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LeadersKnowWant to Know Hitler Mussolini Stalin FDR British Leaders Japanese Leaders.

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Presentation on theme: "LeadersKnowWant to Know Hitler Mussolini Stalin FDR British Leaders Japanese Leaders."— Presentation transcript:

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2 LeadersKnowWant to Know Hitler Mussolini Stalin FDR British Leaders Japanese Leaders

3  Take out map and timeline for reference

4  Became Popular in the 1920s in Germany “by taking advantage of [the German] people’s anger and suffering.” 1  Economic woes as of the result of the Treaty of Versailles- including high unemployment and loss of land

5  He was charismatic and an excellent speaker and was able to convince Germans that he could solve their problems and bring Germany back to glory  Mein Kampf (My struggle)  Book that Hitler wrote while in jail describing Nazi views on politics, government, and racism

6  In 1921 “became chairman of the National Socialist German Worker’s Party” (NAZI)  “Openly racist, Hitler and the Nazis” declared that “the German people” were superior to every other race. 1  They specifically targeted and blamed Jews for the problems that Germany was experiencing.  This “anti-Semitism (hatred of Jews) would…lead to” the holocaust. 5

7  He was elected “chancellor, or chief minister, of Germany in 1933” and he immediately “ended all democracy and established totalitarian rule.” 1

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9  “Hitler claimed that Germany had a right to expand it’s territory” 1  Against the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, Hitler had Germany’s military rebuilt.  He “formed an alliance with Italy in 1936.” 1

10  Insert clip of Hitler – 40 seconds to 1:55 G4

11   Developed theories of fascism  Also took advantage of Italy’s economic woes to gain power and became Italy’s Dictator in the 1920s  He created a fascist party, became Prime Minister of Italy, and then grabbed power from the Italian King in  He thought he was meant to be Italy’s Caesar and meant to “re-create the Roman Empire.” 11

12  Allied Italy with Germany in 1939  Eventually became Hitler’s puppet.

13  PVUU PVUU  Till 2:44

14  In Nazi Germany “racial purity” is the most important. 2  Elitism  Both systems believe people are unequal, only a few are born with natural talents (intelligence, artistic ability, strength, etc)  These few should rule the rest (the weaker).

15  Tojo Hideki   A military leader in Japan’s army  Worked to strengthen and upgrade Japan’s military force.  Advocated for forcing China “to collaborate with Japan” through military force 4  “Pushed for alliance with Germany…and Italy” 4  Became Prime minister in Oct 1941  “gave final approval to” attack the US at Pearl Harbor 4

16  Emperor Hirohito  1901 – 1989  Emperor of Japan from 1926 until 1989  Came to power when Japan had a Constitutional monarch but the power of the military grew  After 1932 all Prime Minsters came from the military  Appeared to go along with whatever his military advisors planned.

17  wwiifrecker11bb.wikispaces.com

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19  Neville Chamberlain   “Prime Minister of [GB] from 1937 to 1940” 8  -Pursued the “policy of appeasement towards Nazi Germany” 8  Allowed Hitler to take Czechoslovakia in 1938 by signing the Munich Agreement  Was eventually the one to declare war on Germany for his country after GB had entered into a “Mutual Defense Pact with Poland” 8

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21  Chamberlain cont.  Sent 300,000 men to Belgium to fight Germany. They lost and had to retreat  Forced to resign in May of 1940 when “Germany invaded the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.  Winston Churchill became Prime Minister

22  Winston Churchill  1874 – 1965  Educated at a British military academy; Sand Hurst  Was “a soldier and a journalist” 11  By 1900, he was 26, “had published five books,” and was elected to the British Parliament 11  Elected as a Conservative but then became a Liberal  Worked for “progressive social reforms: eight-hour workday…minimum wage..public health insurance” 11

23  Churchill Cont.  Became “secretary of the [British] Navy” and created GB’s Air Force (Royal Naval Air Service) prior to WWI 11  After WWI he became a conservative again  After becoming Prime Minister in 1940 he spent his time trying “to keep British spirits high” through his “speeches in Parliament and on the radio” 11  “He persuaded [FDR] to provide [GB with] war supplies – ammunition, guns, tanks, planes…before the [US] even entered the war” 11

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25  1878 – 1953  Totalitarian “dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953” 6  Became interested in Communism in his 20s and joined them in overthrowing Russia’s monarchy  The USSR was founded in November 1917 with the overthrow of the Czar.  “Transformed [the USSR] from a peasant society to an industrial and military superpower” 6  “Ruled by terror” and killed about 20 million people in his own country 6

26  Totalitarian regime  Stalin had history books rewritten, he controlled the media, and pushed his influence on “artwork, literature, and music” at the time. 6  “ a cult of personality” 6  After he and Hitler signed the “non-aggression pact, Stalin [annexed] parts of Poland and Romania, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.” 6 He then invaded Finland.  He “ignored warnings from the [US] and the British, as well as his own intelligence agents” that Hitler would eventually invade the USSR.

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28  Verbal review of last week’s notes

29  Split into groups of two and do Quote activity

30 1. Appleby, Joyce, Alan Brinkley, and James McPherson. The American Journey. New York: McGraw Hill Glencoe, Baradat, Leon P. Political Ideologies; Their Origins and Impact. 7 th Edition. Upper Saddle Creek River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall Print. 3. Central Intelligence Agency. “Japan.” CIA Worldfactbook. Central Intelligence Agency Web. 16 Aug https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ja.html 4. Cook, Theodore F. Jr. “Tojo Hideki.” History.com A&E Television Networks, LLC Web. 15 Aug Dowswell, Paul. The Usborne Introduction to The Second World War. New York: Scholastic, Inc Print. 6. “Joseph Stalin.” History.com A&E Television Networks, LLC Web. 15 Aug "Neville Chamberlain". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., Web. 19 Aug “Neville Chamberlain." New World Encyclopedia,. 2 Apr 2008, 04:23 UTC. 19 Aug 2012, 23: Sullivan, Brian R. “Benito Mussolini.” The Reader’s Companion to Military History. Ed. Robert Cowley and Geoffrey Parker. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt History.com A&E Television Networks, LLC Web. 15 Aug “Tojo Hirohito.” History.com A&E Television Networks, LLC Web. 15 Aug “Winston Churchill.” History.com A&E Television Networks, LLC Web. 15 Aug


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