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The U.S. and the European War ( )

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Presentation on theme: "The U.S. and the European War ( )"— Presentation transcript:

1 The U.S. and the European War (1936-1941)
American Neutrality The U.S. and the European War ( )

2 The U.S. and the European War (1936-1941)
American Neutrality The U.S. and the European War ( ) USHC 7.1 Analyze the decision of the United States to enter World War II, including the nation’s movement from a policy of isolationism to international involvement and the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

3 A total eclipse of the individual
Totalitarianism A total eclipse of the individual Militarism Dictatorship Censorship Repression Photo by betelgeux

4 Dictatorships SOVIET UNION ITALY GERMANY JAPAN

5 The Soviet Union Joseph Stalin

6 Fascist Italy Benito Mussolini Map Art By DrRandomFactor

7 Statue of Romulus and Remus in Rome, GA
Roman Imagery Fasces Statue of Romulus and Remus in Rome, GA

8 Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler

9 Imperial Japanese Army
Japanese Militarism Hideki Tojo Flag of the Imperial Japanese Army

10 Japanese Expansion Map Credit: BBC

11 German Expansion Map Credit:

12 Appeasement Photo by eperales

13 Chamberlain and Hitler
The Munich Agreement Chamberlain and Hitler

14 “Peace for our time…”

15 Churchill on Munich The Western democracies “are weighed in the balance and found wanting.” “And do not suppose that this is the end. This is only the beginning of the reckoning.” Churchill’s Speech:

16 Hitler Invades Poland September, 1939 Map Credit: Listowy

17 Blitzkrieg (Lightning War) Panzer

18 Fall of France 1940 Made by Niels Bosboom.

19 Battle of Britain 1940 Air Battles Military Targets Cities/Civilians

20 Axis Pact Japan, Germany, and Italy agree to cooperate in their efforts… They further undertake to assist one another with all political, economic and military means if one of the Contracting Powers is attacked by a Power at present not involved in the European War or in the Japanese-Chinese conflict.

21 The Situation: 1940 The Allies The Axis Neutral

22 The World is Falling Apart

23 SO???

24 That Sucked! American Wounded Making Way To First Aid Station In The Village Of Marne During German Attack by George Matthews Harding Here Harding shows the ever-present human toll of war along with two of the innovations of the Great War, the airplane and barbed wire. Source:

25 aka, “Non-Intervention”
“Isolationism” aka, “Non-Intervention”

26 NO ARMS TO BELLIGERENTS
Neutrality Acts 1936, 1937, 1939 NO ARMS TO BELLIGERENTS Photo by *janine*

27 The Arsenal of Democracy
Cash and Carry (1939) Destroyers for Bases (1940) Lend-Lease (1941) Photo by mr.smashy

28 Pay cash and carry it home, yourself.
1939 Pay cash and carry it home, yourself.

29 Destroyers for Bases 1940 Map: Destroyers to Britain in exchange for naval bases in the Caribbean

30 Lend-Lease Act 1941 Let the British borrow military equipment
FURTHER READING: FDR Press Conference December 17, 1940 Photo by peasap

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32 FIRST PEACETIME DRAFT in United States History
Selective Service Act 1940 FIRST PEACETIME DRAFT in United States History President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Selective Service Training Act.

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34 America First Committee
Charles Lindbergh addresses an America First Rally

35

36 Peace? or Prejudice?

37 Excerpt from a Lindbergh Speech
“The three most important groups who have been pressing this country toward war are the British, the Jewish and the Roosevelt administration.” -- Charles Lindbergh September 11, 1941

38 Things Got Ugly... CLICK the pamphlet cover to read more!

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40 A Campaign Promise “And while I am talking to you mothers and fathers, I give you one more assurance. I have said this before, but I shall say it again and again and again: Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars!” -- FDR (10/30/1940)

41 Germany Invades Russia (1941)
Germany’s invasion of Russia drew the Soviets into the war on the side of Great Britain.

42 The Situation: 1941 The Allies The Axis Neutral Occupied

43 Europe (1941)

44 The U.S. Enters the War

45 The Japanese Empire

46 Three Days Before Pearl Harbor

47 Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941

48 A date which will live in infamy…

49 December, 1941 The Allies The Axis Neutral WAR WAR WAR Occupied

50 “Before we're through with them, the Japanese language will be spoken only in hell.”
-- Adm. “Bull” Halsey (12/8/1941)

51 Start your PROPAGANDA engines!
Gentlemen… Start your PROPAGANDA engines!

52


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