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Modified by: Teddi Baker East Jessamine High School.

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Presentation on theme: "Modified by: Teddi Baker East Jessamine High School."— Presentation transcript:


2 Modified by: Teddi Baker East Jessamine High School

3 Neutrality Act of 1939 U.S. Congress passes this to officially declare U.S. neutrality and intention to stay out of the coming war in Europe


5 Poland Attacked: Sept. 1, 1939 Blitzkrieg [“Lightening War”]

6 German Troops March into Warsaw


8 Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, 1940 The Tripartite Pact



11 European Theater of Operations

12 The “Phoney War” Ends: Spring, 1940

13 Dunkirk Evacuated June 4, 1940

14 France Surrenders June, 1940

15 A Divided France Henri Petain

16 The French Resistance The Free French General Charles DeGaulle The Maquis

17 Now Britain Is All Alone!

18 Great Britain.........................$31 billion Soviet Union..........................$11 billion France..................................$3 billion China..................................$1.5 billion Other European......................$500 million South America.......................$400 million The amount totaled: $48,601,365,000 U. S. Lend-Lease Act, 1941

19 Lend-Lease

20 Battle of Britain: The “Blitz”


22 The London “Tube”: Air Raid Shelters during the Blitz

23 The Royal Air Force

24 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill


26 The Atlantic Charter y Roosevelt and Churchill sign treaty of friendship in August 1941. y Solidifies alliance. y Fashioned after Wilson’s 14 Points. y Calls for League of Nations type organization.

27 Operation Barbarossa: Hitler’s Biggest Mistake

28 Operation Barbarossa: June 22, 1941 y 3,000,000 German soldiers. y 3,400 tanks.


30 The “Big Three” Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin

31 December 7, 1941


33 Causes of the attack on Pearl Harbor Japan resented threats to its authority. Japan relies on trade with U.S. for natural resources. U.S. stops trade in military supplies. Japan keeps expanding. Negotiations between the two nations fail.

34 Pearl Harbor

35 Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto

36 Pearl Harbor from the Cockpit of a Japanese Pilot

37 Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941 A date which will live in infamy!

38 President Roosevelt Signs the US Declaration of War

39 USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor

40 Pearl Harbor Memorial 2,887 Americans Dead!

41 Attack on Pearl Harbor Surprise attack by 360 Japanese planes. Nearly 2,500 Americans were killed. U.S. fleet severely damaged but not destroyed.

42 Effects U.S. fleet not operational for 6 months. Americans committed to fight. U.S. declares war on Japan. Germany and Italy declare war on U.S. U.S. now fully involved in World War II.

43 Pacific Theater of Operations








51 Axis Powers in 1942

52 Battle of Stalingrad: Winter of 1942-1943 German ArmyRussian Army 1,011,500 men1,000,500 men 10,290 artillery guns13,541 artillery guns 675 tanks894 tanks 1,216 planes1,115 planes


54 The North Africa Campaign: The Battle of El Alamein, 1942 Gen. Ernst Rommel, The “Desert Fox” Gen. Bernard Law Montgomery (“Monty”)


56 The Italian Campaign [“Operation Torch”] : Europe’s “Soft Underbelly” y Allies plan assault on weakest Axis area - North Africa - Nov. 1942-May 1943 y George S. Patton leads American troops y Germans trapped in Tunisia - surrender over 275,000 troops.

57 The Battle for Sicily: June, 1943 General George S. Patton

58 George C. Scott Playing General Patton in the 1968 Movie, “Patton”

59 The Battle of Monte Casino: February, 1944


61 The Allies Liberate Rome: June 5, 1944

62 Gen. Eisenhower Gives the Orders for D-Day [“Operation Overlord”]

63 D-Day (June 6, 1944)

64 Normandy Landing (June 6, 1944 ) Higgins Landing Crafts German Prisoners


66 July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot Major Claus von Stauffenberg

67 July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot 1. Adolf Hitler 2. Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel 3. Gen Alfred von Jodl 4. Gen Walter Warlimont 5. Franz von Sonnleithner 6. Maj Herbert Buchs 7. Stenographer Heinz Buchholz 8. Lt Gen Hermann Fegelein 9. Col Nikolaus von Below 10. Rear Adm Hans-Erich Voss 11. Otto Gunsche, Hitler's adjutant 12. Gen Walter Scherff (injured) 13. Gen Ernst John von Freyend 14. Capt Heinz Assman (injured) E-mail this to a friend-mail this to a friend

68 T The Liberation of Paris: August 25, 1944 De Gaulle in Triumph!

69 U. S. Troops in Paris, 1944

70 French Female Collaborators

71 The Battle of the Bulge: Hitler’s Last Offensive Dec. 16, 1944 to Jan. 28, 1945


73 Yalta: February, 1945 y FDR wants quick Soviet entry into Pacific war. y FDR & Churchill concede Stalin needs buffer, FDR & Stalin want spheres of influence and a weak Germany. y Churchill wants strong Germany as buffer against Stalin. y FDR argues for a ‘United Nations’.

74 Mussolini & His Mistress, Claretta Petacci Are Hung in Milan, 1945

75 US & Russian Soldiers Meet at the Elbe River: April 25, 1945

76 Hitler’s “Secret Weapons”: Too Little, Too Late! V-1 Rocket: “Buzz Bomb” V-2 RocketWerner von Braun

77 Hitler Commits Suicide April 30, 1945 The F ü hrer’s Bunker Cyanide & Pistols Mr. & Mrs. Hitler

78 V-E Day (May 8, 1945) General Keitel

79 V-E Day (May 8, 1945)

80 The Code Breakers of WW II Bletchley Park The German “Enigma” Machine The Japanese “Purple” [naval] Code Machine

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