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Attack Graphs for Proactive Digital Forensics Tara L. McQueen Delaware State University Louis P. Wilder Computational Sciences and Engineering Division.

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Presentation on theme: "Attack Graphs for Proactive Digital Forensics Tara L. McQueen Delaware State University Louis P. Wilder Computational Sciences and Engineering Division."— Presentation transcript:

1 Attack Graphs for Proactive Digital Forensics Tara L. McQueen Delaware State University Louis P. Wilder Computational Sciences and Engineering Division August 2009

2 2Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Overview Purpose Cyber Security Hacking Proactive digital forensics Attack graphs Universal Serial Bus (USB) exploits Registry and event logs Future work

3 3Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Purpose Increase cyber security Identify possible cyber attacks as they occur Create attack graph of USB exploit Link event logs and registry data to attack graph Investigate theoretical proactive design

4 4Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Cyber security Maintaining confidentiality, availability and access of information Identifying legitimate –Users –Requests –Tasks Preserving information integrity Mending network vulnerabilities Hacking prevention/detection

5 5Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Cyber protection Growing need as fraudulent activity and electronic commerce increases Affecting industries dependent on –Networks –Computer Systems –Internet

6 6Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Hacking Gaining unauthorized –Access –Control –Data Using technical knowledge and exposed information Cleaning tracks Preventing is difficult and expensive

7 7Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Proactive digital forensics Anticipating hacker/exploit path Detecting hacker/exploit in process Collecting proper data immediately for judicial efforts Enhancing security

8 8Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Attack graphs Communicate information about threats Display combinations of vulnerabilities Shows –Vulnerabilities as vertices –Hierarchical constraints as edges

9 9Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy USB attack Take milliseconds to initiate (drive by) Collect confidential documents Send worm through network Execute applications automatically Easy to develop, retrieve and unleash Occur unknowingly

10 10Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Registry and event logs Standard on Windows Monitors events –Application –Security –System Identifies operations and information Essential for attack graph

11 11Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Windows XP registry

12 12Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Windows XP event logs

13 13Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy USB exploit attack graph

14 14Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Theoretical proactive design

15 15Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Conclusion Numerous of attack paths can be targeted Systematic and proactive approach can be reached Real-time detection and alerts Detailed recordings can be triggered for judicial efforts

16 16Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Future work Create plug-in Implement design on test network Run trial exploit Research and prepare other exploits/attacks

17 17Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Acknowlegments Louis P. Wilder, Christopher Lanclos, Sharon Hastings, Joe Trien George Seweryniak, Debbie McCoy, Rashida Askia and Cindy Latham The Research Alliance in Math and Science program is sponsored by the Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research, U.S. Department of Energy. The work was performed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC under Contract No. De- AC05-00OR This work has been authored by a contractor of the U.S. Government, accordingly, the U.S. Government retains a non-exclusive, royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for U.S. Government purposes.


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