ArgentinaIranBulgaria* Australia*IraqGermany* Belgium*LebanonHungary* BoliviaLiberiaItaly* Brazil*Luxembourg*Japan* Canada*Mexico*Romania* ChileNetherlands*Thailand China*New Zealand* ColombiaNicaragua Costa RicaNorway* CubaPanama Czechoslovakia*Paraguay Denmark*Peru Dominican RepublicPoland* EcuadorRussia (USSR)* EgyptSan Marino El SalvadorSaudi Arabia Ethiopia*South Africa* France*Syria Great Britain*Turkey Greece* United States* GuatemalaUruguay HaitiVenezuela HondurasYugoslavia* India Allies vs Axis *Big 3 Countries
WWII POLITICAL ALLIESAXIS THE BIG THREE WINSTON CHURCHILL—Great Britain FDR---U.S. JOSEPH STALIN---Soviet Union BENITO MUSSOLINI ADOLF HITLER HIDEKI TOJO
Date PlaceParticipantsDecisions Dec to Jan June 1942 Washington Conference 1 st 2 nd FDR Winston Churchill Big 2 War Production, shipping, aid for China, diversion of German strength from Eastern Front and a North African invasion. Jan Casablanca Conference FDR Winston Churchill Big 2 Plans for invasion of Sicily and to step up Pacific War…D-day invasion in 1944 onto French coast. Unconditional Surrender of Germany Nov Teheran Conference FDR Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Big 3 1 st time “Big 3” meet. Stalin demands 2 nd front onto French coast…. Date of D-day invasion decided… General Eisenhower appointed as commander of Allies
General Dwight Eisenhower4 Star, US General Dwight Eisenhower Graduate of West Point Commanded Allied invasion on North Africa in 1942 D-Day.Named Supreme Allied Commander and in charge of D-Day. WWII Military Leaders
General George PattonGeneral George Patton Graduate of West Point Tank commander and commander of the 7 th Army Germans feared Patton “ole blood and guts”“ole blood and guts” WWII Military Leaders
General Douglas MacArthur WWII Military Leaders West Point Graduate Commanding general of troops in the Philippines Forced off the Philippines in “I shall return” 1944, Battle of Leyete Gulf---- “I have returned to re-take the Philippines”. Supreme Allied Commander in the South Pacific West Point Graduate Commanding general of troops in the Philippines Forced off the Philippines in “I shall return” 1944, Battle of Leyete Gulf---- “I have returned to re-take the Philippines”. Supreme Allied Commander in the South Pacific
LCD: landing craft devices---carried 36 men…..Higgins boat--- built by individual who made boats to run on the bayou….20,000 made for the D-Day To get through the barbed war, soldiers had to blast through with 10’ pipes filled with TNT. Two portable harbors were built and transported across the English channel and setup on 1 of the British beaches and 1 with the Americans. To get fuel from England to France, an underwater pipeline was laid which connected with the portable harbors to get fuel to the front.. To fool the Germans to believing the invasion was at Calais, the Allies dropped dummy parachute soldiers…..
= Canadian = Great Britain = United States
The Battle of the Bulge: Hitler’s Last Offensive Dec. 16, 1944 to Jan. 28, 1945
Yalta: February, 1945 FDR wants quick Soviet entry into Pacific war. FDR & Churchill concede Stalin needs buffer (Poland), FDR & Stalin want spheres of influence and a weak Germany. Churchill wants strong Germany as buffer against Stalin. FDR argues for a ‘United Nations’.
Yalta DECISIONS MADE AT YALTA United Nations Created a United Nations to promote world peace. Germany and Berlin US, British, France and Soviet Union Germany and Berlin would be divided into 4 zones controlled by the US, British, France and Soviet Union “free elections” Eastern European countries under Soviet control would have “free elections” Cold War Stalin agreed but kept Eastern Europe under Soviet control after WWII leading to the Cold War….. You cannot trust the words of a dictator”. The decisions at the Yalta Conference shaped the post WWII world. Many agreements were made but the lasting effect was: “You cannot trust the words of a dictator”.
FDR dies in Warm Springs, Georgia on April 12, 1945 Mussolini is executed by his own people on April 28, 1945 Hitler realizing that Berlin was about to fall, married his mistress, Eva Braun and both commit suicide on April 30, 1945.
United Nations United NationsAllied Powers became the United Nations. Germans surrender to the United Nations to end the war in Europe United Nations United NationsAllied Powers became the United Nations. Germans surrender to the United Nations to end the war in Europe
map/japan JAPANESE EXPANSION Dec. 7, 1941, Japan attacks Pearl Harbor US declares war on Japan Philippines Bataan Death MarchBataan Death March JAPANESE EXPANSION Dec. 7, 1941, Japan attacks Pearl Harbor US declares war on Japan Philippines Bataan Death MarchBataan Death March Guam Malaya New Guinea Threatening Australia and Hawaii Guam Malaya New Guinea Threatening Australia and Hawaii
Japanese Kamikaze Planes: The Scourge of the South Pacific Kamikaze Pilots Kamikaze bombers The last 2 years of the war, the Japanese resorted to “ suicidal bombers ” or Kamikaze bombers to destroy the American Navy. Approximately 2,800 Kamikaze attackers sunk 34 Navy ships, damaged 368 others, killed 4,900 sailors, and wounded over 4,800.
Big Three Churchill, Truman and Stalin meet in Potsdam, Germany in July Truman informed of successful test of bomb. Demanded unconditional surrender from Japanese or a new weapon would be used. potsdam
Some suggest that Truman was warning Stalin. YaltaIf he didn’t follow through with the decisions at Yalta, it could happen to the Soviet Union. potsdam
Arguments for use Japanese refused to surrender. Estimated an invasion similar to D-Day was needed to end war. Estimated Japan’s empire would last 2 years. Estimated Allied casualties at 1 million or more men with huge Japanese losses. Japanese leadership was told of the destructive power of the bomb Offered a period to surrender but declined. Arguments opposed Atomic bombs were untested and their destruction unknown Hiroshima and Nagasaki were not major military targets. Those killed in the attacks would be Japanese civilians. Radiation poisoning would have negative effects on the population. Nuclear weapons would set a precedent that using weapons of mass destruction was allowable in war
A joint Allied Project consisting of Canadian, British and U.S. scientists to build an atomic bomb. Started in 1940….. By July 1945, 3 bombs had been built. 1 bomb = 20,000 tons of TNT One would be set off in New Mexico successfully. A joint Allied Project consisting of Canadian, British and U.S. scientists to build an atomic bomb. Started in 1940….. By July 1945, 3 bombs had been built. 1 bomb = 20,000 tons of TNT One would be set off in New Mexico successfully.
My fellow Americans, the British, Chinese and United States governments have given the Japanese people adequate warning of what is in store for them. The world will note that the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a military base. If Japan does not surrender, bombs will have to be dropped on her war industries and unfortunately thousands of civilian lives will be lost.The world will note that the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a military base. If Japan does not surrender, bombs will have to be dropped on her war industries and unfortunately thousands of civilian lives will be lost. I urge Japanese civilians to leave industrial cities immediately and save themselves. President Harry Truman
Nagasaki – August 9, 1945 40,000 killed immediately 60,000 injured. 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.
Jap surrender Japan surrenders on Aug. 14, 1945……Official surrender ceremonies were held on Sept. 2, 1945