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Connecting Books with History

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Presentation on theme: "Connecting Books with History"— Presentation transcript:

1 Connecting Books with History
Technology Integration with Primary Sources

2 If your students… Read quality literature AND Explore primary sources

3 Why teach with primary sources
Why teach with primary sources? Eighth-graders whose teachers reported using primary sources (such as letters, diaries or essays written by historical figures) on a weekly basis had higher average scores than those whose teachers reported doing so monthly or less frequently. Nation’s Report Card 2001, p.93

4 Why teach with history through literature
Why teach with history through literature? One of the great lessons of history is that perspective matters. So before I start kids searching out details of battles or other events in the past, I want to play with perspective a bit, using picture books to get my point across that there's more than one way to look at a thing. Carol Otis Hurst, Carol Hurst’s Children Literature Site

5 Literature +Primary Sources = Memorable, Meaningful, Fun Learning!

6 Through A Child’s Eyes…
Students will examine and compare Depression Era images with the text. Book Summary: Told through the letters of Lydia Grace Finch, students are introduced to the life of a child during the Great Depression. Setting: Rural and City life during 1935. Garden Flower boxes Rural Train Station City Train Station Bakery City Picture Child Writing Author: Sarah Stewart The Gardener Farrar, Straus and Giroux (BYR); 1997




10 They will … Make connections and the book becomes more meaningful.

11 primary source connections at
Begin making your own primary source connections at

12 You’ll find more than 10 million primary sources….
• Images • Documents • Maps • Sound files • Movies • Sheet music • Webcasts • And more…

13 Sample Bookback drop ideas from the Library of Congress.
Book Backdrops Sample Bookback drop ideas from the Library of Congress.

14 Travel with Columbus…. Summary: Written in journal format by a twelve-year-old ship’s boy, the entries describe Columbus' first voyage of discovery. Setting: Canary Islands, Atlantic Ocean, A Sampling of LOC Resources: 1492: An Ongoing Voyage Images of Christopher Columbus Today in History (October 12) Columbus’ Coat of Arms Christopher Columbus Saw Land A Letter of Christopher Columbus Schlein, Miriam. Illustrated by Tom Newsom. I sailed with Columbus. Illustrated by Tom Newsom. NY: HarperCollins Publishers, 1991.

15 Teaching Idea: Have students compare and contrast illustrations created by various artists.

16 Explore a picture book from the another viewpoint…
Learn facts from a non-fiction title… Yolen, Jane. Encounter. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1992. Sis, Peter. Follow the Dream. NY: Knopf, 1991.

17 Lewis and Clark… Summary: This novel in verse highlights letters and thoughts of Jefferson, the Corps of Discovery, Sacagawea and Lewis’s Newfoundland dog Seaman as they travel on their expedition to seek a water route to the Pacific. Setting: North America, 1803 – A Sampling of LOC Resources: Lewis and Clark Community Center Fill Up the Canvas (Activity) Rivers, Edens, Empires (Exhibition) The Thomas Jefferson Papers Map Collections: Discovery and Exploration Wolf, Allan. New Found Land: A Novel. Cambridge, MA: Candlewick, 2004.

18 Jefferson’s letter to Congress
Follow their trail … Jefferson’s letter to Congress Jefferson’s cipher 1805 map

19 Frontier life…. Summary: When their father invites a mail-order bride to come live with them in their prairie home, Caleb and Anna are captivated by their new mother and hope that she will stay. Setting: Midwestern state, prairie, late 1800s A Sampling of LOC Resources: Northern Great Plains Collection Prairie Settlement Collection Women Pioneers: Westward Patricia MacLachlan Cybercast Journeys West Lesson Plan MacLachlan, Patricia. Sarah, Plain and Tall. NY: Harper and Row, 1985



22 Immigration…. Summary: Sixteen-year-old Margaret Rose Nolan, newly arrived from Ireland, finds work at New York City's Triangle Shirtwaist Factory shortly before the 1911 fire in which 146 employees died. Setting: New York City, A Sampling of LOC Resources: Immigration Community Center Learning Page Immigration Feature Ellis Island Images Statue of Liberty Images Hester Street (panoramic picture) Flower making (Louis Hine photograph) Triangle Waist Co. fire (PandP) Life of a City (early films of NY) Auch, Mary Jane. Ashes of Roses. NY: H. Holt, 2002.

23 Traveling on the ship…

24 First view of the Statue of Liberty…
Teaching Idea: Use an image as a story starter or a prompt for writing dialogue.

25 Arrival at Ellis Island…

26 Book Backdrops Use Gail Petri’s idea for book backdrops, to develop an inquiry-based approach to engage students in using primary sources with literature. Create a backdrop project that using slides to focus on the actual activities that are used to connect literature to the primary sources.

27 Book Backdrop Guidelines
Each book Backdrop will contain 6 slides. Slide : Introduction Include the title, book cover and links to background information. Slides 2- 4: Activity Slides Start each slide with a question. Insert the primary source artifact on one side of the slide. On the other side type the primary source activity. Make sure that this is directed to the students. Slide 5: Standard Slide Identify the standards Slide 6: References Provide URLs to the primary sources that are used in the book backdrop.

28 Little House in the Big Woods Students will analyze, interpret, and increase their understanding of the conditions during the historical period of the 1870s. Laura and her family face struggles such as the long winter and celebrations like family dances, as they survive on the Wisconsin frontier in 1872. Resources to learn more: log cabin maple syrup American sheet music - Irish Washerwoman covered wagon general store threshing Laura Ingalls Wilder Little House in the Big Woods New York, Harper & Row, 1932

29 What would your life be like on the Wisconsin frontier?
Activity: Pretend you are staying with Laura’s family in the log cabin. You must help with chores and share a bed. Write in your journals what your daily life is like.

30 What goods would you sell?
Activity: Imagine you are a general store owner. Most of your customers must buy goods to last them several months. Create an advertisement that lists and describes the goods that you feel that people would need the most to survive as pioneers.

31 How would farming be different in the late 1800s?
Activity: This horse-drawn thresher was used to harvest the crops in Compare and contrast this thresher and the farm equipment we use today. Write your answer in complete sentences.

32 If a Bus Could Talk: The Story of Rosa Parks
Objective: To understand how Rosa Parks’ and many others’ actions contributed to the Civil Right movement. Book Summary: The story is about the life of Rosa Parks, an African American seamstress and civil rights worker, who refused to give up her seat to a white man on the Cleveland Ave bus. This act lead to Montgomery Bus Boycott which lasted more than a year in Montgomery, Alabama. PUT THE BOOK COVER HERE Hyperlinks: Montgomery Boycott Smithsonian Source- Civil Rights Faith Ringgold If a Bus Could Talk: The Story of Rosa Parks New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999. Samantha Champion

33 How did this affect Rosa Parks?
Simulated Journal Imagine you are Rosa Parks and you have just been arrested. Write a journal entry about your thoughts and feelings from the perspective of Rosa Parks.

34 What questions do you have for Rosa Parks?
Interviewing Rosa Parks Imagine that you are going to interview Rosa Parks. What questions would you ask her? Write at least five questions that you have for Rosa Parks. Listen to the Rosa Parks interview that took place in Williamsburg, Virginia on June 2, 1995.

35 What are your rules for riding a school bus?
Compare and Contrast Compare the rules of your school bus to the suggestions that Martian Luther King Jr. wrote for the people of Montgomery, Alabama. How are they similar/ different?

36 Standards Identify the pdesas standards Identify Common Core standards
Identify NETS for students

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