Presentation on theme: " Rises in the Himalaya Mountains, flows for about 2,510km. Flows through UP, Bihar and West Bengal. Drains into the Bay of Bengal. At its mouth,"— Presentation transcript:
Rises in the Himalaya Mountains, flows for about 2,510km. Flows through UP, Bihar and West Bengal. Drains into the Bay of Bengal. At its mouth, forms the biggest delta in the world-The Sunderbans, shared by India and Bangladesh. Cleans wastes 15 times faster than other rivers!!!
Allahabad is the place where, Sangam, the holy confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati revered by millions and also the site for historic Mahakumbh held every 12 years and Maghmela held yearly.
DDip to rid themselves of sins WWater now toxic and unfit for bathing UUntreated water now flowing into the Ganga
SEWAGE Organic Matter Animal and human excreta INDUSTRIES Acids and dyes Toxic metals Agricultural Wastes Synthetic and chemical based fertilisers and pesticides
POLLUTANTSOURCE/CAUSE EFFECT Sewage that includes domestic wastes, hospital wastes, excreta, etc. Sewage of rural and urban areas. Oxygen depletion Spread of diseases/ epidemics Metals-MercuryIndustrial WastesMinamata disease (resulted from the contaminated waters of the Minamata bay in Japan in 1953) - causes numbness of limbs, lips and tongue, blurred vision, deafness and mental derangement. LeadIndustrial WastesAbsorbed into blood and affects PBCs, liver, kidney, bone, brain and the penpheral nervous system. Lead poisoning can even lead to coma. CadmiumCadmium, industries, fertilisers Deposited in organs like the kidney, pancreas, liver, intestinal mucosa, etc. Cadmium poisoning causes headache, vomiting, bronchial pneumonia, kidney necrosis, etc. Chemical pollutants abatement scheme okayed for Ganga
Death of the Ganga Agricultural Wastes Industries Sewage Industries Oil refineries Tanneries Pharmaceutical
GANGA KOSIDHELLABAHELLA Ganges is a major site for river rafting
TDS - Total dissolved solids DO - Dissolved Oxygen
KOSI Water quality is colorless Meets prescribed standard of DO BAHELLA Falls short of the required DO Exceeds permitted amount of color in the water DHELLA Falls short of the required amount of DO Exceeds permitted amount of color in the water