Presentation on theme: "Practice Test US History Unit Seven"— Presentation transcript:
1Practice Test US History Unit Seven Instructions for UseClick the mouse and a question will appear, some with answers to choose from, some without.Click on the answer you think is correct or if there are not answers to choose from try to answer it in your head and then click the mouse button.The correct answer will then be highlighted or will appear on the screen.Click the mouse button again and the next question will appear.If you cannot finish the Practice test in one sitting, use the scroll bar on the right to remember where you left off.
2Joseph Stalin was/did NOT a. Totalitarianb. Communistc. launch a massive drive to collectivize agricultured. enter into a pact or alliance with Germany in 1936e. responsible for the execution of millions as he restructured Soviet society
3Benito Mussolini was/did NOT a. Fascistb. Nationalistc. A militaristic expansionistd. launch an invasion of Ethiopiae. support government ownership of property
4Adolph Hitler was/did NOT a. Nationalistb. wrote Mein Kampfc. leader of the National Socialist German Workers' Partyd. A militaristic expansioniste. support the Treaty of Versailles
5Japan's militarists were/did NOT a. expansionistsb. launched an invasion of Manchuriac. forced Japan to become China's allyd. came to power through acts of aggressione. pulled Japan out of the League of Nations
6Francisco Franco was/did NOT a. Spanishb. socialistc. totalitariand. aided by Hitler and Mussolinie. came to power through a civil war
7a. Stalin b. Hitler c. Lenin d. Mussolini Which of the following leaders transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power?a. Stalinb. Hitlerc. Lenind. Mussolini
8a. Austria -- Joseph Stalin b. Spain -- Francisco Franco Which of the following correctly matches the politician with his nation?a. Austria -- Joseph Stalinb. Spain -- Francisco Francoc. Britain -- Charles de Gaulled. France -- Neville Chamberlain
9Leader of the fascist government in Italy AnswerBenito Mussolini
10Leader whose political philosophy was based on both nationalism and racism AnswerAdolf Hitler
11Leader whose totalitarian regime was based on a communist philosophy AnswerJoseph Stalin
12b. They became Communist. c. They were torn apart by civil wars. At the end of World War I, many new democracies were established in Europe. In the years between the two world wars, what happened to most of these democracies?a. They thrived.b. They became Communist.c. They were torn apart by civil wars.d. They were replaced by dictatorships.
13b. Hideki Tojo'sappointment as prime minister What caused militarist leaders to gain control of the Japanese government in the early 1930s?a. a civil war in Japanb. Hideki Tojo'sappointment as prime ministerc. U.S. shipments of arms and supplies to Chinad. their successful invasion of resource-rich Manchuria
14By signing the Munich Pact, Britain and France agreed to take this policy toward German aggression. AnswerAppeasement
15This British prime minister signed the Munich Pact. AnswerNeville Chamberlain
16The result of this led Hitler to call off the invasion of Britain indefinitely. AnswerBattle of Britain
17This German military strategy of "lightning war" was first used in Poland. Answerblitzkrieg
18In 1938, this country was Germany's first target. AnswerAustria
19This nation ceased to exist after it was divided between Germany and the Soviet Union. AnswerPoland
20The terms of surrender forced on this nation included German occupation of the northern part of the country and the establishment of a Nazi-controlled puppet government in the southern part.AnswerFrance
21Which of the following did Winston Churchill oppose? a. the Munich Pactb. the Atlantic Charterc. the Lend-Lease Actd. the Treaty of Versailles
22a. Italy b. Spain c. Italy and Japan d. the Soviet Union Which nation(s) signed a nonaggression pact with Germany that led to the invasion and division of Poland?a. Italyb. Spainc. Italy and Japand. the Soviet Union
23In following a policy of appeasement, what did Britain and France do? a. declared war on Germanyb. submitted to Hitler's demandsc. entered into a formal defense allianced. pressured the United States to enter the war
24Leader who made concessions to Hitler in hopes of ending German aggression AnswerNeville Chamberlain
25Country that, with England, declared war on Germany after the German invasion of Poland AnswerFrance
26Country that was split between Germany and the Soviet Union near the beginning of the war AnswerPoland
27Leader who disapproved of the policy of appeasement AnswerWinston Churchill
28Country that began the war in an alliance with Germany but ended the war fighting against Germany AnswerSoviet Union
29How were Britain and France drawn into war with Germany? a. Hitler had taken power in Germany.b. Germany had attacked Poland.c. Germany had attacked Czechoslovakia.d. Germany had pulled out of the League of Nations.
30What happened during the Battle of Britain? a. Germany joined the Axis powers.b. Germany engaged in a three-front war.c. Germany bombed Britain for two months.d. Germany entered into a nonaggression pact with Britain.
31What is genocide, as practiced by the Nazis? a. the broadcasting of anti-Semitic ideasb. the deliberate extermination of a specific group of peoplec. the abuse of a nation's citizens by their own governmentd. the killing of people for the purpose of creating terror
32What is the name of the areas that Jews were originally relocated to by the Nazis? a. Slumsb. suburbsc. ghettosd. tenements
33Which group was not targeted by the Nazis? a. Jewsb. Gypsiesc. Anglo-Saxonsd. Jehovah's Witnesses
34What is the name of the "master race" that Hitler wanted to preserve? a. Polesb. Aryanc. Slavd. Freemasons
35Which group of people suffered 6 million deaths during the Holocaust? a. Nationalistsb. Aryansc. Facistsd. Jews
36After promising his emperor that he would try to maintain peace, Japanese Prime Minister ___ ordered the Japanese navy to prepare for attack on the United States.AnswerHideki Tojo
37Germany, Italy, and Japan were called the ___ powers. AnswerAxis
38Congress boosted defense spending and created the first peacetime ___ in U.S. history. Answerdraft
39Germany invaded ___ in spite of the peace treaty signed between the two nations just prior to the invasion of Poland.AnswerThe Soviet Union
40Japan took over French military bases in Indochina Japan took over French military bases in Indochina. In response, the United States placed a(n) ___ on Japan.AnswerTrade embargo
41Churchill and Roosevelt met secretly aboard the U. S. S. Augusta Churchill and Roosevelt met secretly aboard the U.S.S. Augusta. Together, they drafted the ___.AnswerAtlantic Charter
42Japan launched a surprise attack on the naval base at ___. AnswerPearl Harbor
43The actions of which country finally forced the United States to enter the war? a. Italyb. Japanc. Germanyd. the Soviet Union
44a. Axis nations and their leaders b. U.S. Navy ships and their crews Who or what did President Roosevelt describe as "the rattlesnakes of the Atlantic"?a. Axis nations and their leadersb. U.S. Navy ships and their crewsc. German U-boats and their crewsd. Japanese warplanes and their pilots
45Which of the following statements most accurately reflects Roosevelt's feelings toward joining the war?a. He agreed with the isolationists and promoted an isolationist policy.b. He wanted to help the Allies but had to appease U.S. citizens who opposed entering the war.c. He wanted to avoid the war because he did not see it as a threat to the United States.d. He did not understand the position of isolationists and was eager to join the war.
46What was the Lend-Lease Act? a. a statement of war aims compiled by Roosevelt and Churchillb. a nonaggression pact between Germany and the Soviet Unionc. a policy allowing the president to provide arms to certain foreign countriesd. an order to shoot German U-boats on sight
47This is the code name for the atomic bomb program. AnswerManhattan Project
48This expanded the draft and eventually provided 10 million soldiers. AnswerSelective Service System
49This was the method used to decrease the use of scarce and essential wartime goods. Answerrationing
50This Army Chief of Staff general pushed for the formation of a Women's Auxiliary Army Corps. AnswerGeorge Marshall
51Answer A. Philip Randolph This labor leader strongly encouraged President Roosevelt to issue an executive order discouraging discrimination in the workplace.AnswerA. Philip Randolph
52This assumed the responsibility for converting industry from peacetime to wartime production and distributing raw materials to key industries.AnswerWar Production Board and Development
53Answer Office of Scientific Research This was responsible for improvements in radar and sonar and the development of "wonder drugs" such as penicillin that saved countless lives.AnswerOffice of Scientific Research
54The problem of ___ was targeted by the Office of Price Administration. a. inflationb. recessionc. depressiond. unemployment
55To combat wartime inflation, the U. S To combat wartime inflation, the U.S. government did all of the following excepta. raise and extend the income tax.b. impose wage and price controls.c. encourage the purchase of war bonds.d. increase production of consumer goods.
56During the war, women in the WAACs served as a. fighter pilots and foot soldiers.b. shipbuilders and waitresses.c. scientists and factory workers.d. nurses and radio operators.
57He was Roosevelt's vice-president. AnswerHarry S. Truman
58This death camp was the first liberated by the Allies. AnswerMajdanek
59This was the code name for the invasion of Axis-controlled North Africa. AnswerOperation Torch
60Convoys, sonar, and radar helped the Allies to win this battle. AnswerBattle of the Atlantic
61General ___ led the Third Army into Paris to liberate the city from German occupation. a. George Pattonb. George Marshallc. Douglas MacArthurd. Dwight D. Eisenhower
62The Battle of the Bulge was significant because it marked the ___. a. last German offensiveb. liberation of the death campsc. Allies' first victory in a land battled. Axis powers' first loss in a land battle
63The Allied invasion of ___ was given the code name D-Day. a. Japanb. Italyc. North Africad. Nazi-occupied Europe
64V-E Day, or May 8, 1945, was the day when ___. a. the United States entered the warb. Allied forces invaded Francec. Germany surrenderedd. the Soviets stopped the Germans at the Volga
65Germany's goal in the Battle of the Atlantic was to a. invade the coast of Great Britain and then take over the entire country.b. keep food and war supplies from reaching Great Britain and the Soviet Union.c. prevent Allied forces from landing in Normandy and liberating France.d. prevent the invasion of North Africa.
66The Supreme Commander of U.S. forces in Europe was a. George Patton.b. George Marshall.c. Douglas MacArthur.d. Dwight D. Eisenhower.
67b. a massive Allied invasion. c. a massive Soviet counterattack. In the Battle of Stalingrad, all of the following contributed to the Soviet victory excepta. a brutal winter.b. a massive Allied invasion.c. a massive Soviet counterattack.d. Hitler's refusal to order a German retreat.
68a. Hideki Tojo b. Chester Nimitz c. Douglas MacArthur When forced to abandon the Philippines, ___ made the vow, "I shall return."a. Hideki Tojob. Chester Nimitzc. Douglas MacArthurd. Franklin D. Roosevelt
69What was the Manhattan Project? a. the plan to crash Japanese suicide planes into Allied shipsb. the plan to develop the atomic bombc. the historic meeting of the "Big Three"d. the training of the Navajo code talkers
70a. the Soviet Union b. the United States c. Japan d. Great Britain Which nation was defeated at the Battle of Midway after its plans of an attack were intercepted?a. the Soviet Unionb. the United Statesc. Japand. Great Britain
71Where did the United States drop the atomic bomb? a. Hiroshima and Nagasakib. Hiroshima and Okinawac. Okinawa and Iwo Jimad. Iwo Jima and Guadalcanal
72Which of the following leaders did not attend the Yalta Conference? a. Joseph Stalinb. Winston Churchillc. Harry S. Trumand. Franklin D. Roosevelt
73Who were the defendants at the Nuremberg trials? a. Soviet occupants of Eastern European countriesb. the developers of the atomic bombc. Nazi leadersd. Japanese war criminals
74Truman's aim in deciding to drop the atomic bomb was to ___. a. find out how destructive the bomb really wasb. teach Japanese military leaders a lessonc. end the war and save American livesd. show how powerful the United States was
75a. Dwight D. Eisenhower. b. Chester Nimitz. c. Charles Brown. The general who led Allied troops in battles on the islands of Bataan, Leyte, and Iwo Jima wasa. Dwight D. Eisenhower.b. Chester Nimitz.c. Charles Brown.d. Douglas MacArthur.
76In deciding to use the atomic bomb against Japan, President Truman's main goal was to a. end the war quickly.b. weaken Japan for a long time.c. get revenge for Pearl Harbor.d. save Japanese lives.
77To protest discrimination, ___ organized a march on Washington on July 1, 1941. a. Franklin D. Rooseveltb. Harry S. Trumanc. General George Marshalld. Phillip Randolph
78a. decline b. advance c. stagnation d. uncertainty With respect to finding better jobs, the war years marked a period of ___ for African Americans.a. declineb. advancec. stagnationd. uncertainty
79The GI Bill of Rights made it possible for a. African Americans to serve in combat positions.b. soldiers to take short leaves from fighting.c. veterans to attend college for free.d. enlisted men to receive officer training.
80Roosevelt's decision to remove people of Japanese ancestry to internment camps was a response to a. strong anti-Japanese sentiment.b. verified reports of Japanese Americans acting as spies.c. the lack of Japanese Americans serving in the armed forces.d. rumors that the Japanese were developing an atomic bomb.
81An example of racial tensions during the war years is a. sit-ins in the South staged by CORE.b. the actions of the Tuskegee Airmen.c. anti-Mexican demonstrations in Detroit.d. the "zoot-suit" riots in Los Angeles.
82Answer Satellite nations This group consisted of Eastern European nations that were dominated by the Soviet Union.AnswerSatellite nations
83This action provided vital supplies to a region blockaded by the Soviet Union. AnswerBerlin Airlift
84Both the United States and the Soviet Union joined this organization after World War II. AnswerUnited Nations
85He arranged for about 400 million dollars in aid to be sent to postwar Turkey and Greece. AnswerHarry S. Truman
86This defensive military alliance was the first military alliance that the United States ever entered during peacetime.AnswerNATO
87This aid program was directed "not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos."AnswerMarshall Plan
88This term refers to the indirect but hostile conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union that began at the end of World War II.AnswerCold War
89He believed that the best way to avoid a third world war was to create a new world order in which all nations had the right of self-determination.AnswerHarry S. Truman
90In a capitalist system,a. the state controls economic activity.b. private citizens control economic activity.c. elected officials control economic activity.d. the dictator controls economic activity.
91The main goal of the Truman Doctrine was to a. promote free elections in Europe.b. restrict the spread of communism.c. force Germany to pay war reparations.d. maintain international peace through the UN.
92The Soviet blockade of West Berlin was a response to a. the Marshall Plan.b. the formation of NATO.c. efforts by Western nations to divide Germany.d. efforts by Western nations to reunify Germany.
93Although Mao Zedong won the hearts of the Chinese peasants, he failed to win American support because hea. was corrupt.b. was a Nationalist.c. was a Communist.d. had cooperated with Japan during World War II.
94The failure of Chiang Kai-shek's forces in the Chinese Civil War can largely be blamed on a. his weak and corrupt leadership.b. aid given by the United States to the opposition.c. the U.S. fear and distrust of communism.d. the U.S. lack of interest in the outcome of the war.
95Who was forced to retreat to Taiwan (Formosa)? a. the Korean Nationalistsb. the Korean Communistsc. the Chinese Nationalistsd. the Chinese Communists
96a. China b. South Korea c. the United States d. the United Nations Of the following participants in the Korean War, which fought on the side of the Communists?a. Chinab. South Koreac. the United Statesd. the United Nations
97General Douglas MacArthur argued that the Korean War a. was not a vital American interest.b. should be limited to Korea.c. should be extended into a war against China.d. should be extended into a war against the Soviet Union.
98a. Nationalists b. Communists c. Soviets d. peasants The ___ were defeated in the civil war in China despite 2 billion dollars in aid sent to them from the United States.a. Nationalistsb. Communistsc. Sovietsd. peasants
99The ___ appeared to be winning the Korean War until China actively entered the conflict. a. Communistsb. Nationalistsc. South Koreansd. North Koreans
100Between 1944 and 1947, Chinese Nationalists a. relied heavily on financial aid from the Soviet Union.b. ruled in the southern and eastern regions of China.c. attracted overwhelming support from the nation's peasants.d. were led by Mao Zedong.
101The Soviet Union did not vote to defend South Korea at the UN Security Council because a. the Soviets were boycotting the UN over the presence of Taiwan.b. the Soviets were boycotting the UN over the presence of Chinese Communists.c. the Soviets had already sent military aid to South Korea.d. the Soviets had wanted to remain neutral at the time.
102When an armistice was signed ending the Korean War, a. North and South Korea were still divided along the 38th parallel.b. a communist government was established in South Korea.c. communist fears in the United States were lifted.d. China gained control of the entire peninsula.
103___ could only be charged with perjury, not espionage, because too many years had passed since the spying had taken place.AnswerAlger Hiss
104The ___ decided not to cooperate with the investigation into whether the American film industry had been influenced by Communists.AnswerHollywood Ten
105Claiming to be persecuted for being Jewish and holding radical beliefs, ___ pleaded not guilty to the crime of espionage.AnswerEthel & Julius Rosenberg
106Answer Ethel & Julius Rosenberg In pronouncing sentence on ___, Judge Irving Kaufman declared the crime "worse than murder“ because it had put "into the hands of the Russians the A-bomb."AnswerEthel & Julius Rosenberg
107In 1947, ___ subpoenaed 43 witnesses from the Hollywood film industry to give testimony on whether Communists influenced the American film industry.AnswerHUAC
108a. brinkmanship b. Containment c. McCarthyism d. infiltration To label someone's activities as ___ would be to suggest that the person is making unsupported accusations.a. brinkmanshipb. Containmentc. McCarthyismd. infiltration
109a. Douglas MacArthur. b. Joseph McCarthy. c. John Foster Dulles. Accusations that communism was widely present in the U.S. government and military were made bya. Douglas MacArthur.b. Joseph McCarthy.c. John Foster Dulles.d. Alger Hiss.
110He led the nation that developed the first hydrogen bomb. AnswerDwight D. Eisenhower
111The satellite nations were members of this military alliance. AnswerWarsaw Pact
112This group's covert actions helped to topple governments in Iran and Guatemala. AnswerCIA
113Answer Dwight D. Eisenhower He told an aide, "If one of these [U-2's] were lost when we were engaged in apparently sincere deliberations, it could...ruin my effectiveness."AnswerDwight D. Eisenhower
114Answer John Foster Dulles As Secretary of State, he proposed that the United States declare its intention to use massive retaliation against any aggression.AnswerJohn Foster Dulles
115This U.S. policy required greater dependence on nuclear weapons and the airplanes that delivered them.AnswerBrinkmanship
116This U-2 pilot was convicted of espionage after his plane was shot down and he was forced to parachute into Soviet-controlled territory.AnswerFrancis Gary Powers
117a. Marshall Plan b. Truman Doctrine c. Warsaw Pact The United States responded to fear of Soviet military action in the Middle East by issuing the ___.a. Marshall Planb. Truman Doctrinec. Warsaw Pactd. Eisenhower Doctrine
118a. NATO b. an atomic bomb c. a space satellite d. a hydrogen bomb When the Soviet Union exploded an atomic bomb, the United States responded by intensifying efforts to develop ___.a. NATOb. an atomic bombc. a space satellited. a hydrogen bomb
119After the U-2 incident, all of the following events occurred except a. the Soviet Union rejected Eisenhower's "open skies" proposal at Geneva.b. Khrushchev called off a summit conference on the arms race.c. Khrushchev withdrew his invitation for Eisenhower to visit the Soviet Union.d. Francis Gary Powers was released from prison after 18 months.
120American interest in developing a hydrogen bomb intensified when a. the policy of containment failed in China.b. the Soviet Union launched a space satellite.c. the Soviet Union exploded an atomic bomb.d. the Soviet Union exploded a hydrogen bomb.
121a. counseling b. low-interest loans c. free homes d. government jobs One of the benefits that the GI Bill of Rights offered to returning veterans was ___.a. counselingb. low-interest loansc. free homesd. government jobs
122a. arrest b. Sue c. draft d. deport President Truman threatened to ___ striking workers to prevent strikes from crippling the nation.a. arrestb. Suec. draftd. deport
123The Dixiecrats nominated ___ to run for president in 1948. a. Harry S. Trumanb. Thomas E. Deweyc. J. Strom Thurmondd. Henry A. Wallace
124During the 1950s, ___ jobs declined. a. manufacturingb. advertisingc. communicationsd. service
125The vast majority of new homes in the 1950s were built in the ___ . a. big citiesb. suburbsc. small citiesd. rural areas
126a. increased unemployment. b. inflation. All of the following were early effects of the conversion from a wartime to a peacetime economy excepta. increased unemployment.b. inflation.c. the supply of goods exceeding demand.d. decreased wages.
127All of the following contributed to the economic recovery after the war except a. consumer demand.b. labor strikes.c. the Cold War.d. the Marshall Plan.
128The factor that most contributed to the upset win of Truman in the 1948 election was a. his relentless campaign against a "do-nothing" Congress.b. the healthy state of the nation's economy.c. his position on civil rights.d. support from labor unions.
129He developed a vaccine against polio. AnswerDr. Jonas Salk
130McDonald's is one of the earliest examples of this type of business. AnswerFranchise
131This is a marketing strategy in which manufacturers purposely design products to wear out or become outdates in a short period of time.AnswerPlanned Obsolescence
132The height of this unprecedented population explosion was in 1957. AnswerBaby boom
133A ___ is a large corporation that owns a number of smaller companies. a. franchiseb. monopolyc. government agencyd. conglomerate
134c. planned obsolescence d. a 40-hour work week With more money to spend and an increased number of products to buy, ___ became an American way of life.a. consumerismb. social conformityc. planned obsolescenced. a 40-hour work week
135One disadvantage of standardization in American business was that it a. led to a lower standard of living.b. discouraged individuality.c. lowered profits.d. was less efficient.
136The dramatic increase in car ownership in the 1950s contributed to all of the following except a. noise pollution.b. the Interstate Highway Act.c. decreased usage of national parks.d. the widening gap between the middle class and the poor.
137a. radio b. movies c. telephones d. television Most Americans in the 1960s relied on ___ as their primary source of entertainment and information.a. radiob. moviesc. telephonesd. television
138The expression of nonconformity by ___ developed into the beat movement. a. college studentsb. artists and poetsc. teenagersd. rock 'n' roll performers
139The first politician to skillfully use the new medium of television was a. Harry S. Truman.b. Dwight D. Eisenhower.c. Richard M. Nixon.d. Adlai Stevenson.
140Criticism of television in the 1950s was based on a. its portrayal of an idealized society.b. weak transmitters.c. the size of the screen.d. its black-and-white images.
141In the 1950s, both the beat movement and rock 'n' roll were viewed as forms of a. harmless entertainment.b. rebellion.c. African-American culture.d. mainstream American values.
142The group that benefited most from the economy and culture of the 1950s was a. African-American women.b. African-American men.c. white women.d. white men.
143The Longoria incident prompted Mexican Americans to do all of the following except a. promote political candidates who represented their interests.b. organize the G.I. Forum.c. found the Unity League of California.d. return to Mexico.