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HSP3M Probing Into Psychology. What is Psychology? Psychologists study human behaviour, often (but not always) from the perspective of the individual.

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Presentation on theme: "HSP3M Probing Into Psychology. What is Psychology? Psychologists study human behaviour, often (but not always) from the perspective of the individual."— Presentation transcript:

1 HSP3M Probing Into Psychology

2 What is Psychology? Psychologists study human behaviour, often (but not always) from the perspective of the individual Psychologists study human behaviour, often (but not always) from the perspective of the individual Psychology deals with the scientific study of human and animal behaviour and is comprised of three main areas: Psychology deals with the scientific study of human and animal behaviour and is comprised of three main areas: –Psychoanalysis –Behavioural psychology –Cognitive psychology

3 Psychoanalysis A largely individualized examination of patients’ inner mind, often focusing on thoughts, feelings, emotions, fantasies, and dreams. Psychoanalysis attempts to understand a person’s unconscious and subconscious mind. BehaviouralA study of people’s and animals’ observable behaviour, often in relation to stimuli and responses. Behavioural psychologists often either ignore or discount the inner mind. CognitiveA blend of the two above-mentioned schools whereby psychologists attempt to understand the mind through scientific methods, often utilizing technology as a means to perceive the mind’s biological inner workings.

4 Psychology & Social Phenomena Psychology explores social interaction, but from a smaller perspective (as opposed to a larger one, like anthropology and sometimes sociology). Psychology explores social interaction, but from a smaller perspective (as opposed to a larger one, like anthropology and sometimes sociology). Because of this perspective, psychologists often research how individuals function, develop, survive, and thrive Because of this perspective, psychologists often research how individuals function, develop, survive, and thrive Psychologists pose important questions concerning how our mental processes affect our social behaviour and interactions Psychologists pose important questions concerning how our mental processes affect our social behaviour and interactions

5 Important Questions why do humans have such similar ways of thinking and acting? why do humans have such similar ways of thinking and acting? what role do gender differences have in our development and interactions? what role do gender differences have in our development and interactions? what is deemed ‘normal’ and how should ‘abnormality’ be dealt with? what is deemed ‘normal’ and how should ‘abnormality’ be dealt with? how do changes (technological, societal, political, etc) affect our individual and collective perceptions? how do changes (technological, societal, political, etc) affect our individual and collective perceptions?

6 The Psyche The Latin translation of psyche is “soul” The Latin translation of psyche is “soul” The dictionary definition for psychology is “the sum or characteristics of the mental states and processes of a person or class of persons, or of the mental states and processes involved in a field of activity.” The dictionary definition for psychology is “the sum or characteristics of the mental states and processes of a person or class of persons, or of the mental states and processes involved in a field of activity.”

7 Milgram Behaviour Experiment Dr. Stanley Milgram wanted to see how it is that humans are capable of great evil, just because they are told to. He was motivated specifically by the Holocaust. Dr. Stanley Milgram wanted to see how it is that humans are capable of great evil, just because they are told to. He was motivated specifically by the Holocaust. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BcvS Ng0HZwk https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BcvS Ng0HZwk

8 The Power of the Mind Wilder Penfield Wilder Penfield Ivan Pavlov Ivan Pavlov Psychosomatic illnesses Psychosomatic illnesses –The Placebo effect

9 Wilder Penfield January 26, 1981 – April 5, January 26, 1981 – April 5, Canadian -Canadian Neurosurgeon. Neurosurgeon. Mapped the brain in his quest to see if there was scientific basis for the “soul.” Mapped the brain in his quest to see if there was scientific basis for the “soul.” Developed a procedure to limit the effects of seizures Developed a procedure to limit the effects of seizures

10 Ivan Pavlov 26 September 1849 – 27 February September 1849 – 27 February Physiologist Physiologist Most known for his study on reflex actions of dogs. Most known for his study on reflex actions of dogs. He saw that dogs salivate when they were about to get food. Wanted to see the extent of this. He saw that dogs salivate when they were about to get food. Wanted to see the extent of this. https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=nE8pFWP5Q DM https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=nE8pFWP5Q DM

11 Sigmund Freud Austrian Austrian Psychoanalyst Psychoanalyst Two major contributions. One is the stages of psychosexual development. The other is the idea that the human psyche can be divided into three parts: Id, Ego, Super-ego. Two major contributions. One is the stages of psychosexual development. The other is the idea that the human psyche can be divided into three parts: Id, Ego, Super-ego.

12 Placebo Effect This effect deals with medication. Every once in a while, there are tests done that show people sometimes show the benefits of a drug they THINK they are taking, even though they are not taking them themselves. This effect deals with medication. Every once in a while, there are tests done that show people sometimes show the benefits of a drug they THINK they are taking, even though they are not taking them themselves. What does this prove? What does this prove?

13 Discussion Question Can humans be conditioned like Pavlov’s animals? Can humans be conditioned like Pavlov’s animals? Can you think of any examples of humans being “conditioned”? Can you think of any examples of humans being “conditioned”?


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