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WWII Diplomacy CasablancaTeheranYaltaPotsdam United Nations.

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Presentation on theme: "WWII Diplomacy CasablancaTeheranYaltaPotsdam United Nations."— Presentation transcript:

1 WWII Diplomacy CasablancaTeheranYaltaPotsdam United Nations

2 Casablanca January 1943 January 1943 Only attended by Roosevelt and Churchill Only attended by Roosevelt and Churchill 1. Agree to Invade Sicily 2. Demand “unconditional surrender” from the Axis powers

3 Teheran Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet for the first time in November 1943 in Iran Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet for the first time in November 1943 in Iran 1. Agree that U.S., Britain would begin offensive to liberate France in spring of Soviets will invade Germany 3. Soviets will eventually join the war against Japan

4 Yalta February 1945, a resort town on the Black Sea coast of the U.S.S.R. February 1945, a resort town on the Black Sea coast of the U.S.S.R. Significant long-tern consequences Significant long-tern consequences After victory in Europe, the Allies agree that: After victory in Europe, the Allies agree that: 1. Germany would be divided into occupation zones 2. Free elections in newly liberated Eastern European countries

5 Yalta 3. Soviets will enter the war against Japan  They do on August 8, 1945, just as Japan was about to surrender after the drop of the first A-bomb 4. The U.S.S.R. will control some Pacific islands and have special concessions in Manchuria, China 5. A new world peace organization would be formed at a conference in San Francisco

6 End of the Big Three FDR dies in Georgia on April 12, 1945 FDR dies in Georgia on April 12, 1945 Vice President Harry S Truman takes office, charge of the war effort Vice President Harry S Truman takes office, charge of the war effort In England, Winston Churchill loses the Prime Minister position to Clement Atlee In England, Winston Churchill loses the Prime Minister position to Clement Atlee

7 Potsdam July 17-August 2, 1945 outside Berlin, Germany July 17-August 2, 1945 outside Berlin, Germany 1. Agree to issue a warning to Japan to surrender unconditionally 2. Hold war-crime trials of Nazi leaders Truman notified that A-Bomb tests successful, shares w/Churchill Truman notified that A-Bomb tests successful, shares w/Churchill Did they let Stalin in on everything? Did they let Stalin in on everything?

8 War Costs Human Costs 300,000 Americans die in the fighting in Europe and the Pacific 300,000 Americans die in the fighting in Europe and the Pacific 800,000 wounded 800,000 wounded Monetary Costs $320 billion (10x what WWI cost) $320 billion (10x what WWI cost) Federal spending increased 1000% between 1939 and 1945 Federal spending increased 1000% between 1939 and 1945 National debt rises to $250 billion, 5x debt of 1941 National debt rises to $250 billion, 5x debt of 1941

9 United Nations U.S., U.S.S.R., Britain, China propose the U.N. in a meeting in 1944 near Washington, D.C. U.S., U.S.S.R., Britain, China propose the U.N. in a meeting in 1944 near Washington, D.C. Congress immediately accepts the idea of the U.N., unlike the League of Nations after WWI Congress immediately accepts the idea of the U.N., unlike the League of Nations after WWI Delegates from 50 nations meet in San Francisco for eight weeks, draft the U.N. Charter Delegates from 50 nations meet in San Francisco for eight weeks, draft the U.N. Charter U.S. joins on October 24, 1945 U.S. joins on October 24, 1945


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