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OGT Review Chapter 4: World War I, World War II and the Cold War.

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Presentation on theme: "OGT Review Chapter 4: World War I, World War II and the Cold War."— Presentation transcript:

1 OGT Review Chapter 4: World War I, World War II and the Cold War

2 With your TEAM, answer questions 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 Be prepared to explain your answers (you have 10 minutes) Pages 49, 50 and 60

3 KEY WWI CONCEPTS * The militarization of European countries… * Imperialist ambitions among European nations… * The build-up of alliances between aggressive nations… * Nationalist sentiment among subjected nations and independent nations… * New technology, the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations

4 KEY WWII CONCEPTS * The rise of dictators after WWI and during the Great Depression… * Military aggression during the 1930s in Europe… * War in Europe and the Pacific… * The Atomic Bomb, the United Nations…

5 KEY COLD WAR CONCEPTS * Soviet expansion and American containment… * Tensions and differences between the United States and the Soviet Union… * Korea, the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Vietnam War…

6 1.) In what way did the losses shown on the chart establish conditions that led to the outbreak of WWII? A. British and French troops no longer cooperated in foreign affairs B. Britain and France followed a policy of appeasement that encouraged Nazi aggression C. Americans decided to take a more active role in world affairs to avoid another conflict D. Britain and France renounced the use of armaments World War I Allied Casualties Suffered in World War I CountryKilled/DeadWounded France1,360,0004,266,000 Great Britain910,0002,090,000 United States100,000200,000

7 2.) How did these developments after WWI contribute to the onset of WWII? A. These new governments wanted to actively participate in the League of Nations B. The leaders of these governments believed in using force to achieve their goals C. The economic programs of these governments led to the Great Depression D. The economic programs of these governments led to clashes with Britain and France World War I and World War II The creation of a Communist state in Russia The seizure of power by the Fascists in Italy The Nazi Party take power in Germany

8 World War I and World War II 3.) Short Answer Question: “Many historians believe that the seeds for the start of WWII were planted in the years just after WWI.” * Describe two developments in the years just after WWI that helped bring about WWII. What strategy should we use to answer this question? 1.) Analyze and plan 2.) Write your answer 3.) Review and revise your answer

9 4.) Each event on the timeline is related to WWII or its aftermath. Which of these events could also be classified as a part of the Cold War? A. Germany invades Poland, starting WWII B. Pearl Harbor is attacked, causing the U.S. to enter WWII C. 48 nations join together to form the United Nations D. The U.S. announces the Truman Doctrine World War II and the Cold War 1939 Germany invades Poland 1940 France surrenders to Germany 1941 Pearl Harbor is attacked nations join the United Nation 1947 The U.S. announces the Truman Doctrine

10 5.) The above quotation is from a speech by Winston Churchill, delivered in March What event led to the fall of the “Iron Curtain” described by Churchill? A. The holding of free elections in E. Europe after WWII B. Soviet armies pushing the Nazis back across E. Europe C. The est. of Soviet satellite governments in E. Europe after WWII D. The creation of new democratic governments in E. Europe The Cold War “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe.”

11 The League of Nations was created after WWI as a forum for resolving international conflicts. However, the League was unable to resolve tensions that led to WWII. One factor that contributed to the ineffectiveness of the League was the… A. The breakup of colonial empires in Africa and Asia B. Decision of the Untied States not to join the League C. Opposition of League members to the Treaty of Versailles D. Rise of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union World War I

12 In what way did the Treaty of Versailles establish conditions that led to the outbreak of World War II? A. It called for dissolving the League of Nations, thus removing an organization for resolving future conflicts B. It gave Germany too much power by letting Germany keep the Alsace- Lorraine region of France C. It weakened the Allied countries by making France, England and Russia reduce the size of their armies D. It imposed harsh reparations payments on Germany, which led to economic and political instability World War I

13 Which factor helped lead to the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union? A. Differing intentions between the two nations for the political and economic rebuilding of Eastern Europe after WWII B. The lack of U.S. aid to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease Program during WWII C. Both nations being members of the Untied Nations Security Council after WWII D. Uneven prosperity between the two nations after the Great Depression World War II and the Cold War

14 The use of atomic weapons at the end of WWII fostered fears about their potential use during the Cold War years. These fears were critical in determining the U.S. response to? A. the Marshall Plan B. the Berlin Blockade C. the Cuban Missile Crisis D. the independence movement in India World War II and the Cold War

15 After WW II, which three nations were divided into Communist and Non-Communist parts? A. Soviet Union, Mongolia, Tibet B. Vietnam, Korea, Germany C. India, Pakistan, Afghanistan D. Poland, Cuba, Yugoslavia The Cold War

16 The Middle East was dramatically changed by the events in WWII. What was an immediate effect of WWII on the Middle East? A. The unification of all Arab countries B. An increase in areas under British and French control C. The creation of the State of Israel D. The revival of Islamic Fundamentalism The Cold War

17 Both WWII and the end of the Cold War have contributed to many contemporary conflicts. Which statement describes the impact of these developments on the Middle East? A. Palestinians now want greater integration into Israeli society B. There is a continuing conflict between the State of Israel and Palestinians desires for their own state C. Arab nations in the Middle East seek unification in a Pan-Arab state D. Arab nations in the Middle East have sought to keep oil prices low The Cold War


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