Presentation on theme: " Grand Alliance -shaky expedient held together by the common desire to defeat the Axis Powers. *- major goal was winning World war II -The “ Big Three”"— Presentation transcript:
Grand Alliance -shaky expedient held together by the common desire to defeat the Axis Powers. *- major goal was winning World war II -The “ Big Three” allied leaders- Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill focus on military and peace agreement diplomacy. First diplomacy: military- Wartime unity was difficult to maintain. There were disagreements over a second military in Europe. Soviet Union complained that the American and the British were prepared to fight with our with out Russia. America and Britain wanted Russia to chooses capitalisms over communisms. Second Diplomacy: Winning peace- The allied powers wanted to establish peace with the European countries.
1939- World War II begins, America initially neutral. July 30 1941- US together with Britain and the Dutch government in exile impose trade embargo against Japan, most crucially oil December 7, 1941- Attack on Pearl Harbor. United States is attacked by Japanese forces during World War II, bringing America into the conflict. December 8 1941- Adolf Hitler grants the Krieg marine the right to sink on sight American warships August 1941- Atlantic Conference- FDR and Churchill approve the Atlantic Charter which supposed self- determination, a new perment system of general security( a new League of Nations), and the right of the people to regain government abolished by dictators January 1943-Casablanca Conference- FDR and Churchill agree to step up Pacific war, invade Sicily, increase pressure on Italy and insist on an unconditional surrender of Germany. November 1943- Teheran Conference- Allies agree to launch attacks from Russia on the east at the same time as Us and Great Britain attack from west February 1945- Yalta Conference- Stalin agreed that Poland would have free elections after the war and that the Soviets would attack Japan within three months of the collapse of Germany. April 22- San Francisco Conference- United nations C Charter approved established a Security Council with veto power for the Big Five powers. 1945- Surrender of Germany ( V-E Day) July 1945-Potsdam Conference- Pres. Truman met with Stalin and Churchill and agreed that japan must surrender or risk destruction. Atomic bomb successfully tested on July 16 and then dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 August 14, 1945- World War II ends
Born January 30 1882 Married to Eleanor Roosevelt. Franklin D. Roosevelt was the only child of his wealthy parents, James and Sara D. Roosevelt. He was educated by private tutors and elites schools. Attended law at Columbia University. In 1910, he entered politics, winning a state senate seat as a Democrat in the heavily Republican Duchess County. Became the 32 nd president of The United States. Know for his “Alphabet soup” New Deal recovery plans. Declared war on Japan on December 7, 1941.
Franklin D. Roosevelt Developed the Good Neighbor Policy withdrawing American forces from Latin American countries and respecting their sovereignty more Supported the case for intervention in WWII through the Destroyers for Bases Agreement and Lend-Lease Act supplying ships and armament to the Allied forces Led the US into WWII after the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor in December 1941 and formulated strategy as part of the "Big Three" with Churchill and Stalin to defeat the Axis powers. Relocated 100,000 Japanese American civilians into internment camps in 1942 Endorsed the creation of the United Nations and the Bretton Woods system of monetary management among states Truman Forced Japanese surrender in 1945 through the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Assisted in the founding of the United Nations Issued the Truman Doctrine to contain communism Passed the $13 billion Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe, including the Axis Powers of both World Wars Supported and recognized the state of Israel when it declared itself a nation Oversaw the Berlin Airlift in 1948 and the creation of NATO in 1949 Sent U.S. troops into Korea after the communist North invaded the South and while gaining UN approval for the war