U.S. President Truman chose to drop an atomic bomb on Japan to prevent more casualties in an invasion. Aug. 6 th – 1 st A-bomb dropped on Hiroshima. Aug. 9 th – 2 nd A-bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. Aug. 14 th – Japanese government surrendered. Aug. 15 th – V-J Day celebrated by Allies.
Japan had planned to attack the Panama Canal since it was a trade center for the Allies – the war ended before the attack.
Communist/Soviet satellite nations – Poland, Czechoslovakia, Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania Germany was divided into 2 sections – East Germany was communist Churchill said “…an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.”
Policy to prevent spread of communism Truman Doctrine (1947) – US aid to Turkey and Greece to prevent communism Marshall Plan (1947) – aid to Western Europe for economic recovery and to prevent communism Berlin Airlift (1948) – Soviets closed off Berlin to the West; Allies drop food and medicine and the blockade is removed