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Cyber-Terrorism & Security New Definitions For New Realities Dan Verton Vice President & Executive Editor FISSEA March 2005

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Presentation on theme: "Cyber-Terrorism & Security New Definitions For New Realities Dan Verton Vice President & Executive Editor FISSEA March 2005"— Presentation transcript:

1 Cyber-Terrorism & Security New Definitions For New Realities Dan Verton Vice President & Executive Editor FISSEA March 2005

2 2 This Is A Controversial Topic “The problem is that when you make a recommendation before [an attack] happens, people tend to think you're nuts.” “That's the kind of mind set that made it difficult for us…the institutional bureaucracy…couldn't see the threat because it hadn't happened.” Richard Clarke Testifying at 9/11 Commission Hearing, 3/24/04

3 3 Before We Do Anything… Accept the FACT that vulnerabilities open doors to the unexpected. Accept that there is NO separation between the cyber world and the physical world. Terrorism is multifaceted. Traditional definitions must be adapted to the new realities. We’ve become distracted – insider threat is real & growing. Change the way you THINK about future threats…don’t be a security APPEASER.

4 4 Appeaser According to Webster’s Dictionary: \Ap*peas"er\, n. One who appeases; a pacifier.

5 5 Appeaser According to Verton’s Dictionary: \Ap*peas"er\, n. “One who feeds a crocodile hoping it will eat him last.” –Sir Winston Churchill

6 6 What Do I Really Mean By “Appeasement?” Maybe we are growing dangerously complacent? Maybe we do underestimate our enemies? Maybe we really do think this is as bad as it can get? Maybe the threat-independent model is not how we should be approaching these issues?

7 The Vulnerability Matrix Electric Government Natural Gas 26,000 FDIC institutions 2,800 power plants 104 commercial nuclear plants 1,600 municipal wastewater facilities 2 million miles of pipelines 66,000 chemical plants 5,800 registered hospitals E-commerce 2 billion miles of cable 5,000 airports 300 maritime ports 300,000 production sites 120,000 miles of major rails 3,000 govt. facilities Home Users Broadband Connections Wireless Viruses, Worms Banking Telecom Emergency Services Chemical Rail Natural Gas Water Waste Water Transportation Oil 80,000 Dams Insiders Configuration Problems 150,000 miles transmission lines 130 overlapping grid controllers

8 8 IT Security How Important Is It Really? Not only about $… It’s about public safety too! –Railroads. –Water & Wastewater Treatment. –Uranium Mining. –Oil Wells, Water Flood Operations. –Airline Baggage Checking. –Aug. 14 Power Failure. –Online Information Control.

9 9 Defining The Future Threat = Intent + Capability Pakistani ISI Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence Hackers for Hire, Organized Crime, Disgruntled Insiders Russian FAPSI

10 10 Defining The Evidence Omar Bakri Muhammad Bin Laden's man in London Syrian-born, radical, founder of Al- Muhajirun Spokesman for the International Islamic Front, the political wing of the International Islamic Front for Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders, led by Osama bin Laden Has recruited for Hamas, Hezbollah and various groups in Afghanistan FBI memo on July 10, 2001, noted a connection between Middle Eastern men in Phoenix-area flight schools and Bakri's London-based Al- Muhajirun.

11 11 Bakri On Cyber Attacks "In a matter of time, you will see attacks on the stock market." “I would not be surprised if tomorrow I hear of a big economic collapse because of somebody attacking the main technical systems in big companies." "The third letter from Osama bin Laden…was clearly addressing using the technology in order to destroy the economy of the capitalist states. This is a matter that is very clear."

12 12 Other Evidence - Historical L’Houssaine Kherchtou, a 36-year-old Moroccan, was one of al-Qaeda’s early trainees in high-tech methods of surveillance. Teacher = Abu Mohamed al Amriki Fey Street (Peshawar) Electronics Lab run by Abu al-Alkali and Salem the Iraqi. “They found out that I don’t know anything about electronics, and they told me just to study from the beginning and to recognize...the different components.” Degree in engineering?

13 Slacke & Terr0r

14 On 8th of March F-Secure got a report of a network trojan known as "Slacke" Report came from Russia The trojan was written by a Kuwait hacker group Q8SEE Slacke & Terr0r

15 The worm downloaded additional code from a website The website was WWW.LUVZ.ST.ST is the domain of São Tomé and Príncipe Where? Slacke & Terr0r

16 São Tomé and Príncipe is small island nation off Atlantic coast of Africa

17 The Net Widens The.ST domain rights were sold to a company operating in Stockholm, Sweden According their WHOIS, was registered to: Administrative Contact Information Company Name: JordanChat Contact Name: TeRrOr Address: Irbid, 00962, irbid, IR, JO Expire date: 29 Oct, 2003

18 The Net Reaches U.S. CHAT.CNN.COM > #Noticias in Mexico

19 Slacke & Terror?

20 20 Insider Threat Why spend R&D money when you can steal it? Economic Espionage: $ hundreds of billions Four forms of insider:  Internal (current/former employees, executives)  External (contractor, maintenance, business partner)  Collaborator (external working with internal)  Rogue Ideologue (seeks hire for purpose of doing harm) Technology Complicates Internal Defenses  The Perimeter is gone!  USB devices, cell phone cameras, common configuration errors, lack of access controls, contractors, outsourcing  Places premium on automated tools, data-centric

21 21 Insider Stats

22 22 Types of Data Being Stolen Computer source code Business plans and design specifications Customer and order information databases Motorola 2-way radio specifications Newest Intel chip specifications (twice) Sales and pricing data Oil and gas well logs and software used in the analysis of the information Engineering drawings for next generation of Gillette razor systems Eng. Drawings Next Generation Space Shuttle (inside or outside??)

23 23 Case: Ramon An intellectual of sorts, highly educated, conservative in his politics, painfully introverted, somewhat arrogant and kind of a geek. Expert programmer who preferred communicating with associates through e-mail rather than in person. Hacked his employer's computer system without permission to show management that there were serious security gaps that needed to be fixed.  Robert Hanssen – The worst insider spy case in FBI history.

24 24 Insider Psychological Profile Introverted: A common characteristic of IT specialists, which can pose a significant management challenge. Frustrated: Family or social problems may be compounded by negative attitudes toward authority. Computer-dependent: Such individuals often prefer online activity to direct social interaction. Ethical flexibility: Dangerous insiders view malicious actions as justified, given their circumstances. Entitlement: Feelings of being “special” employees—for example, the only ones with the necessary training. Being overworked with no rewards can lead to a desire for revenge. Reduced loyalty: Some insiders identify with the IT/programming profession and not with the organization that employs them. Lack of empathy: The impersonal nature of cyberspace leads to a lack of regard for the impact of the perpetrators’ actions on others.

25 Final Thought – 9/11 Think Differently Security is about a lot of things, not only bits & bytes THANK YOU

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