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CHAPTER 26 World War II The West Encounters and Transformations Levack/Muir/Veldman/Maas Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 26 World War II The West Encounters and Transformations Levack/Muir/Veldman/Maas Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 26 World War II The West Encounters and Transformations Levack/Muir/Veldman/Maas Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007

2 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The Coming of War II. Europe at War, III. The World at War, IV. The War Against the Jews V. The Home Front

3 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The Coming of War A. An Uneasy Peace Versailles Treaty Nationalism League of Nations B. The 1930's Great Depression Japan Nationalism Takes Manchuria, 1931 Rape of Nanking Ethiopia Italy invades, 1935 Haile Selassie ( ) exiled League of Nations takes no action

4 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The Coming of War B. The 1930's Hitler Violations of Versailles Treaty Rome-Berlin axis, 1936 Mussolini Anschluss, Austria Sudetan Land Germans in Poland Munich Agreement Neville Champerlain ( ) `Edouard Daladier Hitler given Sudetan Land German-Soviet Non-aggression pact C. Evaluating Appeasement Fear of war Bombing Experience in Ethiopia, Spain British Peace Pledge Union, 1934

5 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 II. Europe at War, Winston Churchill ( ) A. Changed Warfare Motorized infantry Tanks Air Luftwaffe Blitzkrieg Denmark, Norway, Spring, 1940 Belgium, Netherlands, May Dunkirk Britain, France cornered Royal Air Force v. Luftwaffe Evacuation Vichy France Philippe Pétain ( ) Armistice Battle of Britain From July, 1940

6 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 II. Europe at War, B. Invasion of the Soviet Union Postponed from April to June, 1941 Mussolini North Africa, July, 1940 Erwin Rommel ( ) Against Britain in North Africa Into Russia June 22, 1941 Kiev and Leningrad, by October Hitler delayed

7 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The World at War, A. Globalization United States Neutral Lend-Lease Act, March, 1941 Japan Guam, Wake, Hong Kong, December, 1941 Pearl Harbor, December 10, 1941 Malaya, Singapore, Indonesia, Burma, Philippines, by May, 1942 Hitler declares war on U.S., December 11, 1941

8 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The World at War, A. Globalization Japan Guam, Wake, Hong Kong, December, 1941 Pearl Harbor, December 10, 1941 By May, 1942 Malaya, Singapore, Indonesia, Burma, Philippines Hitler declares war on U.S., December 11, 1941

9 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The World at War, B. Turning Point Midway Island Japan attacks, June, 1942 Japanese fleet destroyed El Alamein Mussolini from Libya into Egypt, September, 1940 Pushed out by Britain Hitler joins Mussolini Field Marshall Montgomery El Alamein, October, 1942 Germany out of North Africa by April, 1943 Stalingrad November to January 30, 1943

10 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The World at War, B. Turning Point Italy Allies into Sicily, July, 1943 Mussolini out Eastern Front Russia into Poland, Spring, 1944 Berlin, February, 1945 D-Day, June 6, 1944 Britain, U.S., Canada

11 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The World at War, C. The Air War, the Atom Bomb Cologne destroyed, May, 1942 Hamburg, firestorm, 1943 Manhattan Project Britain, U.S., Canada Roosevelt, Churchill, October, 1941 Opposition Dwight Eisenhower ( ) Douglas MacArthur ( ) Admiral William Leahy ( ) Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 Nagasaki, August 8 Emperor Hirohito ( ) Surrenders on August 10

12 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The World at War, C. The Air War, the Atom Bomb Cologne destroyed, May, 1942 Hamburg, firestorm, 1943 Manhattan Project Britain, U.S., Canada Roosevelt, Churchill, October, 1941 Opposition Dwight Eisenhower ( ) Douglas MacArthur ( ) Admiral William Leahy ( ) Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 Nagasaki, August 8 Emperor Hirohito ( ) Surrenders on August 10

13 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The World at War, C. The Air War, the Atom Bomb Cologne destroyed, May, 1942 Hamburg, firestorm, 1943 Manhattan Project Britain, U.S., Canada Roosevelt, Churchill, October, 1941 Opposition Dwight Eisenhower ( ) Douglas MacArthur ( ) Admiral William Leahy ( ) Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 Nagasaki, August 8 Emperor Hirohito ( ) Surrenders on August 10

14 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 IV. The War Against the Jews A. Genocide Final Solution, 1941 Einsatzgruppen Extermination of communists and Jews B. Death Camps Wannsee Conference Adolf Eichmann ( ) Plan for death camps From 1942, trains carry Jews to camps Roma Porojmos (the Devouring) Homosexuals C. Allies' Response Knowledge of death camps from June, 1942 Nuremberg trials November 14, 1945

15 Chapter 26: World War II Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 V. The Home Front A. Resistance Warsaw ghetto Repel Germans temporarily Free French Charles De Gaulle ( ) Greece National Liberation Front National Greek Democratic Union B. Yugoslavia Croatia Fascist, from 1941 Nazi support Jews, Muslims, Serbs targeted Chetniks Serbian soldier Communists Josip Broz ( ) Tito C. Occupation Eastern Europe v. Western D. Women British Air Raid Protection Soviet Union Combat.25 million E. What Are We Fighting For? Shostakovich's Seventh Symphony (Leningrad Symphony) Film Henry V, 1944 Lawrence Olivier Neo-Realists, Italy Roberto Rossellini Open City, 1945 Reconstruction Britain, Beveridge Report Endorsed by Labour Party France De Gaulle supports reform Right discredited


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