Presentation on theme: "Winston Churchill. Winston Churchill (1874 - 1965) Statesman, Politician, leader Sir Winston Churchill Churchill was a politician and wartime prime minister."— Presentation transcript:
Winston Churchill (1874 - 1965) Statesman, Politician, leader Sir Winston Churchill Churchill was a politician and wartime prime minister who led Britain to victory in World War Two. 30 November 1874 born at Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire. Churchill attended the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, before embarking on an army career. 1895-1898 he took part in three campaigns: Spain’s struggle in Cuba, the North-West Frontier campaign in India and the Sudan campaign. 1901 Churchill became Conservative member of parliament for Oldham. But he became disaffected with his party. 1904 joined the Liberal Party.
1905 When the Liberals won the election, Churchill was appointed undersecretary at the Colonial Office. 1908 he entered the Cabinet as president of the Board of Trade 1910 became home secretary. 1911 became first lord of the Admiralty. He held this post in the first months of World War One but after the disastrous Dardanelles expedition, for which he was blamed, he resigned. He joined the army, serving for a time on the Western Front. 1917 he was back in government as minister of munitions( 军需处 ). 1919 -1921 secretary of state for war and air, 1924-1929 chancellor of the exchequer. 1931 He resigned office
The next decade were his ‘wilderness years’, in which his opposition to Indian self-rule and his support for Edward VIII during the ‘Abdication （退位） Crisis' made him unpopular, while his warnings about the rise of Nazi Germany and the need for British rearmament were ignored. 1939, Churchill became first lord of the Admiralty. 1940, Neville Chamberlain resigned as prime minister and Churchill took his place. His refusal to surrender to Nazi Germany inspired the country. He worked tirelessly throughout the war, building strong relations with US President Roosevelt while maintaining a sometimes difficult alliance with the Soviet Union. 1945 Churchill lost power in the post-war election but remained leader of the opposition, voicing apprehensions about the Cold War and encouraging European and trans-Atlantic unity. 1951, he became prime minister again. 1955, He resigned in but remained an MP until shortly before his death. 24 January 1965 Churchill died and was given a state funeral.
Writer As well as his many political achievements, he left a legacy of an impressive number of publications and in 1953 won the Nobel Prize for Literature. The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898) The River War (1899). London to Ladysmith (1900). Liberalism and the Social Problem (1909). The Second World War, (1948-1954) History of the English Speaking Peoples. (1956-1958)
Orator While Winston Churchill is best remembered as a statesman, politician and world leader who saved the world from Nazi domination in the dark days of 1940, throughout his life he cared for his family and sustained his lifestyle through use of the pen. His books and speeches were numerous and, generally, memorable and have led to a plethora （大量） of quotations and witticisms( 妙语 ) from which one might be able to select just the right quotation for almost any occasion.
Famous quotations of Winston Churchill Never Give In" The speech was made 29 October 1941 to the boys at Churchill's old public [private] school, Harrow--not Oxford or Cambridge:"Never give in--never, never, never, never, in nothing great or small, large or petty, never give in except to convictions of honour and good sense. Never yield to force; never yield to the apparently overwhelming might of the enemy.'‘ "This is not the end." "This is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning." Speech given at the Lord Mayor's Luncheon, Mansion House, London, November 10, 1942. See more on www. winstonchurchill. org
Never Give In, Never, Never, Never October 29, 1941 Harrow School When Churchill visited Harrow on October 29 to hear the traditional songs again, he discovered that an additional verse had been added to one of them. It ran: "Not less we praise in darker days The leader of our nation, And Churchill's name shall win acclaim From each new generation. For you have power in danger's hour Our freedom to defend, Sir! Though long the fight we know that right Will triumph in the end, Sir!
Main Idea of the Text This text is an inspiring speech made by Winston Churchill, great Britain ’ s ex-Prime Minister and famous orator, to encourage the people to fight against their enemies when he visited Harrow School on October 29,1941, during the Second World War.
Rhetorical features: To make the speech eloquent and encouraging, Churchill used many rhetorical devices: Repetition Metaphor Antonym Can you quickly pick out some of the examples in the text?
Part Ⅰ (Paragraphs 1) In this part, Churchill reviewed the great events that had happened in the world, particularly in Great Britain. Then he led the audience to the intention of this visit--- to encourage the British people to keep on fighting against the Fascists. Questions: What was Churchill ’ s intention of singing some of their songs?
Catastrophic Eg. Because Europe has gone through two catastrophic world wars. 因为欧洲经历了两次世界大战的灾难。 the consequences of an event (especially a catastrophic event). 某件事的结果，特别指灾难性的事件。 Be certain that you are not underinsured against catastrophic illness. 一定要为大病办理充足的保险 ups and downs : a mixture of good things and bad things eg The organization has experienced its ups and downs since it was founded in 1999. Sitting beside the window, he recalled the ups and downs of his parenthood.
menace: 1 : a show of intention to inflict harm : THREAT 2 a : one that represents a threat : DANGERTHREATDANGER b : a person who causes annoyance he spoke with desperate menace. 他用恐吓的语气和我们讲话。 The menace of nuclear war. 核战争之威胁 That boy's a little menace. 那个男孩是个小捣蛋。 Turn up to happen unexpectedly; to increase the speed, volume, intensity, or flow of; to find or to be found Eg. Something turned up and I have to go back. 好几个老朋友出现在聚会上。 Several old friends turned up at the reunion. He turned up the missing money under the pillow. 他在枕头下面找到了丢失的钱。
Part II (Paragraphs 2-5) In this part, Churchill concentrated on the purpose of his speech to inspire the people all over the country to maintain the relentless spirit of this nation and to fight for the final victory of this great war. Language: Impostor: one that assumes false identity or title for the purpose of deception e.g. This man is an impostor, who have stolen my throne. I wasn ’ t surprised when he turned out to be an impostor; something about his manner struck a false note with me. Liquidate to get rid of; destroy or kill. e.g. The opposition leaders were liquidated on the orders of the dictator. 反对派的领导人都被独裁者下令杀害了。 Liquid assets 流动资产 Liquidate: to pay a debt 清偿债务，清理资产 Liquidize: v. to crush (esp. fruit or vegetables) into a liquid-like form.
Flinch: vt & vi. to withdraw or shrink from or as if from pain; to tense the muscles involuntarily in anticipation of discomfort. e.g. We will never flinch from difficulties. 我们不应该逃避生活的责任。 We didn ’ t flinch but gave our lives to save Greece (Simonides) Persevere: vi. to persist in a state, enterprise, or undertaking in spite of counterinfluences, opposition, or discouragementpersist e.g. To persevere means victory! Talent is worthless unless you persevere in developing it. 除非你坚持不懈的发展天赋，否则它是没有价值的。 if you persevere with the work, you ’ ll succeed in the end.
Part III (Paragraphs 6-8) In this concluding part, by changing a word in the traditional verse of the school song, Churchill expressed his conviction that this nation was determined to fight for the victory of this great war. Language: Venture: to undertake the risks and dangers of Stern: having a definite hardness or severity of nature or manner : : expressive of severe displeasure