Presentation on theme: "1. Who were the initial victims of HIV/AIDS in the 1980s? How did people react to the outbreak of the disease? 2. Considering the demographics of people."— Presentation transcript:
1. Who were the initial victims of HIV/AIDS in the 1980s? How did people react to the outbreak of the disease? 2. Considering the demographics of people initially effected by the disease, what social stigma developed around the disease? And what did that mean for people who had it? 3. What would mostly likely happen to someone who contracted AIDS in the early 1980s? 4. After the drugs were developed what was the biggest problem facing people who had contracted HIV/ AIDS?
33.3 American Society in a Conservative Age Objective: To understand the social and economic changes that occurred in society during the presidencies of Reagan and Bush Essential Question: What were the effects of the new conservative movement in American politics
Key Terms AIDS Pay equity L. Douglas Wilder Jesse Jackson Affirmative Action
Women’s Issues in the 1980s Political Gains Movement set back by the defeat of the ERA – Shift to trying to elect women to political office Geraldine Ferraro’s - VP nomination Congresswomen increased from 28-47 during 1980s Were still under represented in politics Economic Gains Still earned less then Men 76 cents to a dollar 31% of female heads of household lived in poverty- higher for minorities Pay Equity was enforced in gov. work- not necessarily the private sector Some companies started to give more flexible hours and other benefits to mothers ex. Maternity Leave These policies were not initiated by the Reagan and Bush administrations
African American Political Gains Rise in political participation – Mayors of Detroit, Los Angeles, Chicago, New Orleans, Philadelphia, Atlanta, and Washington D.C. 1990 L. Douglas Wilder- VA governor – 1 st African American Governor Jesse Jackson runs for Democratic nomination in 1984 and 1988 What other issues were African Americans facing during the 1980s?
African Americans in the Reagan Economy Political wins didn’t necessarily transfer into economic gains – Income gap rose throughout decade peaking in 1988 – Middle Class grew and moved into managerial and professional positions – Poor faced diminishing opportunities Reaganomics = welfare cuts Richmond v. J.A. Croson Company – Reversed previous court endorsement of Affirmative Action “There’s a finite pie and everybody wants his piece. Everybody is afraid of losing his piece of the pie. That’s what the fight against Affirmative Action is all about. People feel threatened. As for blacks they’re passé. They’re not in anymore. Nobody wants to talk about race.” -Sylvester Monroe
Latinos Fastest growing minority group during 1980s Currently largest minority group in the US Gained political power Toney Anaya- NM Governor Robert Martinez- FL Governor Promoted to prominent positions in Reagan and Bush administrations Native Americans Victim to budget cuts Advocated against bans on gambling Las Vegas style casinos Asian Americans 2 nd fastest growing minority group in U.S. Significant economic advances, little interest in political power “Model Minority” Gays and Lesbians Began to advocate for their rights AIDS epidemic George H.W. Bush increased funding for AIDS research Penalties for homosexuality were reduced in many states
James G. Watts “We have every kind of mix you can have. I have a black, I have a woman, two Jews and a cripple.”- James G. Watts, Secretary of the Interior – 1981-1983
Quiz 33.3 Replaced traditional pay scales for government workers, but rarely in the private sector He became gov. of Virginia in 1990. African American who ran for president both in 1984 and 1988 as a Democrat Policy designed to reverse the effects of discrimination This was the fastest growing minority group in the United States during the 1980s.