Presentation on theme: "The War in the Pacific Refer to map on page 580"— Presentation transcript:
1 The War in the Pacific Refer to map on page 580 Chapter 17 Section 3The War in the PacificRefer to map on page 580
2 Brainstorm You enter the war in 1941. You do not accomplish victory in Europe until 1945.How do you go about gaining victory over Japan in the Pacific?
3 Objectives Identify key turning points in the war in the Pacific. Describe the Allied offensive against the Japanese.Explain both the development of the atomic bomb and debates about its use.Describe the challenges faced by the Allies in building a just and lasting peace.
5 The War in the PacificLeaders:MacArthur Page 583NimitzHirohito
6 April 1942, Bataan Leader: MacArthur Remember we entered war in 1941 & Germany does not fall until 1945Allies hold out for 4 months against invading Japanese forces before abandoning peninsula14k dead / 48k wounded
7 April 1942, BataanOn April 3, 1942, General Homma finally launched his long-awaited (by both the Japanese high command and the Americans) final push to crush the Philippines. He easily broke through the final line of resistance of the Fil-American troops on Bataan, but he did so because of the deplorable state of the defending forces facing him.
8 June 1942, Midway Obj #1 & 2 Leader: Nimitz Allies broke Japanese code Americans turned back Japanese invasion headed toward HawaiiBeginning of Island Hopping Strategy to take back Japanese gains in the Pacific
9 August 1942, Guadalcanal Obj. #1 Leader: MacArthurAmericans dealt Japan their first defeat on land
10 August 1942, GuadalcanalThe theme of Guadalcanal as the turning point. From the slim victories by small forces; from the discipline and ability of Marines to hold on despite hunger, fatigue and disease; from the resolution of U.S. airmen and seamen who were often outnumbered but never outfought; and from the fact that, at this ultimate single point of extension and conflict, the United States, straining its utmost, as against Japan straining its utmost, could exert a few more ounces of effort--from this aggregate came victory, not only on Guadalcanal, but ultimately in the whole Pacific
11 October 1944, Leyte Gulf page578 Obj #1 Leader: MacArthurJapanese resort to kamikazeEntire Japanese fleet involvedJapan lost 3 Battleships, 4 Aircraft Carriers & 500 planesDevastating blow to Japan’s NavyAmericans retook the Philippines
12 March 1945, Iwo Jima page 582 Obj. #1 Leader: MacArthurFierce battle but Allies take island from JapanTo the Japanese leadership, the capture of Iwo Jima meant the battle for Okinawa, and the invasion of Japan itself, was not far off.
13 March 1945, Iwo JimaIwo Jima, which means sulfur island, was strategically important as an air base for fighter escorts supporting long-range bombing missions against mainland Japan. Because of the distance between mainland Japan and U.S. bases in the Mariana Islands, the capture of Iwo Jima would provide an emergency landing strip for crippled B-29s returning from bombing runs. The seizure of Iwo would allow for sea and air blockades, the ability to conduct intensive air bombardment and to destroy the enemy's air and naval capabilities.
14 June 1945, Okinawa Obj #1 Leader: MacArthur Allies take island back from JapanMap on page 580 indicates importance7.6K Americans die110k Japanese die / kamikaze & suicide
15 September 1945, Tokyo Bay Obj. #3 Leaders: MacArthur / HirohitoJapan officially / unconditionally surrendersU.S. Battleship MissouriDemocratic Constitution & Women voteChange Economy / occupation
20 Other Courses Besides Dropping the Bomb Obj. #3 Massive InvasionNaval BlockadeContinued Conventional Bombing“A” bomb demonstrationConditional Surrender
21 Reasons to Drop the Bomb Obj. #3 Save lives & prevent casualtiesChurchill predicts 1.5M after OkinawaSave $ and suppliesA dud demo bomb would be an embarrassmentDisplay power to RussiansRevenge for Pearl Harbor & war deaths
22 August 1945, Hiroshima & Nagasaki Obj. #3 Leader: Truman1st Atomic Bombs droppedAugust 6 Hiroshima: 70k dead, 70k injured, uranium, Little BoyAugust 9 Nagasaki: 40K dead, plutonium, Fat Man
24 Planning the Rebuilding Peace Leaders:FDRStalinChurchillJacksonTruman
25 February 1945, Yalta Obj. #4 Leaders: FDR, Stalin, Churchill Important decisions about postwar worldStalin wanted Germany separated into Occupation Zones by Allies so Germany would not threaten USSR againFDR gave into Stalin for Soviet support against Japan & promise of free elections in Poland
26 April 1945, San FranciscoUnited Nations Established
27 1945-1949, Nuremberg page 586 Leader: Jackson 24 Nazi leaders tried for wartime crimes12/24 sentenced to deathTrials were imperfect but…U.S. Supreme Ct Justice Jackson: individuals are responsible for their own actions even in times of war