Presentation on theme: "INT/EXT: SCREENPLAYS FOR CLASSROOM LEARNING. "Audiences don't know somebody sits down and writes a picture. They think the actors make it up as they go."— Presentation transcript:
"Audiences don't know somebody sits down and writes a picture. They think the actors make it up as they go along.” -Billy Wilder (screenwriter/director) INTRODUCTION
What is a Screenplay? The screenplay as a text for analysis The screenplay as a creative writing product Getting started Questions TOPICS I’M COVERING:
Adapted from the Oxford English Dictionary: noun the script of a film, which may include dialogue, acting instructions and scene directions. WHAT IS A SCREENPLAY, EXACTLY?
Adapted from the Oxford English Dictionary: noun the script of a film, which may include dialogue, acting instructions and scene directions. From Scriptlab: Unlike the novelist, who has complete freedom to explore any point of view, shift between conscious and subconscious mind, explore a character or a story from multiple perspectives, etc., the screenwriter MUST write in present tense and only what the audience can SEE and HEAR. WHAT IS A SCREENPLAY, EXACTLY?
Like other narrative texts, such as novels, plays and short stories, you can use screenplays to analyse and evaluate: Plot Character Conflict Setting Themes ANALYSING SCREENPLAYS
LET’S CLOSE READ A SCENE We are going to look at the opening scene of Brokeback Mountain. While reading this scene, try to pick out information that helps establish: Character Plot Setting Conflict Theme
http://slugline.co/basics/ GET TO KNOW: PARTS OF A SCREENPLAY
Once you have mastered these scene components, you can essentially build a sequence of scenes which you can shape into an entire screenplay narrative.. BASIC PARTS OF A SCREENPLAY When you know the notes to sing, you can sing most anything!
Cinematic writing is about the compression of information. There is no time in a film to dawdle. Unlike a play, which relies heavily on dialogue to communicate information, a screenwriter may use dialogue and visual cues to evoke meaning. Screenplays are mindful of pace and momentum. It must be crafted to sustain action and audience attention – this means paring down the story to what is crucial. WHAT MAKES WRITING CINEMATIC?
Regular Prose by Stephen King “ When Andy came to Shawshank in 1948, he was thirty years old. He was a short neat little man with sandy hair and small, clever hands. He wore gold-rimmed spectacles. His fingernails were always clipped, and they were always clean. That’s a funny thing to remember about a man, I suppose, but it seems to sum up Andy for me. He always looked as if he should have been wearing a tie. On the outside he had been a vice- president in the trust department of a large Portland bank. Good work for a man as young as he was, especially when you consider how conservative most banks are…and you have to multiply that conservatism by ten when you get up into New England, where folks don’t like to trust a man with their money unless he’s bald, limping, and constantly plucking at his pants to get his truss around straight. Andy was in for murdering his wife and her lover.” Cinematic Writing by Frank Darabont “ANDY DUFRENSE, mid-20’s, wire rim glasses, three-piece suit. Under normal circumstances a respectable, solid citizen; hardly dangerous, perhaps even meek. But these circumstances are far from normal. He is disheveled, unshaven, and very drunk. A cigarette smolders in his mouth. His eyes, flinty and hard, are riveted to the bungalow up the path.” WHAT MAKES WRITING CINEMATIC?
A scene must… Move the action forward Provide information about the plot Reveal something about the character A well written scene will have two of the above elements. A great scene will have all three. THE SCENE AS A NARRATIVE UNIT
You are going to adapt an opening scene based on this text: Jack and Jill went up the hill to fetch a pail of water Jack fell down and broke his crown and Jill came tumbling after. Your scene must: Use the screenplay writing format Be no more than one page Extra challenge: present the story in the style of one of the following genres: horrorromanceperiod adventureaction SCENE WRITING ACTIVITY:
FADE IN. EXT. FARMLANDS – DAY Dust blows across the parched ground. The earth, deeply cracked and separated into jagged plates, supports no life. A FINGER traces the outline of a crack, picks up a piece of soil and crumbles it into the wind. JACK, 15, gaunt and unkempt, breathes shallowly and deliberately through cracked, peeling lips. He casts a steely gaze across the barren, shimmering horizon. In the distance, a miniscule patch of green protrudes from a sea of brown. Jack bends down. His hand grips the handle of a worn, wooden bucket. He begins walking. HERE’S MY SIMPLE GO:
Use one of the following paintings by Artist Edward Hopper to create a short scene. Think about: What is happening? What might be the conflict? Who are the characters? What are their backgrounds? What is the dialogue? What are their relationships with other chacraters? EDWARD HOPPER
Linda Seger The Art of Adaptation Syd Field Screenplay William Goldman, Adventures in the Screen Trade Which Lie Did I Tell? WHERE TO GET STARTED: BOOKS
Sourcing Screenplays Drew’s Script-o-Rama http://www.script-o-rama.com/snazzy/dircut.html http://www.script-o-rama.com/snazzy/dircut.html Internet Script Movie Database http://www.imsdb.com/ http://www.imsdb.com/ Simply Scripts http://www.simplyscripts.com/WR_resource.html http://www.simplyscripts.com/WR_resource.html Creative Support Elements of Cinema http://www.elementsofcinema.com http://www.elementsofcinema.com The Scriptlab http://thescriptlab.com/ http://thescriptlab.com/ Go Into the Story http://gointothestory.blcklst.com/ http://gointothestory.blcklst.com/ WHERE TO GET STARTED: WEBSITES
Podcasts Scriptnotes http://johnaugust.com/podcast http://johnaugust.com/podcast Scriptcast http://www.scriptdoctoreric.com/scriptcast http://www.scriptdoctoreric.com/scriptcast Q&A With Jeffrey Goldsmith http://www.theqandapodcast.com/ http://www.theqandapodcast.com/ WHERE TO GET STARTED: OTHERS
“We have suffered anonymity far too often. I appeal to all movie critics and feature writers to please always bear in mind that a film production begins and ends with a screenplay.” -Ernest Lehman(screenwriter) A THOUGHT: