4 th Grade Virginia Studies SOL Review Mrs. Shepherd Ashburn Elementary
4 th Quarter 30 Questions on following topics: Reconstruction 20 th Century Virginia Civil Rights Movement
The period after the Civil War when the south was rebuilding was called the ________________. a) Segregation b) Rebuilding c) Reconstructiond) Depression
Which was NOT a problem in the south during the Reconstruction? a) Banks were closed. b) Slaves were rebelling. c) Money had no value.d) Crops were destroyed.
This government agency was created to help freed slaves. a) Underground Railroadb) Central Intelligence c) Federal Bureau of Investigation d) Freedman’s Bureau
What did the Freedman’s Bureau provide to freed slaves? a) Employmentb) Education c) Medical Cared) All of the above
A system where freedmen rented land from landowners and paid with a share of the crop. a) Segregationb) Sharecropping c) Rentalcroppingd) Discrimination
The separation of people, usually based on race or religion. a) Segregationb) Sharecropping c) Rentalcroppingd) Discrimination
An unfair difference in the treatment of people. a) Segregationb) Sharecropping c) Rentalcroppingd) Discrimination
During Reconstruction, __________ gained power in government. a) White Malesb) African American Males c) White Womend) African American Women
These laws created after the Reconstruction were unfair to African Americans. a) Brown VS Board of Education b) Segregation Laws c) Discrimination Lawsd) “Jim Crow” Laws
All are examples of “Jim Crow”Laws except ____________. a) Poll taxes and voting test to keep African Americans from voting. b) African Americans were forced to drink from separate drinking fountains. c) African Americans were forced to work on plantations without any pay. d) African American and white children attended separate schools.
After the Civil War Virginia’s cities grew with _________________. a) coal, tobacco, and cotton crops. b) segregation, discrimination, and prejudices. c) roads, railroads, and streetcars. d) people, businesses, and factories.
_______________ were a key to the expansion of business, agriculture, and industry. a) Computersb) Railroads c) Streetcarsd) Coal Mining
_______________ became a main railroad center in Virginia. a) Richmondb) Newport News c) Roanoked) Alexandria
Which of these towns was not affected by the railroads? a) Tazewellb) Lynchburg c) Petersburgd) Norfolk
This was discovered in Tazewell County after the Civil War. a) Goldb) Steel c) Coald) Tobacco
The need for _______________ increased after the Civil War and Reconstruction. a) more and better roadsb) tobacco c) coald) railroads
Railroads helped do all of the following except ______________. a) stimulated the growth of factories b) increased tobacco farming in the east. c) bring new jobs and people to different areas. d) helped small towns grow into cities.
The agricultural society in Virginia was declining because _________. a) Old systems of farming were no longer effective. b) People lived in cities and didn’t need vegetables. c) Crop prices were low.d) Both A and C.
People moved from _____ to _____ for economic opportunities. a) rural to urban.b) eastern Virginia to western Virginia. c) western Virginia to eastern Virginia. d) urban to rural.
__________ spurred the growth of Virginia towns as people moved from the countryside to find jobs. a) Tobaccob) Seafood c) Recreationd) Coal mining
People from other states moved to these two popular areas of VA. a) Appalachian Plateau and Blue Ridge Mountains b) Northern Virginia and Valley and Ridge c) Northern Virginia and Tidewater d) Tidewater and Blue Ridge Mountains
The abolishment of racial segregation is known as: a) Integrationb) Desegregation c) Civil Rights Movementd) Brown VS Board of Education
The full equality of all races in the use of public facilities is known as: a) Integrationb) Desegregation c) Civil Rights Movementd) Brown VS Board of Education
The ruling that “separate but equal”public schools were unconstitutional in 1954 is called. a) Integrationb) Desegregation c) Civil Rights Movementd) Brown VS Board of Education
Virginia’s government policy that resisted the integration of public schools was known as __________. a) No Integration Policyb) Desegregation Elimination c) Integration Resistanced) Massive Resistance
Virginia’s policy of Massive Resistance ______________. a) was successful, schools stayed segregated. b) was a failure, schools became integrated. c) was a failure, schools stayed segregated. d) was successful, schools became integrated.
Who led a Massive Resistance Movement against the integration of public schools? a) John Brownb) Senator Harry F. Byrd c) Douglas Wilderd) Senator Brown
Who was the first African American woman to become a bank president in the US? a) Sally Byrdb) L. Douglas Wilder c) Maggie Lena Walkerd) Arthur R. Ashe, Jr.
Who was the governor that was known for a “Pay As You Go”road improvements policy? a) Harry F. Byrdb) L. Douglas Wilder c) Maggie Lena Walkerd) Arthur R. Ashe, Jr.
Who was the first African American winner of a major men’s tennis singles championship? a) Harry F. Byrdb) L. Douglas Wilder c) Maggie Lena Walkerd) Arthur R. Ashe, Jr.
Who was the first African American to be elected a state governor in the United States? a) Harry F. Byrdb) L. Douglas Wilder c) Maggie Lena Walkerd) Arthur R. Ashe, Jr.