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World War Looms 24 CHAPTER Overview Time Lines Transparencies Chapter Assessment Dictators Threaten World Peace War in Europe The Holocaust America Moves.

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Presentation on theme: "World War Looms 24 CHAPTER Overview Time Lines Transparencies Chapter Assessment Dictators Threaten World Peace War in Europe The Holocaust America Moves."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War Looms 24 CHAPTER Overview Time Lines Transparencies Chapter Assessment Dictators Threaten World Peace War in Europe The Holocaust America Moves Toward War SECTION

2 THEMES IN CHAPTER 24 World War Looms 24 CHAPTER Cultural DiversityScience and TechnologyImmigration and Migration “This nation will remain a neutral nation, but I cannot ask that every American remain neutral in thought as well.” President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, August 24, 1939 HOME Constitutional Concerns

3 World War Looms 24 CHAPTER What do you know? What do you already know about World War II? Have you ever discussed World War II with someone who lived through it? If so, what did he or she say? What do you know about dictators in the Soviet Union, Italy, Germany, and Japan? How do you think they attained power? What do you already know about the Holocaust? How have you seen it portrayed in movies, books, and television? HOME

4 Time Line 24 CHAPTER The United States HOME 1937 President Roosevelt delivers his anti- isolationist “quarantine” speech The United States enters the war after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. President Roosevelt signs the Lend- Lease Act, and U.S. industry begins mass production of war materiél Congress passes the first Neutrality Act.

5 Time Line 24 CHAPTER The World HOME 1941 Germany invades the Soviet Union. Japan attacks Pearl Harbor Japan invades China The Spanish Civil War begins. Germany occupies the Rhineland Mussolini invades Ethiopia Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany Japan invades Manchuria Britain and Germany fight the Battle of Britain. Japan, Germany, and Italy sign pact Germany annexes Austria Germany invades Poland, starting World War II. The Nazis begin to convert labor camps into extermination camps.

6 Dictators Threaten World Peace 1 Learn About the rise of totalitarian dictatorships in Europe and Asia. To Understand the challenge they posed to the U.S. policy of neutrality. HOME SECTION

7 Dictators Threaten World Peace 1 HOME SECTION Key Idea The United States remains isolated from world affairs as economic and political factors lead to the rise of nationalist leaders in the Soviet Union, Germany, and Italy.

8 Section Dictators Threaten World Peace 1 Assessment What were the main ambitions of European dictators Stalin, Mussolini, and Hitler? SUMMARIZING 1 HOME SECTION Ambitions of European Dictators Stalin MussoliniHitler To create a model Communist state and to transform the Soviet Union into a great industrial power To unite the German “master race” into an empire destined to rule the world To make Italy a great world power

9 Section Dictators Threaten World Peace 1 How did the Treaty of Versailles sow the seeds of instability in Europe? ANALYZING CAUSES Assessment 1 effects of the treaty on Germany and the Soviet Union effects of the treaty on national pride the economic legacy of World War I THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

10 Section Dictators Threaten World Peace 1 Assessment 1 Why do you think Hitler found widespread support among the German people? ANALYZING MOTIVES Germans’ postwar resentment and bitterness Germany’s economic situation before Hitler’s rise to power the appeal of Hitler’s Nazi beliefs THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

11 War in Europe 2 Learn About the weak response of world leaders to Hitler’s aggressive moves in the late 1930s. To Understand how Germany started World War II. HOME SECTION

12 War in Europe 2 HOME SECTION Key Idea A series of bold moves by Adolf Hitler— and weak countermoves by other leaders— triggers World War II in Europe.

13 War in Europe 2 Section Assessment 2 In what sequence did the following events occur: Germany’s invasion of Poland, Hitler’s annexation of Austria, signing of the nonaggression pact, signing of the Munich Pact? FOLLOWING CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER HOME SECTION signing of the Munich Pact Hitler’s annexation of Austria signing of the nonaggression pact EVENT 1 EVENT 2 EVENT 3 EVENT 4 Germany’s invasion of Poland

14 War in Europe 2 Section To what extent do you think lies and deception played a role in Hitler’s tactics? SYNTHESIZING Assessment 2 William Shirer’s diary entry about headlines in the Nazi newspapers Soviet-German relations Hitler’s justifications for military aggression THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

15 War in Europe 2 Section Assessment 2 If you had been a member of the British House of Commons in 1938, would you have voted for or against the Munich Pact? MAKING DECISIONS Hitler’s credibility the British public’s fear of being involved in another war Churchill’s opinion of the appeasement policy THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

16 The Holocaust 3 Learn About Hitler’s plans for the German “master race”. To Understand the fate of Jews and other “enemies” of the Third Reich. HOME SECTION

17 The Holocaust 3 HOME SECTION Key Idea Hitler’s plans for conquering the world include the killing of Jews and other ethnic groups, which is carried out with frightening determination and success.

18 Section The Holocaust 3 Assessment 3 What were at least four events that led to the Holocaust? ANALYZING CAUSES HOME SECTION CAUSESEFFECT The Holocaust the removal of non-Aryans from government jobs Nuremberg Laws stripping Jews of their civil rights and property Kristallnacht—Nazi storm troopers’ attack on Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues “final solution”—systematic genocide of Jews, gypsies, and other groups that Nazis considered “subhuman”

19 Section The Holocaust 3 Do you think that the United States was justified in not allowing more Jewish refugees to emigrate? Why or why not? SUPPORTING OPINIONS Assessment 3 the views of isolationists in the United States some Americans’ prejudices and fears the incident on the German luxury liner, St. Louis THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

20 Section The Holocaust 3 Assessment 3 Why do you think the Nazi program of systematic genocide was so brutally effective? DEVELOPING HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE the long German history of anti-Semitism the secrecy and lies told by the Nazis the scope and organization of the Nazis’ genocidal plans THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

21 America Moves Toward War 4 Learn About the American response to aggression in Europe and Asia. To Understand how the United States entered World War II. HOME SECTION

22 America Moves Toward War 4 HOME SECTION Key Idea The United States provides aid to nations resisting Hitler and enters World War II after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

23 June 1941 Section America Moves Toward War 4 Assessment 4 What were some of the key events that led to the U.S. entry into World War II? SUMMARIZING HOME SECTION Congress passes Lend- Lease Act. Roosevelt and Churchill draw up Atlantic Charter. Germany invades Soviet Union; Roosevelt orders U.S. Navy to protect lend-lease shipments. Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. Japan, Germany, and Italy sign the Tripartite Pact. September 1940 August 1941 December 1941 March 1941

24 Section America Moves Toward War 4 Do you think the the United States should have waited to be attacked before declaring war? FORMING OPINIONS Assessment 4 the reputation of the United States the influence of the isolationists the destruction of Pearl Harbor THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

25 Section America Moves Toward War 4 Assessment 4 Although the U.S. Congress was still unwilling to declare war early in 1941, Churchill told his war cabinet, “We must have patience and trust to the tide which is flowing our way, and to events.” What do you think Churchill meant by this remark? CLARIFYING Roosevelt’s series of “unneutral” steps to assist Great Britain in its war efforts the Atlantic Charter Churchill’s view of Hitler THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

26 Chapter 24 Assessment 1. What were Stalin’s goals and what steps did he take to achieve them? 2. What actions that the League of Nations took revealed its inability to control the aggressive moves of Japan, Germany, and Italy? 3. How did Germany’s and Italy’s involvement affect the outcome of the Spanish Civil War? 4. Why was the blitzkrieg an effective military strategy? 5. What terms of surrender did Hitler demand of French officers after the fall of France in 1940? What was General Charles de Gaulle’s reaction? HOME

27 Chapter 24 Assessment 6. What groups did Nazis deem unfit to belong to the Aryan “master race”? 7. How did some Europeans show their resistance to Nazi persecution of the Jews? 8. Which nations formed the Axis powers? What were the military implications of the Tripartite Pact for the United States? 9. What congressional measures paved the way for the United States entry into World War II? 10. Why did the United States enter World War II? HOME


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