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Battle of the Atlantic Mark Belianski, Meghan Hennedy, Sankalp Katta, Kartik Mahajan, Shilpa Narayanan “... the only thing that ever really frightened.

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Presentation on theme: "Battle of the Atlantic Mark Belianski, Meghan Hennedy, Sankalp Katta, Kartik Mahajan, Shilpa Narayanan “... the only thing that ever really frightened."— Presentation transcript:

1 Battle of the Atlantic Mark Belianski, Meghan Hennedy, Sankalp Katta, Kartik Mahajan, Shilpa Narayanan “... the only thing that ever really frightened me during the war was the U-boat peril.” -Winston Churchill

2 Background ● Germany does not have the same naval power as Allied power o Goal is to destroy Ally foreign supplies in order to prevent the army

3 Thesis The Battle of the Atlantic allowed for the Allies to secure convoy routes between Britain/France and the United States; this ultimately strengthened their defense and attack mechanisms to help win the war against the Axis.

4 Who fought the battle? V.S.

5 Axis Aims in the war 1.Force British Surrender 2.Prevent Allies from securing convoy routes in the Atlantic

6 Allies’ Goals 1.Blockade Axis Europe 2.Secure sea movements 3.Acquire and maintain the ability to project military forces overseas

7 Timeline 09/1939 Start of Battle of Atlantic 09/ /1940 1st Phase- Interception of Ally ships 06/ /1941 U boats directed against Britsh 05/ /1941 3rd Phase- U boat released for antisubmarine operations 01-07/1942 4th Phase- Entry of US into the war after the Japanese attack 07/ /1943 5th Phase- US switches U-boats back to Atlantic route th Phase- Allies try to block U-boat transit in Bay of Biscay 09/ /1945 7/8th Phase- Germans attempt to use weapons and Allies invade Normandy

8 ● Submarines ● Known as Wolfpacks ● Extremely effective at destroying its target ● Donitz lead the operations German U-Boats

9 Admiral General Karl Dönitz ● Promoted to Commodore and was given full command of German U-Boats in January of 1939 ● Believed that a campaign dedicated to sinking British merchant ships would knock Britain out of any future wars ● Liked to attack at night on the surface Important People

10 ● Effective blockade set up by Britain and France ● U-Boats intercepted Merchant ships and sank them ● Karl Donitz oversaw the U-Boats and their operations The Beginning (Autumn Fall of France)

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12 ● US, though technically neutral, was helping Britain o US Provided Britain with essential materials  Food, Raw materials, Ammunition, Tanks, etc.  Cash-and-Carry  Britain couldn’t pay for materials so they set up lend-lease system  Britain received aid from Canada as well Lend-Lease Act (1941)

13 THE U-BOAT PERIL(September 1939 to May 1940) -Battle began at start of British Involvement in war -Submarine U-30 sinks British Passenger ships 1,100 dead Location of First Attacks

14 DEMO

15 ● Britain lost a significant Naval Power in France ● Italian and German Onslaught blockaded Suez canal and Mediterranean route o Alternative route around the Cape of Good Hope ● North Atlantic route becomes important May-June 1940 (Fall of France)

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17 British at this stage -Falling apart and needing help

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19 ● United States enters war officially o American convoy ships were unguarded o U-Boats saw these unguarded ships and attacked them United States Entry (Fall of 1941)

20 ● Help from Canada’s expanding military came just in time o Canadian naval and air forces filled void left in North Atlantic by the departure of U.S. forces to the Caribbean and Pacific Canadian+US Assistance (1942)

21 Important People Winston Churchill ● Was Prime Minister in Great Britain throughout WWII ● Worked with U.S. President Roosevelt and Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin to create Allied war strategies ● Said that the Battle of the Atlantic was the only time he thought Britain would surrender (due to the intimidating German U-Boats) ● Regarded as one of the best statesmen of the 20th century

22 ● Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt planned strategy at the Casablanca conference o Introduction of new naval forces and different tactics gave the Allies an Upper hand ● Germany was defeated in May Casablanca Conference and the End of the War(1943)

23 DEMO

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25 ● Allied victory o The Allies had incredibly superior resources in shipbuilding and aircraft production o Anti-submarine detection equipment and weapons o Allied signals intelligence crucial to victory o 785 U-boats sunk ● Longest campaign in WWII o Total of 69 months Results of the Battle

26 Impact of the Battle ● Britain/France and the U.S. had routes to exchange weaponry. o It was difficult for the Germans to attack on Britain/France. ● Role of the Atlantic fleets of U.S. Navy and Royal Navy rose to significance o Supported Operation Overlord and D-Day

27 Works Cited Axelrod, Alan. “Battle of the Atlantic.” Encyclopedia of World War II, Vol. 1. New York: Facts On File, Modern World History Online. Web. 16 Mar Battle of the Atlantic. Digital image. Grognard. Grognard, n.d. Web. 16 Mar Hickman, Kennedy. “Battle of the Atlantic.” About Education. About.com, n.d. Web. 14 Mar Hickman, Kennedy. "Karl Doenitz - Bio of World War II German Naval Commander." About Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar History.com Staff. "Winston S. Churchill." History.com. A&E Television Networks, Web. 18 Mar Macpherson, Ken, and John Burgess. “Battle of the Atlantic.” Maritime Command Museum. Maritime Command Museum, n.d. Web. 16 Mar Milner, Marc. “Battle of the Atlantic World War II.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 19 Mar Polmar, Norman, and Thomas B. Allen. World War II: The Encyclopedia of the War Years, New York: Random House, Print. Rohwer, Jürgen. “Battle of the Atlantic.” World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, n.d. Web. 16 Mar Theil, Anne. Convoy System. Digital image. PBWorks. PBWorks, n.d. Web. 16 Mar


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