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Being Forthright Short words are the best, and old words, when short, are best of all. Winston Churchill Concise Familiar Clear Fluid Precise Forthright.

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Presentation on theme: "Being Forthright Short words are the best, and old words, when short, are best of all. Winston Churchill Concise Familiar Clear Fluid Precise Forthright."— Presentation transcript:

1 Being Forthright Short words are the best, and old words, when short, are best of all. Winston Churchill Concise Familiar Clear Fluid Precise Forthright NYP 45063

2 To make your language forthright, you should control tone and use strong nouns and verbs Use strong nouns and strong verbs Nouns Verbs Control tone tone

3 arrogant casual obfuscated silly forthright Tone is the attitude that the writer shows about the subject

4 much; many For formal situations, do not use informal language a lot of But... And... & btw vs. However,... In addition,... and by the way versus

5 Many scientists and engineers convey arrogance in their writing As is well known, the use of gaseous insulation is becoming increasingly more widespread, with gases such as air and sulfur hexafluoride featuring prominently. There has been some discussion of using gas mixtures like nitrogen and sulfur hexafluoride, and of course nitrogen is the major constituent of air. Obviously,...

6 Tone often goes out of control in correspondence For the facilitation of this end, Division 8463 will interface with Division As per your request... I beg to differ with... Enclosed please find... The liquid propellant fuel experienced an unscheduled partial disassembly.

7 Clichés are expressions that are too familiar When you come up to speed, I'll touch base with you and we'll knock heads together! I am in search of a meaningful growth position, and your company is a gateway to the highest professional levels and beyond… sly as a fox busy as a bee faster than a speeding bullet

8 To make your language forthright, you should control tone and use strong nouns and verbs Use strong nouns and strong verbs Nouns Verbs Control tone tone

9 Experimental design is a method of efficiently performing a comparative analysis. Specifically, a 2 3 design compares the main effects and the interactive effects of three variables on a final measured characteristic. The use of experimental design results in correct problem structuring, efficient experimentation, and data analysis leading to correct conclusions. Relying on abstract nouns weakens the writing

10 Experimental design is a method of efficiently performing a comparative analysis. Specifically, a 2 3 design compares the main effects and the interactive effects of three variables on a final measured characteristic. The use of experimental design results in correct problem structuring, efficient experimentation, and data analysis leading to correct conclusions. Relying on abstract nouns weakens the writing

11 Weak verbs hide the energy of your work A new process for eliminating nitrogen oxides from diesel exhaust engines is presented. Flow tube experiments to test this process are discussed. The percentage decrease in nitrogen oxide emissions is revealed.

12 can Also, the tighter the verb form, the stronger the verb is capable of is composed of is used to detect makes a decision makes a measurement of performs the development of consists of detects decides measures develops

13 Needlessly passive verbs slow your writing Misconception: Scientific writing must be written in the passive voice. Needless Passive Active 1. Allow inanimate objects to act 2. Use the first person judiciously

14 Problems can arise using the active voice with inanimate objects Safe Dangerous The oscilloscope displayed the voltage. The oscilloscope measured the voltage. V + - The oscilloscope calculated the voltage. V=

15 Misconception: In scientific writing, you cannot use the first person. Misconception: In scientific writing, you cannot use the first person. Users of the First Person Einstein Feynman Darwin Crick Maxwell Faraday Freud Curie Non-Users of the First Person It was decided that... It was assumed that... It was realized then that... Using the first person is fine as long as the emphasis remains on the work

16 Avoiding the first person often convolutes sentences In that an effort to identify a specific control circuit responsible for the failure of the gear box was unsuccessful, it was determined appropriate to resurvey the collector field for torque tube damage. Because we could not locate the control circuit responsible for the gear box failure, we resurveyed the collector field for torque tube damage.

17 Weak verbs hide the energy of your work A new process for eliminating nitrogen oxides from diesel exhaust engines is presented. Flow tube experiments to test this process are discussed. The percentage decrease in nitrogen oxide emissions is revealed. This paper presents a new process for eliminating nitrogen oxides from the exhaust of diesel engines. To test this process, we performed experiments in flow tubes. These experiments revealed a 99 percent decrease in nitrogen oxide emissions.

18 Being Forthright Short words are the best, and old words, when short, are best of all. Winston Churchill Concise Familiar Clear Fluid Precise Forthright NYP 45063


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