Presentation on theme: "Industrial Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1Industrial Revolution By TJ Roberts & Colin Drotar
2Facts About Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was a rapid period of growth.Manufacturing methods did not produce enough goods to meet everyone's needs.It was first formulated by British Historian Arnold Toynbee.America went from working in homes and farms to water power, then to steam powerThe first big breakthrough was from water power and it was textiles.Also, agricultures and roads improved and populations grew.
4Works CitedMartello, Robert. "Industrial Revolution." Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics. Ed. Carl Mitcham. Vol. 2. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 23 Apr. 2012
5For Garment and Textile Workers Labor UnionsFor Garment and Textile Workers
6How it startedSara G Bagley, founded Lowel Female Labor Reform Association in 1844.Sara Bags was the first women to hold a high ranking in America labor movement.The associations had two main goals to influence and investigation of working conditions by Mass. State legislature and to obtain a ten hour working day.This was all for garment and textile workers.Union supported the ten hour working campaign.
7Working ConditionsMen and women often worked 12/14 hours per day 6 days a week.working conditions were know to be terrible and were dangerous.Mill workers got very little pay for what they did.
8SuccessesPresident Martin Van Buren had granted a ten hour workday in 1940.New Hampshire, Ohio Pennsylvania passed ten hour workday laws.For factory workers in other states long hours remained common.Union supporters continued to fight for work reforms such as, an end to child labor in the factories in the 1800s.
9Eli Whitney & Interchangeable Parts Erik Irvin & Troy Pearlman
10Eli Whitney In 1798 addressed some tool problems Gave officials a proposal for mass-production of guns by using water powered machineryMade water powered machinesAlso came up with the idea of interchangeable parts
11Interchangeable Parts Parts of a machine that are identicalUsing these interchangeable parts made machines easier to repair and replace broken partsWhitney promised to build 10,000 muskets in 2 years with the machinesHe got money to build his own factory in 1801
12Influence Whitney proved the British technology could be improved Mass-production became the efficient production of large numbers of identical goods
13By: Wesley Olsen, and Taylor Goldberg SteamboatsBy: Wesley Olsen, and Taylor Goldberg
14The BeginningIn 1803 Robert Fulton tested the first steamboat in France, several years later he tested the first full sized steamboat. It was called the Clermont.The steamboat could move upriver easily and did not rely on wind power which meant they could carried more goods and people with additional efficiencyThey burned coal to fuel the engine.
15improvementsHenry shreve created a steamboat with an engine on the upper deck allowing the boat to draw in less water and navigate easier and saferIn 1824 the court reinforced the federal governments authority to regulate the river/water control over states ending monopolies
16The FutureThe steam boat made a big step for us InTechnology and economy which keeps us moving forward. Steamboats has allowed us to be able to make improvements and better means of transportations
17Project By: Tyler Kaplan, Shawn Scaffa The Cotton GinProject By: Tyler Kaplan,Shawn ScaffaWork Cited"Cotton Gin." U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker and Sarah Hermsen. Vol. 2. Detroit: UXL, Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 23 Apr
18Eli Whitney Eli Whitney: inventor of Cotton Gin Revolutionized cotton productionIncreased speed of productionPowered by Water MillsWanted to keep secret
19Cotton Gin Extracted Seeds Processed Cotton into string Produced more cotton than 20 slavesReduced Jobs
21Pros & Cons Pros Cons Cleans 50 lbs of cotton per day Uses Water Mill PowerCan work all day without stoppingReduces JobsCollects seeds from cotton automaticallyProlonged SlaveryComprised 2/3 of all American exportsCotton Gin needs high maintenance without Water Mill
22GAME Who was the inventor of the cotton gin? Eli Whitney Mike Wisousky Brian ChoiGod Zilla
26By: Kristin Kroh and Jackie Salantri Cotton GinBy: Kristin Kroh and Jackie Salantri
27The Cotton Gin was invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. The Cotton Gin is a machine that removes seeds from short staple cotton.It use’s a hand crank cylinder with wired teeth, that separates the seeds and cotton fibers.Person = 1 pound/dayCotton Gin= 50 pound/day
28Eli Whitney was not the first person to invent the cotton gin machine. The downside to the cotton gin was the effect it had on slavery. The more the cotton gins the more demand of slaves and workers.Another downside, waspeople began to copy hisidea of the cotton gin,selling it around theworld.
30Works Cited"Cotton Gin." U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker and Sarah Hermsen. Vol. 2. Detroit: UXL, Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 23 Apr
31Anti Immigration Movements By Dr. Seuss(AKA Aftyn Andersn and Andréa Bauer)
32Long ago in a land far away immigrants went to the Midwest to live out their days They went to get farms and to become laborers, many Americans did not like their new culturesAmericans were protestants before Catholics came, native born Americans felt they weren’t the same
33The Know-Nothing party, a political group, treated the immigrants like they were poop The Know Nothing politicians made difficult laws to prevent foreigner to be citizens to do what they wantThey had to live in here for 21 years to become citizens but the know-nothings fell apart due to slavery disagreements
34Anti Immigration Movements By Dr. Seuss(AKA Aftyn Andersn and Andréa Bauer)This has been written in poetry form
35Long ago in a land far away, immigrants went to the Midwest to live out their daysThey went to get farms and to become laborers,many Americans did not like their new culturesAmericans were protestants before Catholics came,native born Americans felt they weren’t the same
36The Know-Nothing party, a political group, treated the immigrants like they were poopThe Know Nothing politicians made difficult lawsto prevent foreigner to be citizens to do what they wantThey had to live in here for 21 years to become citizensbut the know-nothings fell apart due to slavery disagreements
37We USED THIS!!!!dow?displayGroupName=Reference&disableHighlighting=false&prodId=UHIC&a ction=e&windowstate=normal&catId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX & mode=view
38Jenny Salvatore Kelly Viola Temperance ActJenny SalvatoreKelly Viola
39Temperance ActThe temperance movement was marked by an undercurrent of ethnic and religious hostility.Some of the first advocates were people of Anglo-Saxon heritage who associated alcohol with the growing number of Catholic immigrants from Ireland and the European continent.Supposedly, the Catholics were loud and boisterous as a result of too much drinking.According to these activists, the consumption of alcohol was responsible for many personal and societal problems, including unemployment, absenteeism in the workplace, and physical violence.
40Temperance actCongress enacted the Lever Act of 1917 (40 Stat. 276) to outlaw the use of grain in the manufacture of alcoholic beverages, and many state and local governments passed laws prohibiting the distribution and consumption of alcohol.The Temperance Movement began in the Nineteenth Century.It had an unprecedented agreement to reform the agitation.They accepted the consumption of alcoholic beverages. It was an attack of the ignited popular enthusiasm.This all took place in the United Sates.
41Women's GroupsGroups such as the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) and the Anti-Saloon League were at the forefront of the onslaught on alcohol.Members of these groups spoke publicly in favor of Prohibition and lobbied elected officials for laws banning the consumption of alcohol.Some of the more active members disrupted business at saloons and liquor stores
42Works cited"Temperance Movement." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. Ed. Shirelle Phelps and Jeffrey Lehman. 2nd ed. Vol. 9. Detroit: Gale, Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 23 Apr“Temperance Movement.” Encyclopedia of the United States in the Nineteenth Century. Ed. Paul Finkelman. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, Gale U.S. History in Context. Web. 20. Apr. 2012
43By: Kyle Sedia and Jimmy Ragnoli Dorothea DixPrisoner reformPrison ReformBy: Kyle Sedia and Jimmy Ragnoli
44Dorothea DixDorothea dix helped the mentally ill who we keep in prisons. The mentally ill were treated the same as the prisoners. When she found out that this was happing he talked to the state legislature. Then Massachusetts started to make facilities for the mentally ill so there were need where meet and there were living better. Children who did crimes were treated the same as adults. But soon they were put into housing units where they can get educated. Soon they tried to end pusiment all together and just use education to change there behavior
45The Underground Railroad NorthThe Underground RailroadBy: Dona LisciottoMadeleine Whitmore
46FactsUnderground railroad wasn’t even an underground railroad it was a network of people that agreed to help slavesLoosely organized groups begun to help slaves escape from South to North or CanadaTraveled on foot, small boats, and covered wagons they were even shipped in boxesThe escaped slaves were called packages of freight
47Facts The slaves had no guideposts but the stars Rest spots during the day were called “stations”, they were barns ,attics, or other places on property owned by abolitionists (station masters or someone who helped the slaves)Most famous and daring conductor of the Underground railroad was Harriet TubmanHarriet escaped slavery in 1849, she lead her whole family and 300 others out of slaveryIf you caught her you the reward would be $400,000
48PicturesHarriet Tubman was a "conductor" on the Underground Railroad. She made at least fifteen trips into the South to help runaway slaves travel north to find freedom.Map of Underground railroad routesSlaves who used the Underground Railroad
49Works Cited"Underground Railroad." U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker and Sarah Hermsen. Vol. 8. Detroit: UXL, Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 20 Apr"Harriet Tubman was a conductor on the Underground Railroad. She made at least fifteen trips into..." American Social Reform Movements Reference Library. Ed. Carol Brennan, et al. Vol. 2: Almanac. Detroit: UXL, Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 23 Apr"Slaves who used the Underground Railroad." U*X*L Multicultural: A Comprehensive Resource on African Americans, Hispanic Americans and Native North Americans. Detroit: U*X*L, Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 23 Apr"Map of The Routes of the Underground Railroad." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Ed. Thomas Carson and Mary Bonk. Detroit: Gale, Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 23 Apr
50SENECA FALLS CONVENTION By: Julia Littman and Gigi Pagano
51Before the conventionIn the nineteenth century, women could not vote, hold office, sit on juries, and were barred to speak in public. Elizabeth Cady Stanton went to the World’s Anti-Slavery Convention in London and realized she wasn’t allowed to participate. Women had to sit behind a curtain.
52How it startedLucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton started a society to advance the rights of women. The first public meeting about women rights was held in the United States.
53Declaration of Sentiments Declaration of Sentiments, was detailed beliefs about social injustice toward women. The DOI was the basis for the language of DOS. They was 18 charges against men and 100 people signed the DOS.
54Uncle Tom’s CabinBy: Kyle Whatley and Sam Steele
55What was Uncle Tom’s cabin? Surprisingly it is not a cabin and happens to be a book.It was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe and published in 1852.The book spoke out against slavery and was geared towards educating the north about why slavery was wrong.In the book, a young African American man named Tom was taken from his wife and sold to a cruel man named Simon Legree in Louisiana.In a fit of anger, Simon has Tom beaten to death.This book sold 2 million copies and outraged the NorthStowe’s book is still read today to learn about the harsh realities of slavery.
56WHO WAS HARRIET BEECHER STOWE? Harriet was the daughter of the Connecticut minister, Lyman Beecher.She met some fugitive slaves after moving to Ohio at the age of 21.From them she learned how mistreated and harshly slaves are treated and was outraged by the Fugitive Slave Act.Because of her meeting with the slaves, she decided to right her book, Uncle Tom’s Cabin.When Stowe met with President Lincoln, a year into the Civil War, he remarked “So this is the little lady who brought on this big war”
57Work's citedLesinski, Jeanne M. "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Gale Library of Daily Life: Slavery in America. Ed. Orville Vernon Burton. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 23 Apr. 2012
58Uncle Tom’s Cabin Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. The book is about anti-slavery.Harriet Beecher Stow met fugitive slaves and learned about cruelties of slaveryShe wrote a book to educate Northerns about slavery.Daughter of a Connecticut Minister named Lyman BeecherHad seven children, which one of them died
59Uncle Tom’s Cabin Met with Abraham Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln said “So this is the little woman that bought on this big war.”More than 2 million copies soldWas a best seller in the United States.The book was also sold in Europe.Main character was an African American named TomTom was taken from his wife and was beaten to death by Simon Legree.The book contributed to the cause of the civil war.Many Southerners called it faulty.
60Lesinski, Jeanne M. "Uncle Tom's Cabin Lesinski, Jeanne M. "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Gale Library of Daily Life: Slavery in America. Ed. Orville Vernon Burton. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 20 Apr"Topsy from Uncle Tom's Cabin." The Civil War. Web. 23 Apr <http://www.sonofthesouth.net/slavery/african-american-art/uncle-tom-cabin-topsy.htm>.
61Anti Immigration Movements Aftyn Anderson and Andrea Bauer
62immigrants went to the Midwest to find work in America Many immigrants wanted to start farms and to become laborers because land was fairly easy to gainmany Americans did not like their new culturesAmericans were protestants before Catholic immigrants came to Americanative born Americans felt they weren’t equals
63The Know-Nothing party was a political group that didn’t want immigrants to become citizens The Know Nothing politicians made difficult lawsto prevent foreigner to become citizens.One of the laws required immigrants live in America for 21 years to become citizensthe know-nothing party fell apart later due to slavery disagreements
64We USED THIS!!!!dow?displayGroupName=Reference&disableHighlighting=false&prodId=UHIC&a ction=e&windowstate=normal&catId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX & mode=view