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HISTORY 3040 CANADA AND THE WORLD Dr. Curtis Cole Trent University in Oshawa The Origins of The Cold War February 22, 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "HISTORY 3040 CANADA AND THE WORLD Dr. Curtis Cole Trent University in Oshawa The Origins of The Cold War February 22, 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 HISTORY 3040 CANADA AND THE WORLD Dr. Curtis Cole Trent University in Oshawa The Origins of The Cold War February 22, 2010

2 The Origins of the Cold War

3 Harry S. Truman U.S. Vice-President, 1945 Sam Rayburn Speaker of the House, , , The Origins of the Cold War

4 Eleanor Roosevelt The Origins of the Cold War Harry S. Truman U.S. Vice-President, 1945 President Roosevelt Died April 12, 1945

5 Harry Truman Takes the Oath of Office April 12, 1945 The Origins of the Cold War

6 Harry S. Truman, President The Origins of the Cold War

7 Atomic Bomb Dropped on Hiroshima: August, 1945

8 Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill at the Yalta Conference February, 1945 The Origins of the Cold War

9 STALIN The Origins of the Cold War

10 Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact August 23, 1939 The Origins of the Cold War

11 FDR Thought Stalin Would Negotiate The Origins of the Cold War

12 Churchill didn’t trust Stalin The Origins of the Cold War

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15 Woodrow Wilson U.S. President, The Origins of the Cold War

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18 “Containment” The Origins of the Cold War

19 Senator J. William Fulbright (D) Missouri Like two big dogs chewing on a bone. The Origins of the Cold War

20 U.S. Popular Opinion Poll: Do you trust the Russians? Sept. 1945:54% Nov. 1945:44% Feb. 1946:35% The Origins of the Cold War

21 = control over communications suppression of political opposition state-sanctioned terror concentration camps The Origins of the Cold War

22 There isn’t any difference between the totalitarian Russian government and the Hitler government. They are all alike… They are all police governments. Harry Truman 1950 The Origins of the Cold War

23 Poland The Origins of the Cold War

24 We must stand up to the Russians and not be easy with them. Harry Truman 1945 The Origins of the Cold War

25 Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov (right) with U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles The Origins of the Cold War

26 Stalin, Truman and Churchill at Potsdam, July 1945 The Origins of the Cold War

27 Atlee, Truman and Stalin at Potsdam, July 1945 The Origins of the Cold War

28 Atomic Bomb Successfully Tested Los Alamos, New Mexico - July 1945 The Origins of the Cold War

29 May, 1945: Truman orders end to Lend-Lease The Origins of the Cold War

30 Jan Stalin asked U.S. for $6 billion loan FDR stalled Aug asked for $1 billion Truman stalled The Origins of the Cold War

31 Capitalism and Communism are on a collision course. The capitalist world will soon be torn apart! The Origins of the Cold War

32 The Declaration of World War Three U.S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas The Origins of the Cold War

33 Churchill and Truman at Westminster College, Fulton, Missouri March, 1946 Iron Curtain The Origins of the Cold War

34 “Containment” George F. Kennan  U.S. Chargé d’affaires, Moscow “the Kremlin’s neurotic view of world affairs” “traditional and instinctive Russian sense of insecurity” The Origins of the Cold War

35 The whole Soviet govern- mental machine, including the mechanism of diplomacy, moves inexorably along the prescribed path, like a persistent toy automobile wound up and headed in a given direction, stopping only when it meets with some unanswerable force. George F. Kennan Foreign Affairs, 1946 The Origins of the Cold War

36 The Truman Doctrine The Origins of the Cold War

37 The Dardanelles The Origins of the Cold War

38 The Truman Doctrine I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. President Harry S. Truman March, 1947 The Origins of the Cold War

39 The Truman Doctrine a declaration of …an ideological or religious war. Bernard Baruch a strategic monstrosity Walter Lippmann The Origins of the Cold War

40 The patient is sinking while its doctors deliberate George Marshall, U.S. Secretary of State The Origins of the Cold War

41 Containment The Truman Doctrine The Marshall Plan The Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine are two halves of the same walnut. President Harry S. Truman The Origins of the Cold War

42 Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill at the Yalta Conference February, 1945 The Origins of the Cold War

43 Germany Divided The Origins of the Cold War

44 1948: Berlin Airlift 1949: NATO 1949: Revolution in China1949: A Russian Bomb The Origins of the Cold War

45 NEXT CLASS The Cold War Part II Reading: Bothwell, pp HISTORY 3040 CANADA AND THE WORLD


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