Presentation on theme: "25 The Conservative Tide QUIT CHAPTER OBJECTIVE INTERACT WITH HISTORY INTERACT WITH HISTORY TIME LINE VISUAL SUMMARY SECTION A Conservative Movement Emerges."— Presentation transcript:
25 The Conservative Tide QUIT CHAPTER OBJECTIVE INTERACT WITH HISTORY INTERACT WITH HISTORY TIME LINE VISUAL SUMMARY SECTION A Conservative Movement Emerges 1 SECTION Conservative Policies Under Reagan and Bush 2 SECTION Social Concerns of the 1980s 3 SECTION Foreign Policy After the Cold War 4 MAP GRAPH
25 The Conservative Tide HOME CHAPTER OBJECTIVE To understand the political and social events of the 1980s and early 1990s
25 W I T H H I S T O R Y I N T E R A C T What campaign slogan will you create? Examine the Issues It is the autumn of You are a campaign manager for Republican presidential candidate, Ronald Reagan, former film star and past governor of California. Reagan must defeat President Jimmy Carter, who has lost support. Carter has failed to bring home the hostages in Iran and to revive the economy. Reagan, an optimist, pledges to do both. He also plans to cut taxes and cut back on government programs. What issues are important? What qualities in your candidate will win support? HOME How can you present Reagan as a winner? The Conservative Tide
25 The United StatesThe World 1981 Sandra Day O’Connor becomes the first woman appointed to the Supreme Court President Reagan is reelected South African Bishop Desmond Tutu receives the Nobel Peace Prize Ronald Reagan is elected president Zimbabwe claims independence. TIME LINE HOME 1985 The Soviet Union suffers a disastrous accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Iran arms deal is revealed. continued... The Conservative Tide 1982 Great Britain and Argentina go to war over the Falkland Islands Equal Rights Amendment fails to win ratification.
25 The United StatesThe World 1988 George Bush is elected president. Reverend Jesse Jackson runs for the Democratic presidential nomination The Chinese government kills student protesters in Tiananmen Square. Germans dismantle the Berlin Wall. TIME LINE HOME 1991 Persian Gulf War breaks out Soviet Union breaks apart President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev sign the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty. The Conservative Tide
1 A Conservative Movement Emerges The new conservatism begins with the defeat of Barry Goldwater in 1964 and triumphs with the election of Ronald Reagan in OVERVIEW ASSESSMENT KEY IDEA HOME
1 A Conservative Movement Emerges OVERVIEW Conservatism reached a high point with the election in 1980 of President Ronald Reagan and Vice- President George Bush. In the early 21st century, conservative views strongly influenced both major political parties. MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME entitlement program affirmative action Ronald Reagan reverse discrimination conservative coalition New Right Moral Majority ASSESSMENT
1 A Conservative Movement Emerges 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List eight conservative issues. continued... Conservative Issues HOME ASSESSMENT Reduce entitlement programs End affirmative action End busing Reduce the size of the federal government Prayer in school Stop the regulation of guns Defeat the ERA Eliminate legal abortions
1 A Conservative Movement Emerges 2. How did the leaders of the conservative movement of the 1980s want to change government? Think About: ANSWER Conservatives wanted to reduce the size of federal government; lower taxes; end gun control, affirmative action, and busing; increase defense spending; and promote traditional family values. the difference between the conservative view of government and the liberal view the groups that made up the conservative coalition conservatives’ attitudes toward existing government programs HOME ASSESSMENT continued...
1 A Conservative Movement Emerges 3. What role did the Moral Majority play in the conservative movement of the 1970s and early 1980s? ANSWER The Moral Majority represented a religious revival that stressed a literal interpretation of the Bible and argued for restoration of traditional values. HOME ASSESSMENT continued...
1 A Conservative Movement Emerges 4. What personal qualities in Ronald Reagan helped him to win election as president in 1980? ANSWER Reagan, known as the Great Communicator, had the ability to simplify issues and offer clear-cut answers. HOME ASSESSMENT End of Section 1
2 Conservative Policies Under Reagan and Bush President Reagan puts in place conservative policies that affect the nation’s budget and the federal government. OVERVIEW ASSESSMENT KEY IDEA HOME GRAPH
2 HOME OVERVIEW Presidents Reagan and Bush pursued a conservative agenda that included tax cuts, budget cuts, and increased defense spending. The conservative views of Reagan and Bush created policies and priorities that affect government spending and budgeting today. MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES ASSESSMENT supply-side economics Sandra Day O’Connor Geraldine Ferraro Environmental Protection Agency Strategic Defense Initiative deregulation Reaganomics George Bush Conservative Policies Under Reagan and Bush GRAPH
2 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Define “Reaganomics,” and then list its short-term and long-term effects. continued... Policy advocating tax cuts to bolster private investments, leading to increased national supply of goods and services. HOME ASSESSMENT DEFINITION OF REGANOMICS Falling interest rates, decreased inflation, economic growth Short-Term Effects Increased national debt, budget deficit, trade imbalances, higher taxes Long-Term Effects GRAPH Conservative Policies Under Reagan and Bush
2 2. Why did President Reagan and President Bush think it was important to appoint conservative justices to the Supreme Court? ANSWER The Supreme Court decides which laws are constitutional. Both Reagan and Bush had conservative agendas and wanted the Supreme Court to support those agendas. HOME ASSESSMENT continued... Conservative Policies Under Reagan and Bush GRAPH
2 3. In your opinion was Reagan’s first term a success? Think About: ANSWER Reagan’s first term was a mix of success and failure— stopped the growth of inflation but the federal deficit rose. how his tax cuts impacted the rich and the poor the economy the federal budget HOME ASSESSMENT continued... Conservative Policies Under Reagan and Bush GRAPH
2 4. Read the following excerpt from Ronald Reagan’s speech at the 1992 Republican Convention. “ We mustn’t forget... the very different America that existed just 12 years ago; an America with 21 percent interest rates and... double-digit inflation; an America where mortgage payments doubled, paychecks plunged, and motorists sat in gas lines; an America whose leaders told us... that what we really needed was another good dose of government control and higher taxes.” What picture did Reagan paint of the Carter administration? ANSWER That high interest rates, high inflation, gas lines, and too much government marked Carter’s administration. HOME ASSESSMENT End of Section 2 Conservative Policies Under Reagan and Bush GRAPH
3 Social Concerns of the 1980s Social issues of many kinds continue to concern the nation during the conservative backlash. OVERVIEW ASSESSMENT KEY IDEA HOME
3 Social Concerns of the 1980s HOME TERMS & NAMES L. Douglas Wilder Lauro Cavazos AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) Antonia Coello Novello pay equity Jesse Jackson ASSESSMENT OVERVIEW Beneath the surge of prosperity that marked the conservative era of the 1980s lay serious social problems. Issues involving health care, education, civil rights, and equal rights for women continue to challenge American society. MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW
3 Social Concerns of the 1980s 1. List several of the social problems of the Reagan and Bush years and how the government responded to them. continued... Social Problems HOME ASSESSMENT Government Response Drug use Supreme Court restrictions “Just say No!” campaign America 2000 education initiative Abortion Education Women’s rightsDay care budget cuts; pay equity in some states Equal rights for minorities Supreme Court reversal of affirmative-action decision
3 Social Concerns of the 1980s 2. How might improvements in the educational system help solve other social problems? Think About: ANSWER Education might help discourage unsafe sex and drug use. Education would lead to future job opportunities and lower unemployment rates. continued... the impact education might have on health-related problems the impact that education might have on urban problems HOME ASSESSMENT the impact that education might have on unemployment
3 Social Concerns of the 1980s 3. Compare the political gains and losses experienced by various groups during the Reagan and Bush administrations. ANSWER More jobs and political opportunities for women and minorities; Native Americans gained support for gambling casinos on their native lands; Asian Americans were the second fastest-growing minority population; several states outlawed anti-gay discrimination. HOME ASSESSMENT continued...
3 Social Concerns of the 1980s 4. Why might a widening gap between the richest and poorest citizens of a country be a cause for concern about that country’s future? ANSWER A widening economic gap could lead to a permanently divided society. HOME ASSESSMENT End of Section 3
4 Foreign Policy After the Cold War Major changes throughout the world have a great impact on the direction of U.S. foreign policy. KEY IDEA OVERVIEW ASSESSMENT HOME MAP
4 Foreign Policy After the Cold War HOME TERMS & NAMES INF Treaty Tiananmen Square Sandinistas Operation Desert Storm Mikhail Gorbachev glasnost Contras perestroika ASSESSMENT OVERVIEW The end of the Cold War, marked by the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, led to a redirection of many U.S. goals and policies. After the Cold War, the United States provided and continues to provide substantial economic support to the new capitalistic and democratic nations. MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW MAP
4 Foreign Policy After the Cold War 1. Explain U.S. foreign policy in Europe, in Central America and the Caribbean, and in the Middle East. continued... U.S. Foreign Policy Central America and Caribbean INF Treaty; START II Pact; Cold War ends Cut aid to Sandinistas; send aid to Contras; invasion of Grenada Europe HOME ASSESSMENT Middle EastIran-Contra affair; Operation Desert Storm MAP
4 Foreign Policy After the Cold War 2. What factors caused the end of the Cold War? Think About: ANSWER Collapse of Soviet economy, Gorbachev’s reforms in the Soviet Union, unification of East and West Germany events in the Soviet Union events in Germany and Eastern Europe how U.S. leaders responded to those events HOME ASSESSMENT continued... MAP
4 Foreign Policy After the Cold War 3. What factors do you think determined whether or not the United States intervened militarily in other nations? continued... ANSWER The United States intervened when essential United States interests and assets—American lives, democracy, oil— were at stake. HOME ASSESSMENT MAP
4 Foreign Policy After the Cold War 4. Is it possible for an authoritarian government to make economic reforms without also making political reforms? ANSWER POSSIBLE RESPONSES: Yes: China, for example No: Soviet Union, for example HOME ASSESSMENT End of Section 4 MAP