Presentation on theme: "WORLD WAR II 1. WWII IN EUROPE Allies vs Axis Powers"— Presentation transcript:
1WORLD WAR II 1. WWII IN EUROPE-------Allies vs Axis Powers Principles we fought forBig 3 and Military leadersStrategy:Get Hitler FirstStalin’s 2nd FrontUnconditional surrenderTurning point battles to 1945Invasion of North AfricaEl AlameinStalingradInvasion of Sicily and ItalyD-Day invasion----June 6, 1944Battle of the BulgeYalta Conference----Feb. 1945Three world leaders die in April of 1945WWII ends in Europe with the Battle for BerlinGermany surrenders, May 2, 1945Victory in Europe or VE Day---
4*Allied Nations or United Nations which provided military forces ALLIED POWERSAXIS POWERSArgentina Iran Bulgaria*Australia* Iraq Germany*Belgium* Lebanon Hungary*Bolivia Liberia Italy*Brazil* Luxembourg* Japan*Canada* Mexico* Romania*Chile Netherlands* ThailandChina* New Zealand*Colombia NicaraguaCosta Rica Norway*Cuba PanamaCzechoslovakia* ParaguayDenmark* PeruDominican Republic Poland*Ecuador Russia (USSR)*Egypt San MarinoEl Salvador Saudi ArabiaEthiopia* South Africa*France* SyriaGreat Britain* TurkeyGreece* United States*Guatemala UruguayHaiti VenezuelaHonduras Yugoslavia*India*Big 3 Countries*Axis nations which provided military forces*Allied Nations or United Nations which provided military forcesAllies vs Axis
5United Nations Allied Powers became the United Nations. Germans surrender to the United Nations to end the war in Europe
7WWII POLITICAL LEADERS ALLIES AXISTHE BIG THREEWINSTON CHURCHILL—Great BritainFDR---U.S.JOSEPH STALIN---Soviet UnionBENITO MUSSOLINI ADOLF HITLER HIDEKI TOJOWWII POLITICAL
8Big Three BIG THREE Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin FDR Relationship between the Big Three was “shaky” to say the least…..“The enemy of my enemy, is my friend”
9BIG THREEBig 3Stalin upset with the FDR and Churchill because they took their time establishing a “2nd Front” in Western Europe while Russian soldiers were being massacred by the Germans………...
10WAR CONFERENCES Date Place Participants Decisions Dec to Jan. 1942June 1942War Production, shipping, aid for China, diversion of German strength from Eastern Front and a North African invasion.Washington Conference 1st2ndFDRWinston Churchill Big 2Plans for invasion of Sicily and to step up Pacific War…D-day invasion in 1944 onto French coast. Unconditional Surrender of GermanyFDRWinston Churchill Big 2Jan. 1943Casablanca Conference1st time “Big 3” meet. Stalin demands 2nd front onto French coast…. Date of D-day invasion decided… General Eisenhower appointed as commander of AlliesFDR Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Big 3Nov. 1943Teheran Conference
11WWII MILITARY LEADERS 4 Star, US General Dwight Eisenhower Graduate of West PointCommanded Allied invasion on North Africa in 1942Named Supreme Allied Commander and in charge of D-Day.WWII Military Leaders
12Tank commander and commander of the 7th Army WWII MILITARY LEADERSGeneral George PattonGraduate of West PointTank commander and commander of the 7th ArmyGermans feared Patton“ole blood and guts”WWII Military Leaders
13WWII MILITARY LEADERS General Bernard Montgomery British commanding officerDefeated Rommel at El AlameinPatton and Montgomery did not like one anotherWWII Military Leaders
14WWII MILITARY LEADERS German General Erwin Rommel German tank commanderknown as the “Desert Fox”Implicated in attempt to kill Hitler and would be forced to commit suicide.WWII Military Leaders
15General Douglas MacArthur WWII MILITARY LEADERSWest Point GraduateCommanding general of troops in the PhilippinesForced off the Philippines in “I shall return”1944, Battle of Leyete Gulf---- “I have returned to re-take the Philippines”.Supreme Allied Commander in the South PacificGeneral Douglas MacArthurWWII Military Leaders
20Attack Hitler’s “soft underbelly” TURNING POINT BATTLES1942Allied invasion of North AfricaEl AlameinAttack Hitler’s “soft underbelly”
21The North Africa Campaign: The Battle of El Alamein, 1942 Gen. Ernst Rommel, The “Desert Fox”Gen. Bernard Law Montgomery (“Monty”)
22Attack Hitler’s “soft underbelly” TURNING POINT BATTLES1942Allied invasion of North AfricaEl AlameinAttack Hitler’s “soft underbelly”1943Battle of Stalingrad.
23Battle of Stalingrad: Winter of 1942-1943 German ArmyRussian Army1,011,500 men1,000,500 men10,290 artillery guns13,541 artillery guns675 tanks894 tanks1,216 planes1,115 planesStalin orders his troops to the “scorched earth policy”Germans are surrounded at Stalingrad and supply lines are cut by the Russians. Germans surrender to Soviets.
24Attack Hitler’s “soft underbelly” TURNING POINT BATTLES1942Allied invasion of North AfricaEl AlameinAttack Hitler’s “soft underbelly”1943Battle of Stalingrad.Allied invasion of Sicily
25The Italian Campaign [“Operation Torch”] : Europe’s “Soft Underbelly” Allies plan assault on weakest Axis area - North Africa - Nov May 1943George S. Patton leads American troopsGermans trapped in Tunisia - surrender over 275,000 troops.
26The Battle for Sicily: June, 1943 General George S. Patton