Presentation on theme: "Nutrition Research and the NIH Roadmap"— Presentation transcript:
1Nutrition Research and the NIH Roadmap Elizabeth Wilder, Ph.D.Acting Associate DirectorOffice of Portfolio Analysis and Strategic Initiatives, Office of the Director, NIH
2Where does Nutrition Fit Within the NIH Roadmap? What is the Roadmap?What types of programs constitute the Roadmap?How does the Roadmap address Nutrition?How can Nutrition researchers make best use of the NIH Common Fund?American Society for Nutrition
3American Society for Nutrition What is the NIH Roadmap?The NIH Roadmap is a seriesof cross-cutting programs designed to foster the development of transformativesolutions to grand challenges in health research.It is funded via the NIH Common Fund.The CF only funds Roadmap programs.American Society for Nutrition
4NIH and the Future of Medicine: Roadmap for Medical Research Developed to increase synergy across NIH and to incubate new ideasNot a single initiative but 865 new awards716 investigators193 Institutions in USA41 statesAward rate1 FY % FY % FY % FY07 9.2%FY2007 NIH Budget = $28.9 BNon-Roadmap98.3%Roadmap1.7%1 Award Rate differs from Success Rate for it includes all research grant mechanisms of support, incl. training awardsAmerican Society for Nutrition
5Transforming Medicine: the NIH Roadmap The NIH Roadmap is designed to foster the development of transformative solutions to grand challenges in health researchAddressing fundamental knowledge gapsProviding infrastructure that supports basic, clinical and translational research across the spectrum of NIH interestsSupporting investigators in new ways that encourage innovation, interdisciplinarity, and partnershipAmerican Society for Nutrition
6Collaboration at the NIH: Distinguishing Features of Roadmap Programs Although the NIH Institutes and Centers have distinct missions, many issues/scientific interests span IC boundaries, and the ICs regularly collaborate on these topics.Special criteria exist for Roadmap programs. Potential New Roadmap initiatives must:Be expected to transform the way research is conductedPromote and advance the individual missions of NIH ICs to benefit healthRequire participation from NIH as a whole and/or address an area(s) of science that does not clearly fall within the mission of any one IC or OD program officeHave a public health benefit from the research results being in the public domainAmerican Society for Nutrition
7How does the Roadmap address Nutrition? The NIH Roadmap consists of 13 integrated programs, each designed to address a grand challenge in health research.9 of the programs have made awards; 5 of these support nutrition or obesity research3/4 of the new programs are expected to be of especially high interest to the Nutrition Research CommunityAmerican Society for Nutrition
8Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSAs) Encourage the development of new methods and approaches to clinical and translational researchImprove training and mentoring to ensure that new investigators can navigate the increasingly complex research systemDesign new and improved clinical research informatics toolsAssemble interdisciplinary teams that cover the complete spectrum of medical researchForge new partnerships with private and public health care organization
9Interdisciplinary Research Challenge: Cultural and logistical barriers to Interdisciplinary approaches and teamwork within the Research CommunityRoadmap Approach:Training:melding disciplinesConsortia: bridging deptboundaries w/inacademic institutionsNIH Changes: Recognition ofMultiple PIs; New reviewPractices for IR; newWays to manage awardsInnovative Toolsto bridgebehavioral/social sciencesand biology
10Interdisciplinary Research Consortia Taskforce for Obesity Research at Southwestern (TORS) - Harnesses expertise from highly diverse disciplines, with a goal of defining the behavioral, metabolic, genetic and molecular mechanisms contributing to obesity and the metabolic syndrome.Effect of Dietary Macronutrient Composition and Weight Loss on Liver Substrate Metabolism and Liver Fat Content in HumansGenetic Susceptibility to Adverse Metabolic Consequences of ObesityFatty Acid Synthesis in Specific Hypothalamic Neurons: Control of Appetite and Energy HomeostasisInterdisciplinary Research Training Program
11IR ConsortiaInterdisciplinary Research Consortium on Stress, Self-Control, and Addiction - Yale
12New in FY08: Human Microbiome Project What microbes live in humans?How do they contribute to health? To disease?Might the microbiota be manipulated to improve health?The human body contains ten times as many microbial cells—bacteria and other micro-organisms—as it does human cells. These microbes, which are found in locations throughout the body, are thought to have a profound influence on many biological processes, including development, immunity, and nutrition. However, technical difficulties in isolating and studying many of these organisms have limited our ability to fully understand the effects of the microbiome on human health and disease.
13The goal of the Human Microbiome Project is to characterize the microbial content of sites in the human body and examine whether changes in the microbiome can be related to disease.
14The Human Microbiome Project The goals of this Program are:develop needed novel technology and informaticssupport demonstration projects that address whether changes in the microbiome can be related to disease.provide reference data sets
15Epigenomics: the Next Step in Understanding the Human Genome
16Questions How plastic/stable is the epigenome of a given cell type? What environmental/nutritional factors alter the epigenome and under what conditions?What are the phenotypic consequences of these changes? What diseases/conditions result?Might it be possible to reverse or prevent detrimental epigenomic changes?
17The Roadmap Epigenomics Program The Roadmap Epigenomics Program will:Develop comprehensive epigenome maps from many cell types;Develop standardized platforms, procedures, and reagents for epigenomics researchSupport discovery of novel epigenomic marksConduct demonstration projects to evaluate how epigenomes change in disease, with age, or following environmental exposures;Develop new technologies for single cell epigenomic analysis and in vivo imaging of epigenetic activity; andCreate a public data resource to accelerate the application of epigenomics approaches.
18Director’s New Innovator Award Award supports New investigators who have not yet obtained a traditional NIH R01 grantGoal: to support highly innovative research projects with potential for exceptionally great impact on biomedical or behavioral scienceEach grant is for five years and up to a total of $1.5 million in direct costsNIH made 29 New Innovators awards in September 2007
19New Innovator in Nutrition Research Dr. Kjersti Aagaard-Tillery, Baylor“Characterization of the Fetal Primate Epigenome and Metabolome”The novel innovation and significance resides within the potential to provide 1) an expanded understanding of the mechanism through which a maternal high fat diet reprograms primate gene expression, and 2) a simple intervention (essential nutrient supplementation with neither diet nor behavioral modification) with tremendous potential impact given the current obesity epidemic and the lack of efficacious therapeutics.
21Why do people behave the way they do when they know better? Health and BehaviorWhy do people behave the way theydo when they know better?What strategies might be mostsuccessful in effectingbehavior change?
22Science of Behavior Change Three year Pilot ProgramWhat is the biology underlying motivation and changes in motivation?What are current practices for incenting people to change behaviors? Which are most effective?What new strategies may be suggested from prior efforts and from basic neuroscience?How can we test these strategies most effectively?
23Nutrition Research Looking Forward How can Nutrition Researchers continue to make good use of the NIH Common Fund?Maintain fluid communication with the NIH at multiple levelsKnow your Program Directors, talk to themLet NIH Leadership know of fundamental barriers to your researchTalk to OPASIInformal communication is always welcomeRequests for Input – annually (to be launched shortly)Continue to take advantage of existing initiativesApply for fundingTake advantage of resources, data, new technologies