Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.” -Winston Churchill “From Stettin in the Baltic.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.” -Winston Churchill “From Stettin in the Baltic."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.” -Winston Churchill “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.” -Winston Churchill SONG FOR THE DAY: COLD AS ICE Daily Comment & Card TRUMAN DOCTRINE -Proposal that the U.S. must bolster the deeds of free people resisting Communism -$400 million appropriated for aid to Greece and Turkey to fight Communism’s spread -Supported “containment” as a response to the Cold War 1947

3 “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.” -Winston Churchill “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.” -Winston Churchill SONG FOR THE DAY: ICE ICE BABY Daily Comment & Card KOREAN WAR - Korean (taken from Japan at end of WWII) was divided at the 38 th parallel between the Soviet Union and the U.S. -North Korea invaded South Korea and the UN sent in troops -General MacArthur led the forces and pushed the North Koreans back so far the Chinese began to send in troops. -Mac Arthur was removed from command -Cease-fire called in July

4 “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.” -Winston Churchill “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.” -Winston Churchill SONG FOR THE DAY: COLD AS ICE Daily Comment & Card KOREAN WAR - Korea (taken from Japan at end of WWII) was divided at the 38 th parallel between the Soviet Union and the U.S. -North Korea invaded South Korea and the UN sent in troops -General MacArthur led the forces and pushed the North Koreans back so far the Chinese began to send in troops. -Mac Arthur was removed from command -Cease-fire called in July TRUMAN DOCTRINE -Proposal that the U.S. must bolster the deeds of free people resisting Communism -$400 million appropriated for aid to Greece and Turkey to fight Communism’s spread -Supported “containment” as a response to the Cold War 1947

5 IX.THE COLD WAR A. ORIGINS OF THE KOREAN WAR B. THE COLD WAR HEATS UP C. THE KOREAN WAR D. PANIC AT HOME E. THE SYMBOL OF THE COLD WAR

6 WINSTON CHURCHILL FIRST USED THIS TERM IN A. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR TENSION AFTER WW2 BETWEEN U.S. AND SOVIET UNION BECAME KNOWN AS THE COLD WAR. IRON CURTAIN 1. EUROPE DIVIDED 2

7 WE BOTH SAW THE WORLD IN BLACK OR WHITE—NO GRAY. WE USED THE TWO CAMP THEORY. SOVIETS-EASTERN EUROPE U.S.-WESTERN EUROPE SOVIETS CONCERNED WITH SECURITY, WE SEE IT AS WORLD DOMINATION. 3

8 2. THE ATOMIC PROBLEM WE BOTH HAD OUR OWN SELF INTEREST IN MIND. THIS WAS THE MOST CRUCIAL QUESTION AFTER THE WAR. 4 THEN IN 1949 EVERYTHING CHANGED!! THE SOVIETS TESTED THEIR OWN ATOMIC BOMB. “joe one”

9 3. CONTAINMENT -KEEP COMMUNISM FROM SPREADING. -WE USED IT FIRST WITH GREECE AND TURKEY. -TRUMAN & “SCARE HELL OUT OF AMERICAN PEOPLE” -OUR FIRST PRIORITY 5

10 B. THE COLD WAR HEATS UP 1. THE MARSHALL PLAN NO COMMIES 6 -NAMED AFTER SECRETARY OF STATE GEORGE MARSHALL, -OFFERED FINANCIAL AID TO EUROPE COST= $13 BILLION TO REVITALIZE WESTERN EUROPE & STIMULATE OUR ECONOMY.

11 2. NATO (1949) NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION *NATO WAS HOW WE GOT INVOLVED IN VIETNAM 7 3. THE FALL OF CHINA CHIANG KAI SHEK VS. MAO ZEDONG chiangmao WE DID NOT RECONGNIZE THE NEW CHINESE GOVERNEMENT UNTIL NIXON WAS IN OFFICE IN 1971.

12 4. BERLIN BLOCKADE & AIRLIFT 8 THE SOVIET RESPONSE TO NATO WAS TO CUT OFF ACCESS TO BERLIN FROM JUNE 1948 TO MAY THE U.S. RESPONDED TO THE BLOCKADE BY AIRLIFTING SUPPLIES TO BERLIN. FOR 321 DAYS WE FLEW ALL NEEDED SUPPLIES INTO BERLIN.

13 5. ON THE HOMEFRONT CONGRESS ON COMMIE HUNT WITH HOUSE UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES COMMITTEE (HUAC) HOLLYWOOD STUDIOS BLACKLISTED THOSE WHO SPOKE OUT. 9

14 SPIES?! -ALGER HISS (STATE DEPT) -JULIUS & ETHEL ROSENBERG. HISS WAS FOUND GUILTY OF PERJURY AND THE ROSENBERGS WERE EXECUTED. In 1997 The National Security Agency released the VENONA PAPERS—they showed decoded messages sent by the Soviet Intelligence in the 1940s and named Americans who had spied for the Soviet Union. Included in the list was Julius Rosenberg.

15 SOVIET TEST ATOMIC BOMB FORMATION OF NATO FALL OF CHINA BERLIN BLOCKADE 11

16 A. THE KOREAN WAR THE COLD WAR TURNED “HOT” HERE FROM , AFTER WORLD WAR II KOREA HAD BEEN DIVIDED AT THE 38 TH Parallel. AMERICA OCCUPIED THE SOUTH WHILE THE SOVIET ARMY OCCUPIED THE NORTH. IN JUNE 1950, NORTH KOREA CROSSED THE LINE AND ENTERED SOUTH KOREA. 13

17 A U.N. FORCE HEADED BY GENERAL DOUGLAS MACARTHUR PUSHED THE NORTH KOREANS TOO CLOSE TO CHINA AND SOON CHINESE FORCES BECAME INVOLVED. OUR TROOPS WERE PUSHED BACK. TRUMAN ENDED UP FIRING MACARTHUR. STILL, THE COMMUNISTS WERE PUSHED BACK BEHIND THE 38 TH PARALLEL; THEY WERE “CONTAINED.” 14

18 THE KOREAN WAR INCREASED DEFENSE SPENDING-- BY 1960 WE HAD A STRONG MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX EMPLOYING MILLIONS. THE FIGHTING RESULTED IN A RETURN TO PREWAR BORDERS. SOME PEOPLE SAW THIS AS A FAILURE. 15

19 IKE ENDS WAR… -HERO OF WORLD WAR II/ SEEN AS CREDIBLE --HIS POLICY IS “MASSIVE RETALIATION” -THE THREAT OF THE BOMB IS THERE… -STALIN DIES… EISENHOWER WAS ELECTED IN 1952 WITH A PROMISE TO GO TO KOREA AND END THE WAR. 16

20 KOREA -FIRST LIMITED WAR OF NUCLEAR AGE -FIRST ATTEMPT TO ENFORCE POLICY OF CONTAINMENT -TRUMAN INTEGRATES THE ARMED FORCES(exec order 9981) 17

21 M*A*S*H WAS ABOUT KOREA (NOT VIETNAM)!!! 18

22 B.THE COLD WAR CONTINUES 1. MCCARTHYISM CONTINUED FEAR OF COMMUNIST EXPANSION LED MANY PEOPLE TO BELIEVE CLAIMS BY SENATOR JOSEPH MCCARTHY THAT COMMUNISTS HAD INFILTRATED THE GOVERNMENT. MCCARTHY MADE LOTS OF ACCUSATIONS, BUT NEVER ANY PROOF… 19

23 HE WENT TOO FAR WHEN HE ACCUSED THE ARMY AT HEARING THAT WERE TELEVISED AND WATCHED BY MILLIONS OF AMERICANS. 20

24 2. BRINKMANSHIP EISENHOWER CONTINUED TRUMAN’S POLICY OF CONTAINMENT AND LED THE U.S. IN AN ARMS RACE FOR SUPERIOR WEAPONRY. USING A POLICY KNOWN AS BRINKMANSHIP, HE WENT TO THE EDGE OF WAR TO PROTECT OUR INTERESTS. THE U.S. TESTED THE SOVIET UNION IN A STANDOFF TO SEE WHO WOULD “BLINK” FIRST. “MASSIVE RETALIATION” 21

25 3. SPUTNIK WHEN THE SOVIET UNION LAUNCHED SPUTNIK, THE FIRST ARTIFICIAL SATELLITE TO ORBIT THE EARTH, THE U.S. REALIZED THE EXTENT OF SOVIET TECHNOLOGY. ONCE AGAIN, AMERICANS FREAKED OUT… WE BEGAN MASSIVE EDUCATIONAL PUSHES IN MATH AND SCIENCE. 22

26 4. U-2 INCIDENT OUR ATTEMPTS TO SPY ON THE SOVIETS LED TO WHAT BECAME KNOWN AS THE U-2 INCIDENT. OUR SPY PLANE WAS SHOT DOWN OVER SOVIET TERRITORY. WE COULD NOT DENY IT—THEY HAD OUR PILOT (FRANCIS GARY POWERS) AS PRISONER. 23

27 BAY OF PIGS INVASION HAD BEEN IN 1961 SPONSORED BY CIA KENNEDY SENDS NO HELP 6-7

28 5. CUBAN MISSLE CRISIS  IN 1959, A COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT WAS ESTABLISHED IN CUBA.  WE FEARED COMMUNISM WOULD SPREAD THROUGHOUT LATIN AMERICA.  WHEN WE DISCOVERED SOVIETS SECRETLY BUILDING BASES FOR NUCLEAR MISSILES IN CUBA (AIMED AT THE U.S.) WE FREAKED OUT. 24

29 PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY IMPOSED A NAVAL BLOCKADE AROUND CUBA. AFTER SEVERAL TENSE DAYS AND WIDE-SPREAD PANIC OVER IMPENDING NUCLEAR WAR (OCT 1962), SOVIET LEADER NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV WITHDREW THE MISSLES (WE PROMISED NEVER TO INVADE CUBA & REMOVED SOME MISSILES FROM GREECE AND TURKEY). 25

30 BY THE END OF THE FIFTIES, IT WAS CLEAR THAT THE PEACE WE WANTED AFTER WORLD WAR II WAS GONE. C. THE SYMBOL OF THE COLD WAR THE MOST VISIBLE SYMBOL OF THE DIVISION BETWEEN THE U.S. AND THE SOVIET UNION WOULD BE THE BERLIN WALL WHICH WENT UP DURING THE SIXTIES AND DID NOT COME DOWN UNTIL


Download ppt "“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.” -Winston Churchill “From Stettin in the Baltic."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google