Presentation on theme: "Ms. Martin 11th Grade History"— Presentation transcript:
1Ms. Martin 11th Grade History World War II LeadersMs. Martin11th Grade HistoryNext Slide
2Table of Contents QUIZ! Click to Begin! Franklin D. Roosevelt Harry TrumanWinston ChurchillCharles de GualleJoseph StalinAdolf HitlerBenito MussoliniQUIZ!
3President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1938: Aided the British and the Chinese through strong diplomatic support, but remained officially neutral.“Arsenal Democracy”: his goal to supply the Allies with munitionsProvided lend-lease aid to the countries fighting Nazi Germany with BritainNext Slide
4President Franklin D. Roosevelt Declared war on Japan after the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harborimplemented an overall war strategy on two fronts that ended in the defeat of the Axis Powers and the development of the world's first atom bombMain Menu
5President Harry Truman Became president after the death of FDROne month after inauguration, the Allies officially beat the Axis PowersDid not learn of the Manhattan Project, the making of the atomic bomb, until his first day as presidentTruman authorized the use of atomic weapons against JapanNext Slide
6President Harry Truman August 6, 1945: a uranium-filled atomic bomb called Little Boy was dropped on HiroshimaAugust 9, 1945: A plutonium implosion-type bomb called Fat Man was dropped on NagasakiThe Japanese surrendered on August 14Main Menu
7Winston Churchill States, securing valuable supplies and support Appointed First Lord of the Admiralty and a member of the War Cabinet, as he had been during the first part of the First World War for BritainWanted the pre-emptive occupation of the neutral Norwegian, but Chamberlain and the rest of the Cabinet disagreed, causing Germany to gain Norway. This lead to Chamberlain resigning and Churchill being named prime minister.Next Slide
8Winston Churchill First to realize the growing threat of Hitler Rallied the British and lifted their spirits constantlyOrganized the war effort and created a Minister of DefenseMaintained great relationship with the United StatesMain Menu
9Charles De Gualle Only a colonel when the Second World War broke out Moved up in ranks and was appointed Under Secretary of State for National Defense and War and was to coordinate with the United KingdomWas against the French’s armistice proposal with Nazi Germany and fled the country with 100,000 gold francsDenounced the French’s decision and organized the Free French Forces from the forces already deployed and the other people that fled with him, caused him to be tried and sentenced to death for treasonNext Slide
10Charles De GualleChurchill housed him and his family and the Allies stared to recognize his forcesAmerica and Roosevelt remained skepticalOverly concerned with just France’s agenda and not the rest of the Allies caused deteriorating relationshipsDid in fact help to liberate one third of the country with the rest of his forces and aided the AlliesMain Menu
11Joseph StalinHad the Soviet Union enter into a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany after a failed attempt to sign an anti-German alliance with Great Britain and the U.S.1941: Germany broke the pact, invading the Soviet Union, and Stalin joined the war on the side of the Allies.Next Slide
12Joseph StalinStopped German advances with his Red Army and captured BerlinStalin headed the Soviet delegations at the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences, which drew the map of post-war EuropeMain Menu
13Adolf Hitler Major aggressor in the war Ended alliance with China and formed one with JapanMarch 12, 1938: declared Austria to be one with Nazi GermanyInvade Prague and Poland, setting the war in motion.Occupied most of Europe and North AfricaSaw Britain as their biggest enemyNext Slide
14Adolf HitlerPath to defeat when he broke his pact with the Soviet Union and invaded Russia causing his army to greatly suffer in the cold winter.Allies slowly reversed Hitler’s gains and he lost the warHitler's supremacist and racially motivated policies resulted in the systematic murder of eleven million people, including nearly six million Jews.Main Menu
15Benito MussoliniJune 10, 1940: led Italy into WWII on the side of the Axis only after it looked as if France would be completely defeated.Thought he would be able to gain new territories after the French collapsedJuly 24, 2943: defeated in vote as the Grand Council of Fascism shortly after the Allied invasion of Italy and was arrested.Next Slide
16Benito MussoliniWas rescued and led the Italian Social Republic in parts of Italy that were not occupied by Allied forcesWith total defeat looming, he tried to escape to the North but was captured and executed by Italian partisansMain Menu
17Review Question Who ordered the drop of the atomic bombs on Japan? Franklin D. RooseveltHarry TrumanWinston Churchill
18GOOD EFFORT!Franklin D. Roosevelt is not the answer. He led the United States into the war. The atomic bombs were a few years later and decisively ended the war.CLICK HERE TO TRY AGAIN!
19GREAT JOB!President Harry Truman is the answer! He authorized the dropping of two atomic bombs on Japan only after it was clear that Germany was already defeatedNext Slide
20NICE TRY!Winston Churchill is not the answer. He was a member of the British government. The atomic bombs were the United States’ doing.CLICK HERE TO TRY AGAIN!
21Congratulations! You have completed the powerpoint! CLICK PICTURE TO RETURN TO BEGINNING