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Microinsurance and MFIs Craig Churchill Microinsurance Innovation Facility International Labour Organization.

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Presentation on theme: "Microinsurance and MFIs Craig Churchill Microinsurance Innovation Facility International Labour Organization."— Presentation transcript:

1 Microinsurance and MFIs Craig Churchill Microinsurance Innovation Facility International Labour Organization

2 Outline of the presentation 1.Should an MFI offer microinsurance? 2.If so, through what institutional structure? 3.If they partner with an insurance company, how to manage that relationship effectively? 4.What products should the MFI offer? 5.Concluding thoughts

3 1. Should MFIs offer insurance? Commercial Lower credit risk Enhance client retention Bolster product profitability Diversify income streams Reach out to new markets Social Help clients to reduce their vulnerability Improve client welfare For those that do, their primary motivations are:

4 Inefficient or expensive way of addressing the risk of client death Requires a different skill sets from savings and credit Do not want to be distracted from core competencies Wise to separate credit and insurance risks Possible reasons for not offering insurance: 1. Should MFIs offer insurance?

5 Reinsurer Risk Carrier Policyholders (low-income households) Delivery Channel Administration platform Broker Microinsurance supply chain 2. Institutional options

6 1.Self-insurance 2.Partner-agent model 3.Microinsurance broker 4.Create an insurance company 2. Institutional options

7 1.Self-insurance a)only for basic products b)if the MFI has > 10K clients c)and technical assistance d)and catastrophe cover for large losses 2.Partner-agent model 3.Microinsurance broker 4.Create an insurance company 2. Institutional options

8 3. Making the Partner- agent model work 1.Tell them what you want 2.Choose a trustworthy insurer 3.Involve the insurer in understanding customer needs 4.Manage claims* 5.Create a review committee

9 3. Making the Partner- agent model work 6. Eliminate exclusions 7. Maintain and analyse data 8. Determine the costs 9. Own the clients 10. Share the profits

10 4. Products Credit life Perhaps the best opportunity to expose large number of low-income people to insurance It is a lost opportunity if they did not know that they were covered, or if they had a bad experience with the product It needs to cover more than just the loan to increase the chances that policyholders will have a positive experience with it

11 Integrated vs. stand-alone products More efficient to “piggyback” insurance transaction onto another transaction Link with credit limits value because people do not always want to be in debt Links with savings have high potential Does the MFI want to develop the capacity to deliver stand-alone insurance products? 4. Products

12 Health Often the product for which there is the greatest demand Illnesses can cause a significant problem for the MFI’s loan portfolio If MFIs do offer health, perhaps focus on more basic products like hospital cash Can MFIs offer health savings accounts for small, frequent health expenses? 4. Products

13 Insurance for the MFI? MFIs should consider their broader insurance needs when negotiating with insurers If frontline employees have the same coverage, it will be easier for them sell it to clients Other coverage to consider: vehicles, property, fidelity, money storage and handling 4. Products

14 5. Concluding thoughts MFIs need to: Reflect on their objectives Develop in-house expertise Actively manage their microinsurance scheme, even in a P-A model, because their reputation is at risk Consider how ensure that low-income households appreciate insurance and are willing to pay for additional benefits Persuade front line staff that insurance provides value for clients and the MFI

15 Thank you! Craig Churchill Tel A member of the


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