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Who are the Youth in Minnesota’s Juvenile Justice System? Presenter: Chris Bray, L.P., Ph.D.,Director of Juvenile Services, Minnesota Department of Corrections.

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Presentation on theme: "Who are the Youth in Minnesota’s Juvenile Justice System? Presenter: Chris Bray, L.P., Ph.D.,Director of Juvenile Services, Minnesota Department of Corrections."— Presentation transcript:

1 Who are the Youth in Minnesota’s Juvenile Justice System? Presenter: Chris Bray, L.P., Ph.D.,Director of Juvenile Services, Minnesota Department of Corrections June 19, 2008

2 Presentation Assistance Provided by: Allison Anfinson; School Safety Center, Minnesota Department of Public Safety Chris Bray; Minnesota Department of Corrections Danette Buskovick; Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Office of Justice Programs Cheryl Holm-Hanson; Wilder Research Tricia Hummel; Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Office of Justice Programs Cheryl Kreager; Juvenile Justice Coalition of Minnesota Dana Swayze; Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Office of Justice Programs

3 Challenges: Data Limitations Multiple Systems Involved Data Privacy Rules County & School District Based System

4 What Do We Know? About Delinquent Youth

5 Minnesota Population Less Than 18 1,257,264 Juvenile Arrests for Criminal Offenses 54,384 Juvenile Delinquency Petitions 21,595 Minnesota Juvenile Justice Involved Youth 2006 Juvenile Probation 14, 742 Secure Admissions to Detention and Secure Admissions to Residential Programs Adult Certification Sources: : “From “Getting By” to “Getting Ahead,” Kids County Data Book 2008, Children’s Defense Fund Minnesota accessed at State of Minnesota Department of Public Safety, “Minnesota Crime Information 2003,” Bureau of Criminal Apprehension Criminal Justice Information Systems Uniform Crime Report accessed at Research and Evaluation Court Services Division State Court Administrator’s Office Minnesota Supreme Court; Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Office of Justice Programs.http://www.bca.state.mn.us/CJIS/Documents/Page html 98 15,000

6 Minnesota Child Population by Race/Ethnicity (2006) White, Non-Hispanic79%(988,666) Black, Non-Hispanic6%(80,048) American Indian, Non-Hispanic 1% (18,499) Asian, Non-Hispanic5%(58,032) Native Hawaiian, Other Pacific <1%(562) Islander, Non-Hispanic Two or More Races, 3%(38,166) Non-Hispanic Hispanic or Latino6%(73,291) Child Population 1,257,264 Source: “From “Getting By” to “Getting Ahead,” Kids County Data Book 2008, Children’s Defense Fund Minnesota accessed at

7 Offense & Race of Persons Arrested in Minnesota Under Age 18 (2006) OffenseWhite (79% of Pop.) African American (6% of Pop.) Indian/ Alaskan Native (1% of Pop.) Asian (5% of Pop.) Part 1 11,319 61% 6,915 30% 3,414 3% 375 5% 615 Part II 33,706 67% 22,431 26% 8,893 4% 1,426 3% 956 Curfew/ Loitering 4,966 21% 1,052 68% 3,386 7% 349 4% 179 Runaway 4,393 42% 1,830 44% 1,951 4% % 429 Total 54,384 59% 32,228 32% 17,644 4% 2,333 5% 2,719 Source: “State of Minnesota Department of Public Safety 2006 Crime Information,” Bureau of Criminal Apprehension Criminal Justice Information Systems Uniform Crime Report, accessed April 4, 2008, The number of Hispanic and Non-Hispanic youth was not separated out

8 School Crime Data: County Attorney Cases in Three Metro Counties (2007) HennepinRamseyDakota Total Reviewed 10,5364,6063,848 Delinquency Cases * School Crimes2,331 (22%)927 (20%)934 (24%) ** Truancy Referrals1, ** * Does not include Truancy or Status Offenses ** academic year Source: Hennepin, Ramsey and Dakota County Attorney’s Offices

9 Petition Cases (Charges Filed) by Race/Ethnicity 2006 White39% 8,373 Black or African American21% 4,551 Hispanic or Latino6% 1,237 Asian*3% 645 American Indian or Alaskan Native5% 1,096 Other/Mixed3% 747 Unknown23%4,946 All Minorities38% 8,276 Total21,595 *Includes Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islanders. Source: State Court Administrator’s Office

10 Juvenile Probation By Race (2006) White54%8,002 Black24% 3,466 American Indian6% 949 Asian/Pacific Islander4%580 Unknown10%1,492 Other 2%253 Hispanic6%930 Non-Hispanic94%13,812 Total14,742 Source: “2006 Probation Survey, Minnesota Department of Corrections;

11 Summary Data 2007 (DOC) Youth Level of Service Inventory Initial Risk to Re-Offend Assessments N=2350 Low RiskMedium RiskHigh Risk 21%58%21%

12 Corrections Youth in Placement 2005 DHS SSIS Data Children Receiving Care and Supervised by Corrections All Children Receiving Care Caucasian55.5%56% African American 23%20% Native American9.2%11.5% Asian4%2%

13 Red Wing & Juvenile Probation Race/Ethnicity < 1% of delinquents end up in Red Wing Probation on 12/31/2006 N=14,742 Red Wing on 3/30/06 N=143 Caucasian54%27% Black24%40% American Indian6%22% Asian/Pacific Islander 4%1% Hispanic/Latino6%8%

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15 Council Child Caring Agencies 2006 Annual Report Legal StatusPresenting problems RaceFinancial Support Outcomes 6 mon. after discharge 45% Delinquent92% oppositional 59% White77% counties87% attending school 55% CHIPS87% depressed, sad 18% African American 34% private insurance 83% no new convictions 84% impulsive acts 11% Native American 2% parent contribution 58% completed program 83% parent/child relationships 9% Hispanic 77% substance abuse for youth in correctional facilities 9% Multicultural 3% Asian

16 Cases Transferred to Adult Court (2006) W hite23% 23 Black or African American30% 29 Hispanic or Latino4% 4 Asian*2% 2 American Indian or Alaska Native9% 9 Other/Mixed0%0 Unknown32%31 All Minorities45% 44 Total98 * Includes Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Source: State Court Administrator’s Office

17 Points of Contact Black or African American Hispanic or Latino AsianNative Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander American Indian or Alaska Native Other/ MixedAll Minorities Juvenile Arrests *3.16*3.03 Refer to Juvenile Court -- * * Cases Diverted -- * * Cases Involving Secure Detention *3.44*2.54 Cases Petitioned *2.02*1.52 Cases Resulting in Delinquent Findings -- * * Cases Resulting in Probation Placement *0.04*0.03 Cases Resulting in Confinement in Secure Juvenile Correctional Facilities *1.53*1.40 Cases Transferred to Adult Court 2.32** *2.99*1.94 Group meets 1% Threshold? Yes NoYesNo

18 Juvenile Justice Mental Health Screening Data (2005) 14,785 new juvenile probation entries 9,594 youth in detention or found delinquent met screening criteria 56% completed screens 71% of completed screens were referred for assessment Source: Minnesota Department of Human Services

19 Dual System Youth (2002/2003) 30% of youth in child welfare became dual system youth (justice involved) in 2002/2003 Ages Reached a permanency decision in 2002

20 What Do We Know? About Students

21 Minnesota School Enrollment Grades K ,243 All Reported Disciplinary Incidents 74,243 Removal/Out-of-School Suspensions (One Day or Longer) 47,347 7,909 1,616 Disciplinary Incidents Involving Weapons Disciplinary Incidents Student with an IEP Source: Minnesota Department of Education, School and Special Education Enrollment ( ), Minnesota Department of Education, “Dangerous Weapons and Disciplinary Incidents School Year , February 2007, FY 2007 Report to the Legislature. Minnesota Academic Year Disciplinary Incidents Without Over Representation of Students with an IEP 48,460

22 Race/Ethnicity of Offenders & School Enrollment Population ( Academic Year) Race/EthnicityOffendersEnrolled Population White/Non-Hispanic42.2%(31,334)77% (639,655) Black/Non-Hispanic39.9%(29,621)9% (74,985) Hispanic7.5% (5,545)6% (47,387) Native American5.9% (4,382)2% (17,351) Asian/Pacific Islander2.6% (1,965)6% (48,865) Total74,243*828,243 * Missing data: 1,396 (1.9%) Source: Minnesota Department of Education, “Dangerous Weapons and Disciplinary Incidents School Year , February 2007, FY 2007 Report to the Legislature.

23 Top Disciplinary Offenses ( Academic Year) Disruptive/Disorderly Conduct/Insubordination35.7% (25,807) Fighting17.1% (12,409) Assault8.4% (6,108) Threat/Intimidation4.9%(3,554) Attendance4.6%(3,360) Other4.4%(3,208) Source: Minnesota Department of Education, “Dangerous Weapons and Disciplinary Incidents School Year , February 2007, FY 2007 Report to the Legislature.

24 Minnesota Department of Education State Enrollment Data 2006 All Students Special Ed Students EBDDiscipline Incidents Sp Ed Discipline Incidents EBD Discipline Incidents Gen ED Caucasian 77%75%67%51% 48% African American 9%12%22%35% 34% Hispanic 6% 7%8% Asian 6%4% 6%5%6% Native American 2%3%1%2%1%4%

25 How Do Minnesota Youth in Correctional Facilities Compare to the General School Youth Population?

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41 What Do We Know? About Family Engagement

42 PACER Family Needs Research Project 2004 A parent survey designed to better understand what parents & families need from mental health system. Public Policy Recommendations included: Access and information Training Funding

43 Parents as Partners 26 multidisciplinary focus groups conducted throughout the state in 2007/08 Every professional from every discipline, including parents and parent advocates acknowledged the need to better engage parents as partners

44 Presentation Assistance Provided by: Allison Anfinson; School Safety Center, Minnesota Department of Public Safety Chris Bray; Minnesota Department of Corrections Danette Buskovick; Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Office of Justice Programs Cheryl Holm-Hanson; Wilder Research Tricia Hummel; Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Office of Justice Programs Cheryl Kreager; Juvenile Justice Coalition of Minnesota Dana Swayze; Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Office of Justice Programs


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