Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

To Kill A Mockingbird A True Classic By Harper Lee.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "To Kill A Mockingbird A True Classic By Harper Lee."— Presentation transcript:

1 To Kill A Mockingbird A True Classic By Harper Lee

2 Harper Lee and Her Novel

3 Family of Harper Lee Born: April 28, 1926 in Monroeville, Alabama…real name Nelle Harper Lee Born: April 28, 1926 in Monroeville, Alabama…real name Nelle Harper Lee Parents: Amasa (father) Parents: Amasa (father) Frances Cunningham Finch (mother) Frances Cunningham Finch (mother) Father: lawyer and served in the Alabama Legislature

4 Siblings of Harper Lee Youngest of four children Youngest of four children Sister: Alice was a lawyer and practiced with her father Sister: Alice was a lawyer and practiced with her father Sister: Louise married Hank Conner and had two children Sister: Louise married Hank Conner and had two children Brother: Edwin Coleman married Sara Anne McCall and had two children Brother: Edwin Coleman married Sara Anne McCall and had two children

5 Education of Harper Lee Youngest of four children…educated at Monroeville public schools Youngest of four children…educated at Monroeville public schools Attended Huntingdon College Attended Huntingdon College Studied law at the University of Alabama Studied law at the University of Alabama Studied one year at Oxford University Studied one year at Oxford University

6 Employment of Harper Lee Worked as a reservation clerk with Eastern Air Lines and British Overseas Airline Company in 1950’s Worked as a reservation clerk with Eastern Air Lines and British Overseas Airline Company in 1950’s Gave up job to focus on her writing Gave up job to focus on her writing Divided her time between NYC and Monroeville Divided her time between NYC and Monroeville

7 Friends Growing Up Growing up loved to write Growing up loved to write Truman Capote was her neighbor Truman Capote was her neighbor Born Sept. 30, 1924 Born Sept. 30, 1924 Died Aug. 25, 1984 Died Aug. 25, 1984 Wrote Breakfast at Tiffany’s (1955) and In Cold Blood (1966) Wrote Breakfast at Tiffany’s (1955) and In Cold Blood (1966) Spent summers in Monroeville Spent summers in Monroeville

8 Writing the Novel Compiled the story Compiled the story Submitted it for publishing to J.B. Lippincott Company Submitted it for publishing to J.B. Lippincott Company Urged to rewrite because too much like a group of short stories rather than a novel Urged to rewrite because too much like a group of short stories rather than a novel Worked with an editor for two and a half years to rewrite Worked with an editor for two and a half years to rewrite Resubmitted in 1960 Resubmitted in 1960

9 The Novel’s Reception Published July 1960 Published July 1960 Placed on best seller list for 85 weeks straight Placed on best seller list for 85 weeks straight Printed in ten languages Printed in ten languages Became book of the month Became book of the month Became a Reader’s Digest condensed book Became a Reader’s Digest condensed book Paperback of the year in 1962 Paperback of the year in 1962 Won the Pulitzer Prize Won the Pulitzer Prize

10 To the Big Screen Made into a movie Made into a movie Gregory Peck won the Academy Award for his role as Atticus Finch Gregory Peck won the Academy Award for his role as Atticus Finch Mary Badham Wilt played Scout Mary Badham Wilt played Scout Nominated for Best Supporting Actress at age ten, but lost to Patty Duke Nominated for Best Supporting Actress at age ten, but lost to Patty Duke

11 Movie Cast Dill: John Menga Miss Maudie: Rosemary Murphy Mrs. Dubose: Ruth White Tom Robinson: Brock Peters Calpurnia: Estelle Evans Mayella: Colin Wilcox Paxton Bob Ewell: James Anderson Aunt Stephanie: Alice Ghostley Boo: Robert Duvall Nathan: Richard Hale Jem: Philip Alford

12 Novel’s Background The novel is based on the following: The novel is based on the following: National events National events Specific people Specific people Personal experience Personal experience

13 National Events Scottsboro Trial Scottsboro Trial Alleged gang rape of two white girls Alleged gang rape of two white girls Nine black teenagers accused Nine black teenagers accused Southern freight train from Chattanooga to Memphis Southern freight train from Chattanooga to Memphis March 25, 1931 March 25, 1931 April 9, 1931…nine were sentenced to death April 9, 1931…nine were sentenced to death Mistrial for the ninth because of his youth Mistrial for the ninth because of his youth Executions suspended because of appeals Executions suspended because of appeals November 7, 1932 US Supreme Court ordered new trials because they had not had adequate legal representation November 7, 1932 US Supreme Court ordered new trials because they had not had adequate legal representation

14 Maycomb is Like Monroeville Truman Capote was Dill Truman Capote was Dill Atticus was based on Harper’s dad Atticus was based on Harper’s dad Calpurnia was similar to Hattie Belle Clausell the negro woman who helped Harper Lee’s mom Calpurnia was similar to Hattie Belle Clausell the negro woman who helped Harper Lee’s mom The Radley family was similar to the Boleware family who lived on the same street at Harper’s family…their son got into trouble with the law and was kept inside under the father’s watch… very similar to Boo The Radley family was similar to the Boleware family who lived on the same street at Harper’s family…their son got into trouble with the law and was kept inside under the father’s watch… very similar to Boo Stores in the book are like those in Monroeville…the courthouse was at the center of the town square in both places Stores in the book are like those in Monroeville…the courthouse was at the center of the town square in both places

15 Monroeville Today Monroeville, the county seat of Monroe County, was named, like the county, for U. S. President James Monroe. The land was originally held by Creek Indians. Total size of the county is 1,019 square miles, the ninth largest of-Alabama's counties.

16 In and Around Monroeville Today

17 Concepts from the Novel Legal Aspects Prosecution: The state of Alabama (Mr. Gilmer) Prosecution: The state of Alabama (Mr. Gilmer) Defense: Tom Robinson (Defendant) Atticus Finch (lawyer) Defense: Tom Robinson (Defendant) Atticus Finch (lawyer) Judge: Mr. Taylor Judge: Mr. Taylor Jury: all white men who are farmers and uneducated Jury: all white men who are farmers and uneducated Court: old worn down inside and outside mighty Greek columns…opposites Court: old worn down inside and outside mighty Greek columns…opposites Witness: testifies to what he/she saw Witness: testifies to what he/she saw Summation: closing remarks Summation: closing remarks Evidence: eye witness account…no doctor Evidence: eye witness account…no doctor Bench: where the judge sits Bench: where the judge sits

18 Flowers of the South Holly Holly Collards Collards Camellias Camellias Azaleas Azaleas Cotton Cotton Chinaberries Chinaberries Dewberries Dewberries Pecan tree Pecan tree Cannas Cannas Mimosa Mimosa Kudzu Kudzu Hickory nuts Hickory nuts Scuppernongs Scuppernongs Wisteria Wisteria Geraniums Geraniums Gardenias Gardenias Johnson grass Johnson grass Scuppernongs Chinaberries Camellias

19 Foods of the South Collards Collards Hickory nuts Hickory nuts Fried chicken Fried chicken Scuppernongs Scuppernongs Lemonade Lemonade Pound cake Pound cake Lane cake Lane cake Ice cream Ice cream Ham Ham Summer vegetables Summer vegetables Peach pickles Peach pickles Ambrosia Ambrosia Biscuits and butter Biscuits and butter Cornbread Cornbread Pork and beans Pork and beans Fried pork chops Fried pork chops Coca cola Coca cola Sardines Sardines Crackers Crackers Nehi cola Nehi cola Potato salad Potato salad Pickled pigs’ knuckles Pickled pigs’ knuckles Charlotte Charlotte Dewberry tarts Dewberry tarts Cookies Cookies Divinity Divinity Angel food cake Angel food cake Biscuits and gravy Biscuits and gravy Butterbeans Butterbeans

20 Culture of the 1930’s People People Amelia Earhart…1st woman to fly solo across Atlantic Amelia Earhart…1st woman to fly solo across Atlantic Jessie Owens…African American athlete...4 gold medals in track and field 1936…Olympics Berlin Jessie Owens…African American athlete...4 gold medals in track and field 1936…Olympics Berlin Art Art Mt. Rushmore completed by Gutzon Borglum Mt. Rushmore completed by Gutzon Borglum Jason Pollock artist Jason Pollock artist Empire State Building, Chrysler Building, Rockefeller Center Empire State Building, Chrysler Building, Rockefeller Center Education Education School terms shortened because depression led to short money supply- taxes School terms shortened because depression led to short money supply- taxes Dick and Jane books Dick and Jane books

21 Culture Continued… Fashion and Fads Fashion and Fads Hobby…stamp collecting Hobby…stamp collecting Monopoly…20, 000 sets sold in a week in 1935 Monopoly…20, 000 sets sold in a week in 1935 Lou Gehrig and Joe DiMaggio Lou Gehrig and Joe DiMaggio Zipper used in clothes Zipper used in clothes Literature Literature Writers Writers F. Scott Fitzgerald F. Scott Fitzgerald Hemingway Hemingway Steinbeck Steinbeck Wilder Wilder Music Music Duke Ellington Duke Ellington Benny Goodman Benny Goodman Glenn Miller Glenn Miller 1931 Star Spangled Banner 1931 Star Spangled Banner

22 Culture Continued… Radio Radio 80% people owned one by % people owned one by 1939 Jack Benny Show…Lone Ranger…soap operas…The Shadow Jack Benny Show…Lone Ranger…soap operas…The Shadow Science/Technology Science/Technology NY World’s Fair 1939 World of Tomorrow NY World’s Fair 1939 World of Tomorrow Einstein immigrated to US in 1933 professor at Princeton Einstein immigrated to US in 1933 professor at Princeton Better refrigeration Better refrigeration Nylon made Nylon made 1938 photocopying started 1938 photocopying started Theater and Film Theater and Film Hollywood flourished Hollywood flourished Clark Gable…Bette Davis…Shirley Temple Clark Gable…Bette Davis…Shirley Temple Gone with the Wind Gone with the Wind

23 Culture Continued… Dick and Jane Reader: Popular basal reader Popular basal reader Written by Zerna Sharp Written by Zerna Sharp Relied on sight reading and repetition....ignored phonics Relied on sight reading and repetition....ignored phonics Stories about family life Stories about family life 1965 integration of school....characters changed 1965 integration of school....characters changed Main original characters Main original characters Jane Jane Dick Dick Spot Spot Mom Mom Dad Dad

24 Characters Atticus Finch Ideal view of justice Ideal view of justice Understands true worth of people whether black or white Understands true worth of people whether black or white Doesn’t allow prejudice to get in the way Doesn’t allow prejudice to get in the way Teaches his children well Teaches his children well Wants his kids to be compassionate and understanding of all people Wants his kids to be compassionate and understanding of all people His sister doesn’t agree with all his beliefs His sister doesn’t agree with all his beliefs Central figure…his name is a term that refers to greatness and it implies learning, culture, and heroism Central figure…his name is a term that refers to greatness and it implies learning, culture, and heroism Source of strength and help Source of strength and help Has a sense of integrity Has a sense of integrity

25 Characters Scout Finch Jean Louise Jean Louise Narrator Narrator Innocent young child…6 to 9 years old Innocent young child…6 to 9 years old Open-minded Open-minded Learns the complexities of life Learns the complexities of life Gains understanding Gains understanding Nickname because she is the scout of Maycomb Nickname because she is the scout of Maycomb Tomboy Tomboy Idolizes her father Idolizes her father A bit bossy A bit bossy Smart…quick thinking Smart…quick thinking

26 Characters Jem Finch Jeremy Jeremy Older brother Older brother Grows up…changes the most Grows up…changes the most 10 years old to years old to 13 Acts similar to Atticus Acts similar to Atticus

27 Characters Calpurnia Black cook and housekeeper for the Finch family Black cook and housekeeper for the Finch family Link between the black and white worlds Link between the black and white worlds Raises the Finch children…disciplines them Raises the Finch children…disciplines them Learned to read and write from old law books Learned to read and write from old law books

28 Characters Dill Harris Real name Charles Baker Harris Real name Charles Baker Harris From Meridian, Mississippi From Meridian, Mississippi Play companion of Jem and Scout Play companion of Jem and Scout Comes to Maycomb each summer to his aunt’s house, Miss Rachel Comes to Maycomb each summer to his aunt’s house, Miss Rachel Has no father and is unwanted by his mother…lonely Has no father and is unwanted by his mother…lonely Looks like a misfit Looks like a misfit Has a talent for telling tales from books and movies Has a talent for telling tales from books and movies Enthralled by the Radley house and family Enthralled by the Radley house and family

29 Characters Boo Radley Neighbor to the Finch family Neighbor to the Finch family Has not been outside in many years…stories surround him…stabbing father with scissors Has not been outside in many years…stories surround him…stabbing father with scissors Symbol of kindness and bravery Symbol of kindness and bravery Phantom….hence his name Phantom….hence his name He seems to be the town freak but has a greater sense of values He seems to be the town freak but has a greater sense of values Foils Bob Ewell’s plan of attack Foils Bob Ewell’s plan of attack Kids learn that he is very different than they imagine Kids learn that he is very different than they imagine

30 Characters Miss Maudie Kids favorite neighbor Kids favorite neighbor Supports Atticus and what he does Supports Atticus and what he does Widow in her forties Widow in her forties Serves as a role model for Scout Serves as a role model for Scout Makes cakes Makes cakes House burns House burns Well respected Well respected

31 Characters Aunt Alexandra Atticus’s younger sister Atticus’s younger sister Is at odds with Atticus and his beliefs Is at odds with Atticus and his beliefs Is preoccupied with family and the reputation Is preoccupied with family and the reputation Comes to help turn Scout into a lady Comes to help turn Scout into a lady

32 Characters Miss. Stephanie Crawford Prejudice Prejudice Town gossip Town gossip Spreads rumors about Boo Radley Spreads rumors about Boo Radley

33 Characters Mrs. Dubose Old neighbor Old neighbor Kids think that she is mean Kids think that she is mean Taunts and frightens the kids Taunts and frightens the kids Struggles at the end to free herself of the morphine addiction Struggles at the end to free herself of the morphine addiction

34 Characters Bob Ewell Poor farmer Poor farmer Makes no attempt to live with dignity Makes no attempt to live with dignity Often abuses his 8 children Often abuses his 8 children Unemployed drunk Unemployed drunk Dependent on town charity Dependent on town charity Lives in squalor next to the town dump Lives in squalor next to the town dump Angry man Angry man

35 Characters Mayella Ewell Bob Ewell’s 19 year old daughter Bob Ewell’s 19 year old daughter Has no friends Has no friends Lonely Lonely Kind but not smart Kind but not smart

36 Characters Tom Robinson African American who is wrongfully accused of raping Mayella African American who is wrongfully accused of raping Mayella Strong, handsome and in his twenties Strong, handsome and in his twenties Has a wife Helen and 3 kids Has a wife Helen and 3 kids Described as clean living Described as clean living Works for Link Deas Works for Link Deas Hand crippled from cotton gin accident Hand crippled from cotton gin accident

37 Miss. Caroline Fisher Teacher Twenty-one Looks like a peppermint Bright auburn hair From North Alabama

38 The Cunningham's Walter goes to school with Scout The crash hit them the hardest Country folk Farmers Paid for thigs with what they had…hickory nuts

39 Setting Imaginary district of Maycomb County Imaginary district of Maycomb County Southern Alabama Southern Alabama Summer of 1933 to Halloween 1935 Summer of 1933 to Halloween 1935 Grips of the Depression Grips of the Depression Rural area…farms…crops meager Rural area…farms…crops meager Poor Poor Progress is slow Progress is slow

40 The Radley House Old Run down Rain rotted shingles Mysterious Family….Mr. and Mrs. And Nathan and Arthur Two live oaks stood at the end of the property

41 Downtown Maycomb Tyndall’s Hardware Tyndall’s Hardware Ok Café Ok Café Maycomb Tribune Maycomb Tribune Hotel Hotel Maycomb Jail Maycomb Jail Mayco Drug Store Mayco Drug Store Sinkfield Tavern Sinkfield Tavern Maycomb Bank Maycomb Bank VJ Elmore Store VJ Elmore Store Post Office Post Office Court House Court House

42 Other Places Around Maycomb Barker’s Eddy…off Meridian Highway…about a mile from town Barker’s Eddy…off Meridian Highway…about a mile from town Fish pool Fish pool Town Dump Town Dump Ewell House Ewell House Negro Settlement Negro Settlement Tom Robinson’s house First Purchase African ME Church

43 Other Residents of Maycomb Cecil Jacobs Cecil Jacobs Mr. Avery Mr. Avery Mrs. Merriweather Mrs. Merriweather Mrs. Crenshaw Mrs. Crenshaw Miss Tutti and Frutti Miss Tutti and Frutti Judge Taylor Judge Taylor Heck Tate Heck Tate Mr. Underwood Mr. Underwood Mr. Gilmer Mr. Gilmer Dr. Reynolds Dr. Reynolds Dolphus Raymond Dolphus Raymond Link Deas Link Deas Caroline Fisher Caroline Fisher Reverend Sykes Reverend Sykes Zeebo Zeebo Rachel Haverford Rachel Haverford Helen Robinson Helen Robinson Lula Lula Walter Cunningham Sr. Walter Cunningham Sr. Walter Cunningham, Jr. Walter Cunningham, Jr. Mr. Harry Johnson Mr. Harry Johnson

44 Point of View Scout Finch is the narrator…the reader sees the story through a child’s eyes Scout Finch is the narrator…the reader sees the story through a child’s eyes She uses adult language She uses adult language Perceptive, independent child Perceptive, independent child 1 st person 1 st person

45 Themes Prejudice White and black community is separate White and black community is separate Most white people believe they are superior to the blacks Most white people believe they are superior to the blacks Prejudice leads to hypocrisy Prejudice leads to hypocrisy Characters who want change and tolerance are seen as odd Characters who want change and tolerance are seen as odd Sexism is a form of prejudice…Scout is admonished for not being a lady Sexism is a form of prejudice…Scout is admonished for not being a lady

46 Themes Understanding Atticus teaches Jem and Scout to be tolerant of others Atticus teaches Jem and Scout to be tolerant of others Seeing life from a different perspective…walking in someone else's shoes Seeing life from a different perspective…walking in someone else's shoes Children learn to accept behavior of others…Mrs. Dubose and Boo Radley Children learn to accept behavior of others…Mrs. Dubose and Boo Radley

47 Themes Loss of Innocence Scout in the beginning is innocent and by the end of the novel has matured…bilundgsroman Scout in the beginning is innocent and by the end of the novel has matured…bilundgsroman Scout outgrows childish ways Scout outgrows childish ways Jem grows up as well Jem grows up as well Trial of Tom and especially the outcome teaches Scout and Jem about the harsh realities of life Trial of Tom and especially the outcome teaches Scout and Jem about the harsh realities of life

48 Themes Courage Jem shows courage by touching the house Jem shows courage by touching the house Atticus shoots the rabid dog Atticus shoots the rabid dog Scout learns not to fight with her fists…instead uses her mind…moral courage Scout learns not to fight with her fists…instead uses her mind…moral courage Atticus takes on the case Atticus takes on the case Mrs. Dubose overcomes addiction and faces death on her own terms Mrs. Dubose overcomes addiction and faces death on her own terms Boo comes out of the house Boo comes out of the house

49 Themes Justice and Law Atticus has faith in the justice system Atticus has faith in the justice system Court outside description vs. inside Court outside description vs. inside Judge Taylor does his best to give Tom a fair trial Judge Taylor does his best to give Tom a fair trial Heck Tate does not decide to pursue Bob Ewell’s death shows his belief in natural justice/ “let the dead bury the dead” Heck Tate does not decide to pursue Bob Ewell’s death shows his belief in natural justice/ “let the dead bury the dead”

50 Symbols Fire at Miss Maudie’s house burns out of control just as racism does in Maycomb Fire at Miss Maudie’s house burns out of control just as racism does in Maycomb The rabid dog needs to be shot down in one shot just as racism does, and Atticus must do it The rabid dog needs to be shot down in one shot just as racism does, and Atticus must do it Boo’s name …ghost Boo’s name …ghost Boo and Tom are the mockingbird…symbol of innocence Boo and Tom are the mockingbird…symbol of innocence Jail symbolizes anything that is out of date Jail symbolizes anything that is out of date

51 Style Form…many episodes are interwoven together Form…many episodes are interwoven together Book begins and ends with the description of Jem’s broken arm Book begins and ends with the description of Jem’s broken arm Two stories/parts …Boo and the mystery to get him out of the house and the trial Two stories/parts …Boo and the mystery to get him out of the house and the trial Simple sentence structure and diction Simple sentence structure and diction Dialect…characteristic speech of the region Dialect…characteristic speech of the region Irony…contrast between reality and what appears to be real Irony…contrast between reality and what appears to be real Foreshadowing…clue to events to come Foreshadowing…clue to events to come Humor…lends a light touch Humor…lends a light touch

52 Life in Maycomb Exhibits values and attitudes of the deep South Exhibits values and attitudes of the deep South Social status depends on family background Social status depends on family background Religion is important Religion is important School system and lessons not received as important School system and lessons not received as important Educated Whites Finch Family Cunningham's…poor Whites Ewell’s…poor…trash Blacks

53 General Plotline Introduction…characters and town are presented Introduction…characters and town are presented Rising….fascination with the Radley family and the trial Rising….fascination with the Radley family and the trial Climax…verdict Climax…verdict Falling…Tom’s escape and result Falling…Tom’s escape and result Conclusion…what happens to Bob Ewell and the kids Conclusion…what happens to Bob Ewell and the kids Plot Diagram

54 Is the novel outdated? You Decide… Pro Pro Con Con

55 Harper Lee Years Later For years Harper has lived in Monroeville and New York City On May 7, 2006 Lee wrote about her love of books in a letter to Oprah which was published in the Oprah magazine, O, on July 2006 On November 5, 2007 she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom … Gregory Peck's wife attended the ceremony… Bush called Lee's book a gift to the world Harper leads a private life with emphasis on church and community work


Download ppt "To Kill A Mockingbird A True Classic By Harper Lee."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google