Presentation on theme: "W. HIST. UNIT 8B WWII VOCAB.. THE PLAYERS (Taking Sides in WWII) Axis PowersThe nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in."— Presentation transcript:
W. HIST. UNIT 8B WWII VOCAB.
THE PLAYERS (Taking Sides in WWII) Axis PowersThe nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in Allied PowersFrance, Britain, USSR, United States, and China as well as 45 other countries that opposed the Axis powers in World War II. FrancePart of the Allied Powers. GermanyPart of the Axis Powers.
BROKEN TREATIES: Deals Before WWII Dawes PlanA plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. Anti-Comintern PactIn 1936 Japan signed this with Germany and it was later ratified by Italy. It was in opposition to Communism but actually proved to be the foundation for diplomatic alliance between these three powers. Each now had allies and pushed their demands for individual success. In 1938 Mussolini was willing to accept the German absorption of Austria which he had resisted in Munich Conference1938 conference at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand Germany's territory any further. Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression PactAgreement between Hitler and Stalin that said they would both invade Poland and not attack one another.
The Munich Conference – a policy of appeasement
BAD GUYS: NAZIS & IMPERIAL JAPAN AryanIn Nazism, people of northern European descent who were said to possess racially superior traits and capacities for government, social organization, and civilization. TojoJapanese military leader (Army) YamamotoJapanese military leader (Navy) Emperor Hirohitoconsidered a god & an absolute ruler of Japan. Believed in Jap racial superiority & wanted a world takeover.
Nazis portrayed a standard of racial perfection to their people that even their own leader couldn’t meet
SOME MAJOR BATTLES OF WWII Midway IslandThe last American base in the north Pacific west of Hawaii which was attacked by the Japanese. Huge turning point in the war due to crushing blow dealt to the Japanese Navy after trying to ambush awaiting US Navy. D-DayJune 6, Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
“Saving Private Ryan” showed perhaps the most accurate portrayal of what the D-Day beach was like
CONQUERED & RECONQUERED AREAS ManchukuoMilitary takeover of Manchuria by the Japanese. Was not supported by the civilian government, which fell apart in response. Soviet UnionA Communist nation, consisting of Russia and 14 other states, that existed from 1922 to Vichy FranceA portion of France that was not occupied with Germany but followed Germany's every command. LondonA city in England (bombed heavily by German V2 rockets)
The Russians fought like crazy to drive the Nazis (& Napoleon earlier) out
THE PSYCHOLOGY/IDEALS OF WWII BlitzGerman for lightning (quick attacks). KamikazeLiterally, "divine wind". A Japanese aircraft loaded with explosives and making a deliberate suicidal crash on an enemy target. AppeasementSatisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability. IsolationismA policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations.
Japanese kamikaze pilots were as hated & feared as any suicide terrorist today
THE WEAPONS/FORCES OF WWII LuftwaffeGerman, literally "air weapon". The German air force. blitzkriegGerman, literally "lightning war.” HiroshimaOn August 6, 1945, this city was almost completely destroyed by the first atomic bomb dropped on a populated area KamikazeLiterally, "divine wind". A Japanese aircraft loaded with explosives and making a deliberate suicidal crash on an enemy target.
Fire-bombing Dresden, Germany & dropping an atomic bomb on Japan were 2 major decisions to help end WWII
THE ATTACKS/BATTLES OF WWII Mukden IncidentA "Chinese" attack on a Japanese railway near the city of Mukden (had actually been carried out by Japanese soldiers disguised as Chinese); used by Japan as an excuse to seize Manchuria. DresdenGerman city ferociously firebombed by the Allies from Feb. 13-5, RomansBombed in WWII from HiroshimaOn August 6, 1945, this city was almost completely destroyed by the first atomic bomb dropped on a populated area
Dresden, Germany—Allied forces dropping fire bombs on the outskirts of the city caused the fire to implode; destroying it entirely
MAIN WORLD LEADERS DURING WWII Joseph StalinRussian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition ( ). Benito MussoliniFascist dictator of Italy ( ). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy. Was a hero of Adolf Hitler. Adolf HitlerDictator and Fascist leader of the Nazi Party. He believed that strong leadership was required to save Germanic society, which was at risk due to Jewish, socialist, democratic, and liberal forces.. Winston Churchill, and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war. Franklin Delano Roosevelt32nd President of the United States. Elected four times, instituted New Deal to counter the great depression, and led country during World War II ( ). Neville ChamberlainBritish statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany ( ).
This pre-WWII cartoon shows England’s Chamberlain having been devoured by Nazis after he tried to satisfy Hitler by giving him want he wanted—it obviously didn’t work
TERROR & HOLOCAUST DURING WWII EinsatzgruppenGerman, literally "task force". Nazi strike forces that killed innocent Jews with their infamous "death squads". HolocaustThe Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler. Final SolutionThe Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler. Heinrich HimmlerGerman Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of 6 million Jews ( ). GypsyA member of a traveling people with dark skin and hair who speak Romany and traditionally live by seasonal work, itinerant trade, and fortune-telling. Many were Jewish too.
Most Germans found out the Holocaust was going on in their very own country
MAKING PEACE AFTER WWII Yalta Conference1945 Meeting with US president Franklin Delano Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Potsdam ConferenceThe final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdam, outside Berlin, in July, Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War. United NationsAn international organization of countries set up in 1945, in succession to the League of Nations, to promote international peace, security, and cooperation. New OrderA description of the international system resulting from the collapse of the Soviet Union in which the balance of nuclear terror theoretically no longer determined the destinies of states.
The “Big 3” Allied (good guys) winners from left to right; Churchill, FDR, Stalin