Presentation on theme: "AMERICAS IN THE 1800S DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE NORTH AND SOUTH."— Presentation transcript:
AMERICAS IN THE 1800S DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE NORTH AND SOUTH
WHAT HAPPENED BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION AND THE 1800S? Lots of War! The French and Indian War, The Mexican- American War, War of 1812 It was all about who was going to control what piece of land. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qrjg9ulR-xo https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qrjg9ulR-xo
DEFORESTATION the clearing away of forests
AGRARIAN a person who favors an agricultural way of life and government policies that support agricultural interests
PLANTATION a large area of privately owned land where crops were grown through the labor of workers who lived on the land
COTTON GIN a hand-operated machine that cleans seeds and other unwanted material from cotton
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION dramatic change in economies and cultures brought about by the use of machines to do work formerly done by hand
INDUSTRIALIST a person whose wealth comes from the ownership of industrial businesses and who favors government policies that support industry.
IMMIGRANT a person who moves from one country to another. Such a movement is called immigration.
ECONOMY OF THE SOUTH By the 1790s, there was more small land farmers than large land owners. This means that slaves were very important. People owned very few slaves. In fact, many times they let free because they cost money to upkeep them. Cotton was very hard to clean so there was not many farmers growing it. The economy of the South was based on AGARIANS.
INDUSTRIALIZATION CAUSES MAJOR CHANGES IN 1793, Eli Whitney invented the COTTON GIN. This allowed one slave to clean as much cotton as 50 slaves in one day! By 1860, cotton earned more money than all other exported goods combined. As planters grew more cotton and increased their land holdings, slaves became very important. By 1850, there was 3 million slaves in the South.
WHY NO FACTORIES? Slavery made so much money, that very few people wanted a factory. One very successful factory made bullets and guns for the army. This was also run using slave labor.
ECONOMY OF THE NORTH The INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION increased work in the North One of the first INDUSTRIALISTS, was Francis Cabot Lowell, who created the first large scale textile mill. These new INNOVATIONS caused labor to shift from skilled workers to machines. These new workers were called ‘wage slaves’ by people from the south.
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND FARMING New machines increased the rate at which agricultural goods could be produced.
PLANTATION LIFE https://archive.org/details/Plantati1950 https://archive.org/details/Plantati1950 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kujcDg0cXOM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kujcDg0cXOM