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Risk profiling & asset allocation discussing risk with clients Phil Simmonds, Head of Intermediary Sales Robert Jukes, Global Strategist Collins Stewart.

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Presentation on theme: "Risk profiling & asset allocation discussing risk with clients Phil Simmonds, Head of Intermediary Sales Robert Jukes, Global Strategist Collins Stewart."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Risk profiling & asset allocation discussing risk with clients Phil Simmonds, Head of Intermediary Sales Robert Jukes, Global Strategist Collins Stewart Wealth Management

3 Safety in numbers Our industry is often criticised for positioning onto benchmark at times of market stress – reducing client risk – safety in numbers Our industry often criticises its clients for having an inconsistent approach to risk – happy to be aggressive when markets are rising – no risk appetite when they are falling We’ve listened, and are now offering a discretionary service that manages money in the way our clients want it managed Safety in numbers doesn’t mean running with the herd

4 The adviser’s conundrum Assessment of client risk appetite is a core responsibility This will change throughout the client’s lifetime Due diligence in selecting appropriate manager to ensure risk appetite is matched ….as market cycles evolve, does the risk profile remain constant?

5 Traditional benchmarks are not working APCIMS benchmarks are not evenly spread across the risk curve… …partly because they are not risk rated – they reflect return objectives A steeper, well spread out model/benchmark offering along the risk / return space ensures appropriate solutions… We offer risk rated solutions

6 Communicating risk to your clients Risk = annualised standard deviation of returns We need to convey that in a non-mathematical way – keying into our clients own experiences

7 Solution: REMAP A series of portfolios managed via an enhanced risk framework, which, using a proprietary Market Stress Indicator, properly accounts for rising volatility and correlation. That, combined with a strong research platform, combine to produce a range of evenly spread, multi-asset portfolios that remain within dedicated risk tolerances by seeking to cap volatility. REMAP is a robust, intellectually defensible framework that makes better use of active risk It addresses the major shortcomings of traditional risk management processes (Modern Portfolio Theory) It systematically respects the strict observance of client risk tolerances By combining the risk framework with our existing Asset Allocation output and strong bottom-up research capabilities, REMAP aims to grow our clients’ wealth, whilst focusing on capital preservation A true multi-asset approach that caps volatility using an independent, open- architecture investment approach

8 REMAP: Performance Strong Risk-adjusted performance last year and into this year Maximum portfolio downside through 2011 was 4%, compared with 11% for APCIMS Balanced benchmark REMAP Portfolio #5 returned 4.8% vs -0.4% for APCIMS Balanced

9 REMAP: Performance – with backtesting Drawdowns are significantly lower than the benchmark, and the optimised portfolio spends significantly less time below water Optimised Balanced Portfolio: 7% Dot Com, 6% Credit Crunch; APCIMS Balanced: 35% Dot Com, 30% Credit Crunch

10 The secret of success #1: avoid the losses Managers do not make appropriate use of active risk budgeting relative to benchmarks Using the MSCI we can see meaningful outperformance is about avoiding worst periods of negative returns By committing to a fixed absolute risk target, we can meaningfully de-risk relative to benchmark in times of market stress This ‘Boldly Cautious’ approach is a key characterisation of REMAP

11 The secret of success #2: avoid high risk returns and compound small gains Fixing absolute risk also forces us to focus on lower risk returns. Our optimised investment process reduces the ‘fat-tails’ of benchmark portfolio returns (kurtosis) This ‘Boldly Cautious’ approach is a key characterisation of REMAP

12 A boldly cautious approach The long-run risk of a client’s benchmark should be aligned to her risk tolerance But even the best benchmarks cease to be efficient during periods of market stress Managers that simply collapse on to the benchmark asset allocation in times of stress are not doing their job REMAP’s ‘boldly cautious’ approach together with its ability to properly account for risk in all market conditions ensures that volatility is capped and client capital preserved

13 An Endorsement “ In this white paper, I investigate the Collins Stewart Wealth Management (CSWM) risk model, developed by Robert Jukes and Edward Smith, in the light of academic research and best practise. In particular, my purpose is to assess its ability to deal with current market turbulence and its usefulness in contributing to informed investment decisions, especially in the area of asset allocation. I find that their intuitive framework is one that can be explained to interested clients with relative ease due to its methodological transparency. That is most important in the current investment environment, which is, legitimately in my view, suspicious of “black box” approaches. For many years wealth management has rather avoided the use of any mathematics in designing investment processes. This has now changed and the industry is gradually becoming more aligned with other forms of quantitative asset management; it is pleasing to see CSWM leading the field rather than following it. ” S.E.Satchell Fellow, Trinity College, Cambridge

14 The primary failing of MPT I A failure to adequately address non-constant correlations caused many risk models to fail in 2008 As the credit crunch demonstrated, when risk assets deliver unusually large negative returns, they tend to become significantly more positively correlated with other risk assets with which they may not normally have a strong relationship Unless we recognise that asset correlations change in times of market stress, it will not be possible to achieve a well diversified portfolio when such stress occurs

15 The primary failing of MPT II Modern portfolio theory dictates that investors should maximise portfolio return within a given level of risk Risk in a multi-asset portfolio is a function of the volatility of the individual holdings as well as their correlation If a risk model fails to account for the dramatic changes to volatility and correlation in times of market stress, managers could grossly underestimate the amount of risk in their clients portfolios when such stress occurs… …breach client risk tolerance mandates… …and therefore expose their clients to far greater risk of capital loss

16 Investment Process A methodologically transparent framework Leverages our long term, award winning expertise in Portfolio Management Asset allocation driven investment process Bottom-up stock, bond and fund research Longstanding use of Alternatives provides for a true multi-asset approach

17 Investment Philosophy Our philosophy is founded upon four central principles, around which all investment decisions are based: We aim to grow our clients’ wealth, but with a focus on capital preservation. We look to avoid the losses and benefit from the compounding effect of small, lower risk, positive gains. We believe our job is to manage portfolios more efficiently than ever, in line with clients’ stated risk profiles, in order to maximise risk-adjusted returns. We believe that asset allocation is the main driver of investment returns.

18 REMAP: A different approach to a major competitor: REMAP 4 case study I In the first week of August 2011, equity markets recorded one of the biggest weekly losses on record – over 10% Thanks to our focus on capping risk and our ability to measure risk dynamically, properly accounting for nonconstant volatility and correlation, we were already significantly underweight risk-assets on the first of the month (just 13% in prop, oil and equity) As out market stress indicator flashed 5 for maximum stress, we allocated all assets of bonds and cash – the only way to cap risk The competitor’s portfolio however remained almost identical to the benchmark – causing a major breach of the risk mandate Contribution to total portfolio risk (ex-ante) Broad asset allocation – August 2011 Competitor A

19 REMAP: A different approach to a major competitor: REMAP 4 case study II In asset allocation, the competitor portfolio is virtually unchanged today versus August last year Is the world really the same? We still believe that the competitor portfolio is breaching the risk mandate Broad asset allocation – July 2012Contribution to total portfolio risk (ex-ante) Competitor B

20 Conclusions Outsourced DPM solution that strictly observes clients’ risk tolerances Seven risk-rated portfolios designed to provide for improved risk-adjusted returns Market-leading mathematical framework that complements CSWM’s research and Asset Allocation experience Risk framework that addresses the fundamental flaws in more traditional risk management tools A focus on capital preservation means taking a boldly cautious approach: avoiding the losses and compounding the gains A true multi-asset approach that caps volatility using an independent, open- architecture investment approach

21 Appendix

22 REMAP: Performance overview Significant and consistent risk-adjusted outperformance versus APCIMS universe

23 Explaining risk to clients The primary objective of REMAP is to cap risk at a given tolerance level… …but does risk/volatility, as expressed by the standard deviation mean anything to a client? REMAP #4 aims to cap risk at a standard deviation of 6%. To help put this into context, if we assume a long term return of 6% per year for the portfolio then, in this example, we would expect 95% of future annual returns to be in the range of -6% and 18%... or +/- 2x the standard deviation Aiming to cap risk works when you can account for it properly A benchmark oriented approach leads to wilder swings

24 Rising Portfolio Risks Multi asset portfolio risk has been rising over the past 30 years, but our client risk tolerance almost certainly has not Rising portfolio risk has largely been a function of rising correlations… …it’s much harder to provide well diversified portfolios today, than back in the 1980s This presentation sets out to explain the concepts that make the link between portfolio volatility and asset correlation Rising portfolio risk… ….caused by rising correlations

25 Asset correlations change over time Our CSWM Market Stress Indicator has been constructed around the notion that stress, like portfolio volatility, is a function of both volatility and correlation Looking at equity/bond correlations in this way reveals a “Normal” positive correlation… Equity/Bond correlations and VIX Equity/Commodity correlations and VIX

26 Three main problems with MPT Non constant moments - volatility and correlation across asset classes change over time Resulting portfolio may not be well diversified Small changes to inputs can lead to large changes to the output

27 Problem #1: Non constant moments - CSWM Market Stress Indicator Our CSWM Market Stress Indicator has been constructed around the notion that stress, like portfolio volatility, is a function of both volatility and correlation CSWM Market Stress Indicator v S&P (total return)

28 CSWM Market Stress Indicator - Stability Since 1991, the indicator has been stressed c.20% of the time (daily data) It’s stability is paramount – many false signals could be costly Statistically, you are more likely to be in the same state that you are in today, in one month’s time The probability of moving through two states in one month is small Equity/Bond correlations and VIX CSWM Market Stress Indicator – Markov matrix

29 Our approach is to manage both absolute and relative risk simultaneously Problem #2: Optimised portfolios lack diversification

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