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Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Chapter 16 World War II 1939-1945 Standard 10. 8 Students analyze the causes and consequences of World War II.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Chapter 16 World War II 1939-1945 Standard 10. 8 Students analyze the causes and consequences of World War II."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Chapter 16 World War II 1939-1945 Standard 10. 8 Students analyze the causes and consequences of World War II

2 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Section 1 Hitler’s Lightning War Nonaggression pactblitzkrieg Charles de GaulleWinston Churchill Battle of BritainErwin Rommel Atlantic Charter

3 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Setting the Stage Hitler Grabs New Territories 1.Rhineland 2.Austria 3.Czechoslovakia 4.Now he demands the Polish Corridor!

4 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Germany Sparks a New War Nonaggression Pact 1.Germany and Soviet Union agree to divide Poland 2.Soviet Union could take over Finland and Baltic nations (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia)

5 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Germany’s Lightning Attack September 1, 1939 invasion of Poland France and Britain declare war blitzkrieg

6 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Invasion of Poland September 17 - Soviets attack eastern half of Poland. Then continues to the Baltic nations.

7 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Invasion of Finland November – 1 million Soviet troops attack Finland. Finns finally surrender in March 1940.

8 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Phony War Maginot Line Seigfried Line Sitzkrieg

9 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 End of the Phony War April 9, 1940 Germany invades Denmark and Norway Build military bases on coast in preparation for an attack on Britain

10 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Fall of France May 1940 Germany invades Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg (Low Countries) Attack through the Ardennes

11 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Rescue at Dunkirk Allied forces retreat to Dunkirk, French city near Belgian border Britain sends 850 ships to the rescue May 26- June 4 over 300,000 soldiers rescued

12 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 France Falls (1940) June 14- Paris captured June 22- France surrenders

13 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Fall of France Vichy France Charles de Gaulle Leader of the Free French Forces

14 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Battle of Britain Winston Churchill – prime minister of Britain “We shall never surrender”

15 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Even though large tracts of Europe and many old and famous States have fallen or may fall into the grip of the Gestapo and all the odious apparatus of Nazi rule, we shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender, and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this Island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our Empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God's good time, the New World, with all its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old. Winston Churchill Speech June 4, 1940

16 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Battle of Britain II

17 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Battle of Britain III British Royal Air Force (RAF)

18 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Battle of Britain IV 1940 Luftwaffe attacks Sept. 7, 1940 cities such as London are bombed daily

19 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Battle of Britain V Germany continues daily raids until May 10, 1941

20 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Axis Forces Attack North Africa September 1940 Italy attacks British controlled Egypt Suez Canal – why is the canal important?

21 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Britain Strikes Back Dec. 1940 – Feb. 1941 British push back Italians Afrika Corps under command of Erwin Rommel (Desert Fox) Germans capture Tobruk, Libya This is a real desert fox or a Fennec fox!

22 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 North Africa Battleground

23 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 War in the Balkans Hitler wants to build bases in SE Europe to launch an attack on USSR Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary join Axis April 1941 Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece

24 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Hitler Invades Soviet Union June 22, 1941 Operation Barbarossa Scorched- earth policy Sept. 8 city of Leningrad attacked Russians refuse to surrender

25 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Hitler Invades Soviet Union II October 2, 1941 Moscow is attacked “NO RETREAT!” Germans lose 500,000 soldiers

26 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 United States Aids Its Allies 1935 Neutrality Acts (remember ?) 1939 Cash n’ Carry March 1941 Lend- Lease Act Atlantic Charter 1.Free trade 2.Self-determination Sept. 4 U-boats fire on American ships

27 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Section 2 Japan’s Pacific Campaign Yamamoto Pearl Harbor Battle of MidwayDouglas MacArthur Battle of Guadalcanal

28 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Surprise Attack on Pearl Harbor United States believes Japanese are a threat to Philippines and Guam Japanese attack French Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos

29 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Surprise Attack II Japanese plan attacks on British and Dutch colonies in Southeast Asia Admiral Yamamoto believes that American outposts must be attacked as well

30 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Day Of Infamy – Dec. 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor

31 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Day of Infamy – Dec. 7, 1941

32 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Day of Infamy – Dec. 7, 1941 Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor

33 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Dec. 7, 1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor Photographs from Pearl Harbor

34 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Pearl Harbor 1.Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor? 2.Was the United States prepared for a war with Japan? 3.Why was Hawaii a strategic location for both the United States and Japan? 4.What were the immediate and long-term results of the attack?

35 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Japanese Victories Jan. 1942- Japanese attack Philippines Manila Philippines

36 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Bataan Death March I The Bataan Death March began at Mariveles on April 10, 1942. Any troops who fell behind were executed. Japanese troops beat soldiers randomly, and denied the POWs food and water for many days. One of their tortures was known as the sun treatment. The Philippines in April is very hot. Therefore, the POWs were forced to sit in the sun without any shade, helmets, or water. Anyone who dared ask for water was executed. On the rare occasion they were given any food, it was only a handful of contaminated rice. When the prisoners were allowed to sleep for a few hours at night, they were packed into enclosures so tight that they could barely move. Those who lived collapsed on the dead bodies of their comrades. For only a brief part of the march would POWs be packed into railroad cars and allowed to ride. Those who did not die in the suffocating boxcars were forced to march about seven more miles until they reached their camp. It took the POWs over a week to reach their destination.

37 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Bataan Death March II

38 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Bataan Death March III

39 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Japanese Victories “East Asia for the Asiatics”

40 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Allies Strike Back April 1942 Doolittle raid on Tokyo

41 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Allies Turn the Tide Battle of the Coral Sea Airplanes take off from aircraft carriers attack ships Allies stop Japan’s southward advance Midway Coral Sea

42 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Battle of Midway June 4, 1942 Admiral Yamamoto attacks American airfield at Midway Island Admiral Nimitz – commander of U.S. Pacific Fleet Turned the tide of the war towards the Allies!

43 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 An Allied Offensive General Douglas MacArthur “island-hop” strategy “In war there is no substitute for victory.” “I shall return.”

44 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Allied Offensive Battle of Guadalcanal Aug. 1942 Japanese attempt to build airbase on the island “Island of Death”

45 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Section 3 The Holocaust GhettoesFinal Solution genocide the mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime

46 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Holocaust

47 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Section 4 Allied Victory Dwight EisenhowerBattle of Stalingrad D-dayBattle of the Bulge kamikaze

48 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Setting the Stage Dec. 22, 1941- Churchill and Roosevelt meet at the White House Stalin wants Allies to open a second front in Western Europe. Why?

49 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Tide Turns on Two Fronts North Africa Campaign Gen. Montgomery Oct. 23, 1942 – Battle of El Alamein Axis powers retreat to the west Operation Torch 1.Nov. 8, 1942 – 100,000 troops land in Morocco led by Gen. Dwight Eisenhower 2.Africa Korps crushed in May, 1943

50 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Operation Torch

51 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Battle for Stalingrad 1.August 23, 1942- Luftwaffe begins nightly bombings 2.Nov. 19, 1942- Soviets counterattack and surround German soldiers 3.Feb.2, 1943- 90,000 Germans surrender

52 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Invasion of Italy 1.July 10, 1943 – Allies land on Sicily 2.July 25 – King Victor Emmanuel has Mussolini arrested 3.Sept. 3 – Italy surrenders 4.June 4, 1944 – Allies enter Rome

53 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Sicily Stalingrad Moscow Normandy Leningrad

54 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Japanese Internment Camps

55 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Victory in Europe D-Day Invasion (Operation Overlord) General Dwight Eisenhower in command June 6, 1944 British, American, French, Canadian soldiers

56 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Operation Overlord

57 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8

58 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Battle of the Bulge Germany has to fight on 2 fronts Germany decides to counterattack in the West

59 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8

60 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Germany’s Unconditional Surrender By April 1945 Soviets had surrounded capital city of Berlin American, French, British soldiers arriving from the west April 30, Hitler commits suicide May 7, 1945 Eisenhower accepts unconditional surrender of Germany May 9 V-E Day

61 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Victory in the Pacific Oct. 23, 1944 Battle of Leyte Gulf Japanese Navy destroyed kamikazes Philippines

62 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Victory in Pacific II March – June 1945 Americans capture islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa

63 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8 Japanese Surrender Manhattan Project led to development of atomic bomb 1 st atomic bomb tested on July 16, 1945 Aug. 6 President Truman decided to drop bomb on Hiroshima Aug. 9 another bomb dropped on Nagasaki

64 Chapter 16 WWII Standard 10.8


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