reduce time required to determine impacts and stipulations Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap

13 13 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov 2. Aid in Development of Categorical Exclusions Definition Categorical exclusion means a category of actions which do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment... and... for which, therefore, neither an environmental assessment nor an environmental impact statement is required. 40 CFR Note that a categorical exclusion can significantly reduce NEPA time requirements Typical CE3 months Typical EA10 months Categorical exclusions (CEs) are actions which meet the definition contained in 40 CFR , and, based on past experience with similar actions, do not involve significant environmental impacts. They are actions which: do not induce significant impacts to planned growth or land use for the area, do not require the relocation of significant numbers of people; do not have a significant impact on any natural, cultural, recreational, historic or other resource; do not involve significant air, noise, or water quality impacts; do not have significant impacts on travel patterns; and do not otherwise, either individually or cumulatively, have any significant environmental impacts. 23 CFR (a) Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap

14 14 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov 2. Aid in Development of Categorical Exclusions Categorical exclusions (CX) are developed based on previous experience, so collecting information from existing geothermal NEPA documents for similar actions (e.g. specific exploration or drilling activities) can be the basis for development of categorical exclusions for geothermal. CXs can be: Implemented by administrative policies Mandated by congress (Sec. 390 EPAct of 2005 for O&G) or through agency regulations. Developed during land use planning process and within NEPA documents for multiple well and development projects, that provides for the use of individual CXs or determination of NEPA adequacy (DNA). Providing the upfront data collection and analysis can provide the federal agencies the data needed for development of categorical exclusions. Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap

15 15 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov BLMUSFSDOEUSGS Activity O&GGeothermalO&GGeothermal --- Agency Activities Land Use PlanningEIS --- LeasingEA/DNA --- Geophysical Exploration (including TGWs) No new roadsCX 1 CX 3 CX 4 CX 6 Up to 1 mile of new roadsEA/DNA 1 CX 3 EA/DNA?? Drilling Permits (into the reservoir) Exploration wellsEA/DNACX 2 EA/DNAEA--- Development wellsCX 2 EA/DNACX 2 EA/DNANA--- Infill wellsCX 2 EA/DNACX 2 EA/DNACX Other Activities Off-lease PipelineCX 2 EA/DNACX 2 EA/EIS--- Utilization/OperationEA/EIS CX 4,5 --- Minor MaintenanceCX 2 EA/EISCX 2 EA/EIS--- 1 DOI Department Manual (6) 2 EPAct 2005, Title III-Oil and Gas, Sec. 390-& BLM IM CFR 220.6(e)(8) 4 10 CFR 1021 (b) 5 Small facilities only 6 DOI Department Manual Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap Permitting Analyses: NEPA

16 16 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap 16 What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties NEPA Document: EA at Brady Hot Springs (DOI-BLM-NV-W EA) General NEPA Document Info Technology Geothermal Energy Document Type Environmental Assessment Applicant Brady Power Partners Consultant Agency Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area State NV Project Phase Well Field Development Techniques Hydro-Shearing Comments DOE/BLM Staff Time Frames (days) Lease to Application Application Time Process Time Total Time Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Managing Field Office Winnemucca Funding Agencies DOE Surface Manager BLM Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates Lease Date Pre-Application Meeting Date Application Date Application Document NOI Date (EIS) Federal Register Revised Application Date Comments Date Scoping Initiated Preliminary EA/EIS Final EA/EIS Decision Document Relevant Numbers Lead Agency Document Number DOI-BLM-NV-W EA Funding Agency Document Number DOE/EA-1944 Funding NumberDE-PS36-08GO98008 Serial Number/Case File Number N Lease NumbersNVN CX ReferenceNA Tiered Document DOI-BLM-NV EA Proposed Action Ormat’s well 15-12, located north of the Hot Springs Mountains, approximately 50 miles northeast of Reno, in Churchill County, Nevada; T. 22 N., R. 26 E., sec. 12 (Figure 1), was installed in April 2007 to serve as a production well; however, further testing revealed that the well does not have sufficient hydraulic connections with the geothermal reservoir and it has since remained inactive. Ormat proposes to implement a hydro-stimulation program (EGS) to increase energy production by enhancing natural hydraulic connections within the existing hydrothermal system. Hydro-stimulation involves creating better hydraulic connections by injecting cool geothermal water (temperatures ranging from °F) to further open the existing network of minute cracks in the rocks deep underground, where natural fractures already occur. During the process, geothermal water produced from the geothermal production wells and processed at the geothermal plant would be injected at wellhead pressures less than 1,400 pounds per square inch at depths ranging from approximately 4,245 to 5,096 feet below ground surface. The stimulation plan outlines the injection of cool geothermal water into three vertical intervals at varying pressures over a period of approximately three weeks. The increase in pressure would also accompany a pulsing of the rate of injection. Tracer compounds would be injected at specific times during the stimulation to identify movement of geothermal fluid in real time. Additional details are provided in the Tracer Testing section of the report. Applicant-Proposed Environmental Protection Measures Impacts Mitigation Conditions of Approval GEOTHERMAL POWER Link to Document: https://www.blm.gov/epl-front-office/projects/nepa/34003/42110/44613/ _Brady_Hydro-Stimulation_EA.pdfhttps://www.blm.gov/epl-front-office/projects/nepa/34003/42110/44613/ _Brady_Hydro-Stimulation_EA.pdf

17 17 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Areas(2)Regions(0)Activities (9) 17 What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties Details Geothermal Technique: Hydro-Shearing GEOTHERMAL ENERGY NEPA (2) Document #Document Type Project PhaseProject Activities ApplicantDecision DateTotal Time (days) DOI-BLM-NV-W EA EAWell Field Development Hydro-ShearingBrady Power Partners 11/20/ Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap

18 18 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Analysis Suggestions? Suggestions for current analyses? Other ideas for analyses? Other ideas for displaying results? Anything else? Technology White Papers Web Interface Permitting Analysis Future Plans Roadmap

19 19 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Technical White Papers Task Description: Develop technology characterizations of geothermal technologies to help educate agency personnel on the technical details, field operations, environmental impacts and permitting issues. General Outline: 1.Introduction 2.Technology Description 2.1 Technology Overview 2.2 Technology Features 3.Environmental Impacts and Permitting Issues 3.1 Environmental Impact Screening Criteria 3.2 Potential Environmental Consequences 3.3 Permitting Requirements and Issues Future Plans Roadmap Permitting Analysis Technical White Papers Web Interface

20 20 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Technical White Papers - Topics FY13 White Paper Topics FY14 White Paper Topics Hydraulic Stimulation: Multi-Stage Stimulation Zonal Isolation Diverters Chemical Stimulation Downhole Fluids: Stimulation Fluids Tracers Working Fluids Nanotechnologies Production Drilling and Well Completion: Drilling Muds Casing Cementing BOPs Injection Wells Advanced Drilling Techniques Step-Outs Lateral/Horizontal Drilling Geophysical Surveys: Seismic MT Gravity Reservoir Engineering: Well Characterization Techniques Flow Tests Down-hole Methods Induction of Fluid Flow Exploratory Drilling: Temperature Gradient Holes (TGH) 2M Probe Surveys Slimhole Drilling Produced Fluids Re-Injection On-Site Treatment Shipment for Treatment Geoscientific Surveys Geological Human Observation Geochemical Remote Sensing Other Stimulation: Chemical Stimulation Explosive Stimulation Rock Mechanics Fracture Propagation Future Plans Roadmap Permitting Analysis Technical White Papers Web Interface

21 21 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov TaskTime Frame Due Date Responsible EntityJFMAMJJAS Team Kick Off Meeting1 dayWeek of 1/22/2013 All entities Develop Technical Working Paper Construct 3 Weeks2/15/2013New West with support from NREL Finalize List of Paper Topics 3 Weeks2/15/2013DOE, in consultation with BLM, USFS, and DOD, and with support from New West and NREL Data Collection and Analysis for Paper #1 2 Weeks3/1/2013New West with support from NREL Draft Technical Working Paper #1 5 Weeks4/5/2013New West with support from NREL DOE and partner agency review of Paper #1 2 weeks4/19/2013DOE, in consultation with BLM, USFS, and DOD Incorporate Comments and Finalize Paper #1 3 Weeks5/10/2013New West with support from NREL Data Collection and Analysis for Papers #2-5 5 weeks5/24/2013New West with support from NREL Draft Technical Working Papers #2-5 8 weeks7/19/2013New West with support from NREL DOE and partner agency review of Papers #2-5 3 weeks8/9/2013DOE, in consultation with BLM, USFS, and DOD Incorporate Comments and Finalize Papers #2-5 2 weeks8/22/2013New West with support from NREL Publish and Distribute Papers #1-5 3 week9/12/2013DOE with support from New West/NREL Technical White Papers Schedule April 25, 2013

22 22 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov White Paper Suggestions? Suggestions for current topics? Other ideas for outlines? Anything else? Future Plans Roadmap Permitting Analysis Technical White Papers Web Interface

23 23 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Web Interface: Updates Technology White Papers Web Interface Future Plans Roadmap Permitting Analysis Recent Updates to OpenEI Link to roadmap from Geothermal Gateway Roadmap pages now are available: by state, by technology Makes documents more accessible New pages will be the support behind the new web interface Wizard interface (Turbo-Tax-like interface) – in process; plan to have mock-ups by next quarterly meeting

24 24 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Web Interface: State Pages Technology White Papers Web Interface Future Plans Roadmap Permitting Analysis

25 25 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Web Interface: Technology Pages Technology White Papers Web Interface Future Plans Roadmap Permitting Analysis

26 26 | US DOE Geothermal Programeere.energy.gov Finalize paper #1 (Hydraulic Stimulation) Draft and finalize papers #2-5 Upcoming Plans Technology White Papers Upcoming Plans Roadmap Permitting Analysis Web Interface Finalize Texas roadmaps Meet with Texas agencies/industry Legal review with BHFS Roadmap Finish agency personnel interviews Draft papers for GRC Analysis Clean and upload NEPA document metadata Collect similar information for oil & gas Analyze data and draft GRC papers with results NEPA White Papers Continue to add general information for each of the roadmap areas Add data to the state pages to query on each technology page Continue development of wizard interface, walking users through permit trigger questions Web Interface


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