Presentation on theme: "24 World War Looms Dictators Threaten World Peace"— Presentation transcript:
124 World War Looms 1 2 3 4 Dictators Threaten World Peace CHAPTER24World War LoomsOverviewTime Lines1Dictators Threaten World PeaceSECTION2War in EuropeSECTION3SECTIONThe Holocaust4America Moves Toward WarSECTIONChapter AssessmentTransparencies
2President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, August 24, 1939 CHAPTER24World War LoomsHOME“This nation will remain a neutral nation, but I cannot ask that every American remain neutral in thought as well.”President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, August 24, 1939THEMES IN CHAPTER 24Cultural DiversityScience and TechnologyImmigration and MigrationConstitutional Concerns
324 World War Looms What do you know? CHAPTER24World War LoomsHOMEWhat do you know?• What do you already know about World War II?Have you ever discussed World War II with someone who lived through it? If so, what did he or she say?• What do you know about dictators in the Soviet Union, Italy, Germany, and Japan? How do you think they attained power?• What do you already know about the Holocaust? How have you seen it portrayed in movies, books, and television?
424 Time Line The United States CHAPTER24Time LineHOMEThe United States1935 Congress passes the first Neutrality Act.1937 President Roosevelt delivers his anti isolationist “quarantine” speech.1941 The United States enters the war after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor President Roosevelt signs the Lend Lease Act, and U.S. industry begins mass production of war materiél.
524 Time Line The World 1931 Japan invades Manchuria. CHAPTER24Time LineHOMEThe World1931 Japan invades Manchuria.1933 Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany.1935 Mussolini invades Ethiopia.1936 The Spanish Civil War begins Germany occupies the Rhineland.1937 Japan invades China.1938 Germany annexes Austria.1939 Germany invades Poland, starting World War II The Nazis begin to convert labor camps into extermination camps.1940 Britain and Germany fight the Battle of Britain Japan, Germany, and Italy sign pact.1941 Germany invades the Soviet Union Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
6Dictators Threaten World Peace SECTION1Dictators Threaten World PeaceHOMELearn Aboutthe rise of totalitarian dictatorships in Europe and Asia.To Understandthe challenge they posed to the U.S. policy of neutrality.
7Dictators Threaten World Peace SECTION1Dictators Threaten World PeaceHOMEKey IdeaThe United States remains isolated from world affairs as economic and political factors lead to the rise of nationalist leaders in the Soviet Union, Germany, and Italy.
8Dictators Threaten World Peace SECTION1Dictators Threaten World PeaceHOMESection1AssessmentSUMMARIZINGWhat were the main ambitions of European dictators Stalin, Mussolini, and Hitler?Ambitions of European DictatorsStalinMussoliniHitlerTo create a model Communist state and to transform the Soviet Union into a great industrial powerTo make Italy a great world powerTo unite the German “master race” into an empire destined to rule the world
9Dictators Threaten World Peace SECTION1Dictators Threaten World PeaceHOMESection1AssessmentHow did the Treaty of Versailles sow the seeds of instability in Europe?ANALYZING CAUSESeffects of the treaty on Germany and the Soviet Unioneffects of the treaty on national pridethe economic legacy of World War ITHINK ABOUT
10Dictators Threaten World Peace SECTION1Dictators Threaten World PeaceHOMESection1AssessmentWhy do you think Hitler found widespread support among the German people?ANALYZING MOTIVESGermans’ postwar resentment and bitternessGermany’s economic situation before Hitler’s rise to powerthe appeal of Hitler’s Nazi beliefsTHINK ABOUT
112 War in Europe Learn About SECTION2War in EuropeHOMELearn Aboutthe weak response of world leaders to Hitler’s aggressive moves in the late 1930s.To Understandhow Germany started World War II.
12SECTION2War in EuropeHOMEKey IdeaA series of bold moves by Adolf Hitler—and weak countermoves by other leaders—triggers World War II in Europe.
132 War in Europe 2 Section Assessment HOMESection2AssessmentFOLLOWING CHRONOLOGICAL ORDERIn what sequence did the following events occur: Germany’s invasion of Poland, Hitler’s annexation of Austria, signing of the nonaggression pact, signing of the Munich Pact?EVENT 2EVENT 4signing of the Munich PactGermany’s invasion of PolandHitler’s annexation of Austriasigning of the nonaggression pactEVENT 1EVENT 3
142 War in Europe 2 Section Assessment HOMESection2AssessmentTo what extent do you think lies and deception played a role in Hitler’s tactics?SYNTHESIZINGWilliam Shirer’s diary entry about headlines in the Nazi newspapersSoviet-German relationsHitler’s justifications for military aggressionTHINK ABOUT
152 War in Europe 2 Section Assessment HOMESection2AssessmentIf you had been a member of the British House of Commons in 1938, would you have voted for or against the Munich Pact?MAKING DECISIONSHitler’s credibilitythe British public’s fear of being involved in another warChurchill’s opinion of the appeasement policyTHINK ABOUT
163 The Holocaust Learn About SECTION3The HolocaustHOMELearn AboutHitler’s plans for the German “master race”.To Understandthe fate of Jews and other “enemies” of the Third Reich.
17SECTION3The HolocaustHOMEKey IdeaHitler’s plans for conquering the world include the killing of Jews and other ethnic groups, which is carried out with frightening determination and success.
183 The Holocaust 33 Section Assessment HOMESection33AssessmentWhat were at least four events that led to the Holocaust?ANALYZING CAUSESCAUSESEFFECTThe Holocaustthe removal of non-Aryans from government jobsNuremberg Laws stripping Jews of their civil rights and propertyKristallnacht—Nazi storm troopers’ attack on Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues“final solution”—systematic genocide of Jews, gypsies, and other groups that Nazis considered “subhuman”
193 The Holocaust 33 Section Assessment HOMESection33AssessmentDo you think that the United States was justified in not allowing more Jewish refugees to emigrate? Why or why not?SUPPORTING OPINIONSthe views of isolationists in the United Statessome Americans’ prejudices and fearsthe incident on the German luxury liner, St. LouisTHINK ABOUT
203 The Holocaust 3 Section Assessment HOMESection3AssessmentWhy do you think the Nazi program of systematic genocide was so brutally effective?DEVELOPING HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVEthe long German history of anti-Semitismthe secrecy and lies told by the Nazisthe scope and organization of the Nazis’ genocidal plansTHINK ABOUT
21America Moves Toward War SECTION4America Moves Toward WarHOMELearn Aboutthe American response to aggression in Europe and Asia.To Understandhow the United States entered World War II.
22America Moves Toward War SECTION4America Moves Toward WarHOMEKey IdeaThe United States provides aid to nations resisting Hitler and enters World War II after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
23America Moves Toward War SECTION4America Moves Toward WarHOMESection4AssessmentWhat were some of the key events that led to the U.S. entry into World War II?SUMMARIZINGMarch 1941August 1941Congress passes Lend-Lease Act.Roosevelt and Churchill draw up Atlantic Charter.September 1940June 1941December 1941Japan, Germany, and Italy sign the Tripartite Pact.Germany invades Soviet Union; Roosevelt orders U.S. Navy to protect lend-lease shipments.Japan bombs Pearl Harbor.
24America Moves Toward War SECTION4America Moves Toward WarHOMESection4AssessmentDo you think the the United States should have waited to be attacked before declaring war?FORMING OPINIONSthe reputation of the United Statesthe influence of the isolationiststhe destruction of Pearl HarborTHINK ABOUT
25America Moves Toward War SECTION4America Moves Toward WarHOMESection4AssessmentAlthough the U.S. Congress was still unwilling to declare war early in 1941, Churchill told his war cabinet, “We must have patience and trust to the tide which is flowing our way, and to events.” What do you think Churchill meant by this remark?CLARIFYINGRoosevelt’s series of “unneutral” steps to assist Great Britain in its war effortsthe Atlantic CharterChurchill’s view of HitlerTHINK ABOUT
2624ChapterAssessmentHOME1. What were Stalin’s goals and what steps did he take to achieve them?2. What actions that the League of Nations took revealed its inability to control the aggressive moves of Japan, Germany, and Italy?3. How did Germany’s and Italy’s involvement affect the outcome of the Spanish Civil War?4. Why was the blitzkrieg an effective military strategy?5. What terms of surrender did Hitler demand of French officers after the fall of France in 1940? What was General Charles de Gaulle’s reaction?
2724ChapterAssessmentHOME6. What groups did Nazis deem unfit to belong to the Aryan “master race”?7. How did some Europeans show their resistance to Nazi persecution of the Jews?8. Which nations formed the Axis powers? What were the military implications of the Tripartite Pact for the United States?9. What congressional measures paved the way for the United States entry into World War II?10. Why did the United States enter World War II?