Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

World War II 1939-1945. Appeasement  Policy begun by Britain and France  Instituted to prevent war and possibly right the wrongs done by the Treaty.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "World War II 1939-1945. Appeasement  Policy begun by Britain and France  Instituted to prevent war and possibly right the wrongs done by the Treaty."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II

2 Appeasement  Policy begun by Britain and France  Instituted to prevent war and possibly right the wrongs done by the Treaty of Versailles  Included no reaction to rearmament, conscription (1935) re- occupation of the Rhineland (1936), anschluss with Austria (1938), taking of the Sudetenland (1938), and taking of Czechoslovakia  Many believed that Hitler could stop the progress of Communism and act as a defense against it’s influence

3 Hitler’s Germany  Hitler’s Goals Lebensraum Uniting all Germans Abolish the Treaty of Versailles  Rearmament 1933 – begins training of “road crew” 1935 Introduced conscription Increased spending on arms Huge rearmament rally. Naval agreement with Britain allowed German navy of 35% of British navy. Increased airforce to 8,250 by  Steps to War Rhineland Anschluss Sudetenland Czechoslovakia Poland

4 Europe  Nazi-Soviet Pact, August 23, 1939  Hitler invades Poland September 1, 1939  Blitzkrieg  September 3, 1939 Britain, France, Australia, and New Zealand declare war on Germany  The Phoney War  April 9, 1940 Germany invades Denmark and Norway  Churchill becomes Prime Minister  May 10, 1940 Germany invades France, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg  Germans attack France through the Ardennes

5 Europe 1940  May 26, 1940 Allied troops evacuate from Dunkirk  June 12, 1940 Italy declares war on France  June 14, 1940 Germans take Paris  June 22, 1940 France signs armistice with Hitler (Petain becomes the new premier of Vichy France)  France divided into occupied and un-occupied territory – Vichy France is un-occupied territory but under control of Hitler

6 North Africa and the Mediterranean  Mediterranean Important for trade, military, and oil supplies British wanted it for trade and to protect the Suez Canal Mussolini wanted it “Italian Lake” Hitler wanted it to get control of Britain’s oil supplies in Iraq and Persia (Iran) Balkans - Germans and Italians occupy Greece, Yugoslavia  North Africa Italians invade Egypt, Sept British begin offensive against Italians in North Africa, Dec Battle of Tobruk, January 1941 Italians defeated by O’Connor – also Sidi Barrani, Bardia, Benghazi, and El Alghelia Hitler sends Rommel (“Desert Fox”) and the Afrika Korps fight back – takes Libya back British on the defensive, pushed back to El Alamein

7 North Africa and the Mediterranean 1940 – 1943 (Con’t) Battle of El Alamein Montgomery defeats Rommel, pushes him back to Libya Beginning in late 1942 Montgomery begins defeating Rommel, then Patton lands in Morocco Operation Torch American and British led by Patton land in Morocco and Algeria German troops land in Tunisia to help Rommel

8 Europe 1941  Operation Sealion – Invasion of Britain after the defeat of the RAF  The Battle of Britain– Luftwaffe v. RAF (July- Sept. 1941)  The Blitz – September 7, 1941 – May 1942  The Battle of the Atlantic ( ) Battle for control of the North Atlantic Ocean

9 The War becomes a World War  Attack on Russia, begins Eastern Front – June 1941  Attack on America, begins war in the Pacific - December 7, 1941

10 Eastern Front  Operation Barbarossa – June 1941 Blitzkrieg – very successful against Russia Scorched Earth Policy and guerilla units used by Russia 3 groups of Germans invade – 1 to Leningrad (North), 1 to Moscow (Center), 1 to the Ukraine (South) January 1942 Russians pushing them out from Moscow Hitler orders Paulus to take Stalingrad “whatever the cost”  Battle of Stalingrad – Sept January 1943 Germans surrounded in Stalingrad Cut off from supplies by Soviet planes Paulus surrenders Jan ,000 soldiers  Battle of Leningrad – Sept. 8, January 18, ,000 Russians estimated (up to 1.2 million) died from starvation Operation Spark ends the seige

11 War in the Pacific  Pearl Harbor attacked Dec. 7, 1941  United Nations declaration signed, January 1, 1942  Japanese take over Manila (Americans in the Bataan Peninsula) Nimitz in charge of Pacific Then Take KL, Borneo, Mali, Sumatra, Timor, Singapore, Burma, Java, Corregidor – Battle of Java Sea, Battle of Coral Sea  Bataan Death March – 75,000 down to 54,000 (April)  Doolittle Raid – April  Battle of Midway – 4 Japanese carriers lost! – Turning Point for the Allies (enigma machine captured)  Guadalcanal, another limited victory

12

13

14 War in Europe (with American soldiers) 1942  January – UN Declaration signed  January - Germans meet, decide Final Solution  March - first Jews arrive at Auschwitz  July – Treblinka extermination camp opens  December – a British diplomat informs the House of Commons of mass executions of Jews by the Nazis  December - Battle of Barents Sea Between British and Germans All 14 British merchant ships reached their destination Hitler ends battleship program and concentrates on subs

15 Turning Points 1943  Battle of Kursk Operation Citadel “Lucy” spy network helped Russians Huge tank battle Abandoned after huge losses and the defeat of Rommel in Tunisia Broke the back of the Germans  Battle of El Alamein The last stand for the Allies Allies first cut off Rommel’s supplies Forces the retreat of Rommel’s forces

16 War in Europe and Africa 1943  January - Casablanca Conference Churchill and Roosevelt  January - Montgomery takes Tripoli  February - German’s surrender at Stalingrad  February - Soviets take back Kursk  March – Germans retreat from Tunisia  March - Battle of Atlantic at its height 27 Merchant ships sunk by U-boats  April – Warsaw ghetto uprising  June – Himmler orders elimination of all Jewish ghettos in Poland  July – Allies land in Sicily  July – Mussolini arrested, Italians surrender, Germans rescue him in Sept.

17 Europe and Africa 1943  October – Italy declares war on Germany  November - Russians recapture Kiev  November – Cairo Conference Roosevelt, Churchill, Chiang-Kai Shek  November – Tehran Conference Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin

18 Europe 1944  January – Allies land at Anzio  January – Battle of Leningrad ends  March – Soviets begin pushing Germans back  June – Allies enter Rome  June 6 – D-Day (Operation Overlord) British, Canadian, and U.S. troops (planned by Eisenhower) – invasion of Fortress Europe Omaha, Utah, Gold, Juno, and Sword Allies misled Germans – calling up Patton to head up the invasion with a phantom army opposite Calais 1 st Airborne troops dropped, capture key bridges 2 nd followed up with landings at all 5 beaches, Omaha worst hit of all – 2,000 casualties

19 Europe 1944  June – 1 st German V-1 Rocket used  July – Soviets capture Minsk  July 20 – Assassination attempt on Hitler fails  August – Allies take Paris, Soviets take Bucharest  September - Allies take back most of Belgium, most of France  October – Allies take Athens, Erwin Rommel commits suicide  October – last use of gas chambers in Auschwitz  December (- January) – Battle of the Bulge Over 1 million fought – casualties – 100,000 German - 80,000 American – 1400 Brits Hitler thought he could take Antwerp and create disagreements amongst the Allies Hitler is unstable, making questionable decisions  December – Soviets take Budapest

20 Europe 1945  January – Soviets take Warsaw, liberate Auschwitz  February – Yalta Conference Stalin, Churchill, FDR  February – Dresden destroyed  March - Allies take Danzig  April – Buchenwald liberated, FDR dies  April – Soviets reach Berlin, Americans in Nuremberg  April – Mussolini is hanged  April – Americans liberate Dachau  April 30 – Hitler commits suicide  May 7 – Unconditional surrender of German troops  May 8 – V-E Day  May 23 – Himmler commits suicide

21 Europe and Pacific 1945  June 5 – Allies divide Germany and Berlin  June 26 – UN Charter is signed  July – Potsdam Conference  July – Atlee becomes Prime Minister  August 6 – Bomb dropped on Hiroshima  August 8 – Soviets declare war on Japan  August 9 – Bomb dropped on Nagasaki  August 14 – Japanese surrender  August 15 – V-J (V-P) Day  October 24 – UN officially begins  November 20 – Nuremberg Trials begin

22 Main War Conferences  Casablanca (Jan 14-24, 1943) Churchill, Roosevelt Plans to invade Sicily and Italy Decision to invade France in 1944 “unconditional surrender”  Cairo (Nov , 1943) Churchill, Roosevelt, Chiang Kai- Shek Return Manchuria to China, free Korea – strip Japan of all overseas territory  Tehran (Nov. 28 – Dec 1, 1943) Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin Plans for two-front war + postwar cooperation Russia to enter war vs. Japan  Bretton Woods (July 1-15, 1944) Established the IMF  Yalta (Feb 4-11, 1945) Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin Stalin in a strong position Division of Germany decided The beginning of the Cold War? Gave USSR much of Eastern Europe  United Nations Conference (April 25 – June 26, 1945) Reps from 50 countries October 24 is UN Day  Potsdam (July 17 – Aug 2, 1945) Truman, Stalin, Churchill (Atlee) Demand Japanese surrender Agree on postwar Germany issues – 4 power Allied Control Council To Japan - Unconditional surrender or total destruction

23 Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin at Yalta


Download ppt "World War II 1939-1945. Appeasement  Policy begun by Britain and France  Instituted to prevent war and possibly right the wrongs done by the Treaty."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google