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Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND) Smart Growth / Smart Growth Toolkit.

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Presentation on theme: "Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND) Smart Growth / Smart Growth Toolkit."— Presentation transcript:

1 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND) Smart Growth / Smart Growth Toolkit

2 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development What is Traditional Neighborhood Development? Also called New Urbanism, village-style development, or neo-traditional planning; Mixes residential, commercial and civic uses in a compact area; Balances public and private space to enhance identity and value; Builds community, promotes walkability, and increases affordability. Use traditional MA cities, towns, villages as a model for the future.

3 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Typical Development Patterns Auto-dependent Development Low Density Development

4 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development What does TND look Like?

5 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development What does TND look like? Source: International Blvd, Oakland CA Before After

6 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Sprawl is costly –More water/sewer, fire/police, schools –Higher fuel/maintenance costs for drivers Sprawl is time-consuming –Longer commutes/more traffic congestion = less time for family, community, leisure Sprawl is unhealthy –More roads increase air/water pollution –Greater distances = less walking, cycling Why does TND make sense?

7 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Traditional New England and TND Downtown Concord, Massachusetts

8 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Traditional New England and TND South Weymouth Naval Air Station Proposed Village Center

9 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Traditional New England and TND How can TND be modified to reflect the rich historic context of New England communities?

10 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development TND is cost-effective; –Uses existing infrastructure –Reduces auto ownership TND is time-saving; –Reduces vehicle trips and commute times TND promotes health and safety; –Walkable communities  less obesity –Knowing neighbors increases security Why does TND make sense?

11 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development healthy kids Walkable neighborhoods afford exercise and… Why does TND make sense?

12 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Overview of TND Principles Principle 1: Town Center and Edges Principle 2: Connectivity Principle 3: Walkability Principle 4: Mixed Uses Principle 5: Mixed Housing Principle 6: Compatible Architecture Principle 7: Community-Oriented Design Principle 8: Vibrant Neighborhood Districts

13 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Town center anchored by –village green –residential and commercial buildings –transit stop Town edges… Civic buildings are prominent landmarks that terminate views and inspire community purpose Principle 1: Town Center and Neighborhood Edges Town Center Civic Buildings Town Edge

14 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development TND Principle 2: Connectivity Street Grid

15 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Principle 3: Walkability can you find the pedestrian?

16 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Principle 4: Mixed Uses residences above retail stores transit-friendly shopping district TND Main Street

17 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Principle 5: Mixed Housing multi-family homes accessory dwelling unit

18 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Principle 6: Compatible Architecture local forms

19 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Principle 7: Community-Oriented Urban Design front porches period streetlights

20 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development TND Principle 8: Vibrant Neighborhood Districts 16 th Street in the 1920’s

21 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development MA Communities with TND Bylaws Project Case Studies –Mashpee:Mashpee Commons –Holyoke: Churchill Homes –Boston: Harbor Point

22 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Case Study: Mashpee Commons— Mashpee, MA

23 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Case Study: Churchill Homes—Holyoke, MA multifamily home streetscape site plan

24 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Case Study: Churchill Homes—Holyoke, MA

25 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Case Study: Harbor Point—Boston, MA street proportions traditional design

26 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development I. Design Principles What steps are necessary to make TND happen?

27 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development I.Design Principles II. Charrette public participation What steps are necessary to make TND happen?

28 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development I.Design Principles II. Charrette III. Zoning Revisions What steps are necessary to make TND happen?

29 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Summary of TND

30 Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Traditional Neighborhood Development Mashpee Commons –www.mashpeecommons.comwww.mashpeecommons.com Churchill Homes –www.dietzarch.com/projects_churchill.htmlwww.dietzarch.com/projects_churchill.html Harbor Point –www.gcassoc.comwww.gcassoc.com Congress for the New Urbanism –www.cnu.org/www.cnu.org/ Other TND projects –www.tndtownpaper.com/neighborhoods.htmwww.tndtownpaper.com/neighborhoods.htm TND Resources


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