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McNeely Intro to Psychology1 Psychobiology. McNeely Intro to Psychology2 What in the world is this? The study of how behavior is influenced by our biological.

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Presentation on theme: "McNeely Intro to Psychology1 Psychobiology. McNeely Intro to Psychology2 What in the world is this? The study of how behavior is influenced by our biological."— Presentation transcript:

1 McNeely Intro to Psychology1 Psychobiology

2 McNeely Intro to Psychology2 What in the world is this? The study of how behavior is influenced by our biological makeup.

3 McNeely Intro to Psychology3 Monism Dualism Emergent dualism Mind- Body PASTEL ON PAPER 22" x 29" Dualism, within everyone. Existing as two within one. Gregory Stewert

4 McNeely Intro to Psychology4 Central Peripheral

5 McNeely Intro to Psychology5

6 6 Picture

7 McNeely Intro to Psychology7 Picture

8 McNeely Intro to Psychology8

9 9 Brai n Cerebral Cortex –Functions: Thought Voluntary movement Language Reasoning Perception Cerebellum –Fxn Movement Balance Posture Brain Stem –Fxns Breathing Heart Rate Blood Pressure Hypothalamus –fxns Body Temperature Emotions Hunger Thirst Circadian Rhythms Thalamus –Functions: Sensory processing Movement Limbic system –Fxns Emotions LT memory Hippocampus –fxns learning Memory

10 McNeely Intro to Psychology10 Neur ons Picture for structure

11 McNeely Intro to Psychology11 Birth & Deve lopm ent of the Brai n

12 McNeely Intro to Psychology12 evelopment/index.html

13 McNeely Intro to Psychology13 Neur al Migr ation

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15 McNeely Intro to Psychology15

16 McNeely Intro to Psychology16 Neur al Com muni catio n

17 McNeely Intro to Psychology17 Actio n Pote ntial

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20 McNeely Intro to Psychology20 Neur otran smitt ers

21 McNeely Intro to Psychology21 Perip heral Nerv ous Syst em Autonomic Somatic

22 McNeely Intro to Psychology22 Auto nomi c Nerv ous Syst em Picture of Symp/Parasymp

23 McNeely Intro to Psychology23 ANS/ PNS

24 McNeely Intro to Psychology24 Som atic

25 McNeely Intro to Psychology25 Neurotransmi tter EffectsToo MuchToo Litt le Drugs AcetylcholineLearning, memory, musclesTremblingAlzheim ers Caffeine SerotoninSleep, mood, pain, aggressionMigrainesDepressi on Cocaine DopaminePleasure, reward, attention, arousal Schizophren ia Parkinso ns Cocaine, caffeine, nicotine, MDMA GABAGeneral inhibition of neuronsDrowsyAnxiousAlcohol GlutimateGeneral excitation of neuronsTingly numbin g DrowsyCaffeine

26 McNeely Intro to Psychology26 Acetylcholine – involved in voluntary movement, learning, memory, and sleep § Too much acetylcholine is associated with depression, and too little in the hippocampus has been associated with dementia. Dopamine – correlated with movement, attention, and learning § Too much dopamine has been associated with schizophrenia, and too little is associated with some forms of depression as well as the muscular rigidity and tremors found in Parkinson’s disease. Norepinephrine – associated with eating, alertness § Too little norepinephrine has been associated with depression, while an excess has been associated with schizophrenia. Epinephrine – involved in energy, and glucose metabolism § Too little epinephrine has been associated with depression. Serotonin – plays a role in mood, sleep, appetite, and impulsive and aggressive behavior § Too little serotonin is associated with depression and some anxiety disorders, especially obsessive-compulsive disorder. Some antidepressant medications increase the availability of serotonin at the receptor sites. GABA (Gamma-Amino Butyric Acid) – inhibits excitation and anxiety § Too little GABA is associated with anxiety and anxiety disorders. Some antianxiety medication increases GABA at the receptor sites. Endorphins – involved in pain relief and feelings of pleasure and contentedness

27 McNeely Intro to Psychology27

28 McNeely Intro to Psychology28 ACTING IN THE ENVIRONMENT. MOTOR SYSTEMS AND DISORDERS. Mapping the Motor Cortex Wilder Penfield, a Canadian surgeon, took the next exploratory voyage of the brain's organization starting in the 1950s. While operating on epileptic patients, Penfield applied electric currents to the brain's surface in order to find problem areas. Since the patients were awake during the operations, they could tell Penfield what they were experiencing. Probing some areas would trigger whole memory sequences. For one patient, Penfield triggered a familiar song that sounded so clear, the patient thought it was being played in the operating room. During these operations, Penfield watched for any movement of the patients' bodies. From this information, he was able to map out the motor cortex, the part of the brain you mapped out in this feature's activity.

29 McNeely Intro to Psychology29 pi cture s Spinal Cord Brain Sensory Neuron Motor Neuron

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