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G1200687-v1Advanced LIGO1 Status of Ground-Based Gravitational-wave Interferometers July 11, 2012 Daniel Sigg LIGO Hanford Observatory Astrod 5, Bangalore,

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Presentation on theme: "G1200687-v1Advanced LIGO1 Status of Ground-Based Gravitational-wave Interferometers July 11, 2012 Daniel Sigg LIGO Hanford Observatory Astrod 5, Bangalore,"— Presentation transcript:

1 G v1Advanced LIGO1 Status of Ground-Based Gravitational-wave Interferometers July 11, 2012 Daniel Sigg LIGO Hanford Observatory Astrod 5, Bangalore, India

2 G v1Advanced LIGO2 Abstract We present the status of ground based gravitational wave detectors. All observatories are currently in the process of installing second generation instruments with the intend to introduce the era of detection. The regular observations of sources will require a worldwide network of detectors for reliably localizing the sky position. The LIGO project and the implications of LIGO-Indigo will be discussed in detail.

3 G v1Advanced LIGO3 Gravitational Waves Hz10 -4 Hz10 0 Hz10 3 Hz Relic radiation Cosmic Strings Supermassive BH Binaries BH and NS Binaries Binaries coalescences Extreme Mass Ratio Inspirals Supernovae Spinning NS Hz Inflation Probe Pulsar timing Space detectorsGround interferometers

4 G v1Advanced LIGO4 Gravitational Wave Signal and Fundamental Noise Sources Quantum Noise  Shot Noise  Radiation Pressure Noise Laser Noise  Frequency Noise  Intensity Noise Thermal Noise  Test masses  Suspensions  Coatings Vibrational Noise  Ground motion  Acoustic

5 G v1Advanced LIGO5 Sensitivity Sixth Science Run

6 G v1Advanced LIGO6 Results from Initial Detectors: Some highlights from LIGO and Virgo Several ~year long science data runs by LIGO and Virgo Since 2007 all data analyzed jointly  Limits on GW emission from known msec pulsars  Crab pulsar emitting less than 2% of available spin-down energy in gravitational waves  Limits on compact binary (NS-NS, NS-BH, BH-BH) coalescence rates in our local neighborhood (~20 Mpc)  Limits on stochastic background in 100 Hz range  Limit beats the limit derived from Big Bang nucleosynthesis Virgo

7 G v1Advanced LIGO7 Standard quantum limit Initial LIGO Advanced LIGO Sensitivity Radiation pressure noise Shot noise

8 G v1Advanced LIGO8 The Advanced LIGO Detector Laser Laser: 200W nm Input mode cleaner: stabilizes frequency and cleans laser mode Arm cavities: Fabry-Perrot cavities store light to effectively increase length Homodyne Readout Signal recycling mirror: amplifies readout signalInputTestMassEndTestMass 4 km 800kW 800kW Power recycling mirror: reflects light back coming from the beam splitter, increasing power in the arm cavities

9 G v1Advanced LIGO9 Advanced LIGO PSL  Designed and contributed by Albert Einstein Institute  Higher power: 10W -> 180W  Better stability  10x improvement in intensity and frequency stability

10 G v1Advanced LIGO10 Advanced LIGO Seismic Isolation  Two-stage six-degree-of-freedom active isolation  Low noise sensors, low noise actuators,  Digital control system to blend outputs of multiple sensors, tailor loop for maximum performance

11 G v1Advanced LIGO11 Advanced LIGO Suspensions  UK designed and contributed test mass suspensions  Silicate bonds create quasi- monolithic pendulums using ultra-low loss fused silica fibers to suspend interferometer optics  Pendulum Q ~10 5 -> ~10 8  Electrostatic actuators for alignment and length control

12 G v1Advanced LIGO12 Advanced LIGO Mirrors  Larger size  11 kg -> 40 kg  Smaller figure error  0.7 nm -> 0.35 nm  Lower absorption  2 ppm -> 0.5 ppm  Lower coating thermal noise

13 G v1Advanced LIGO13 Current Progress Install PSL/ IO table InstallIMCInstall Rec’ld vertex MICH Full interferometer L1 Full Interferometer Squeeze Test H1 July 2014 Install PSL/ IO table InstallIMCInstall Rec’ld vertex MICH Install H2 Single arm cavity DE- Install Store H2 for India You Are Here

14 G v1Advanced LIGO14 Global Network LIGO GEO Virgo LIGO-India KAGRA

15 G v1Advanced LIGO15 VIRGO  Virgo  European collaboration, located near Pisa  Single 3 km interferometer, similar to LIGO in design and specification  Advanced seismic isolation system (“Super-attenuator”)  Advanced Virgo  Similar in scope and schedule to Advanced LIGO  Joint observations with LIGO since May 2007

16 G v1Advanced LIGO16 GEO  GEO Collaboration  GEO as a whole is a member of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration  GEO making a capital contribution to Advanced LIGO  GEO600  Near Hannover  600 m arms  Signal recycling  Fused silica suspensions  GEO-HF  Up-grade underway  Pioneer advanced optical techniques

17 G v1Advanced LIGO17 KAGRA  Project approved July 2010  Lead institution: Institute for Cosmic Ray Research  Other participants include University of Tokyo, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, KEK, …  Key Design Parameters  Underground  Sapphire test masses cooled to <20K  150W Nd:YAG laser  Five stage low frequency (soft) suspension  Promises sensitivity similar to Advanced LIGO

18 G v1Advanced LIGO18 LIGO-India Concept  A direct partnership between LIGO Laboratory and IndIGO collaboration to build an Indian interferometer  LIGO Lab (with its UK, German and Australian partners) provides components for one Advanced LIGO interferometer from the Advanced LIGO project  India provides the infrastructure (site, roads, building, vacuum system), “shipping & handling,” staff, installation & commissioning, operating costs  LIGO-India would be operated as part of LIGO network to maximize scientific impact  Awaiting formal approval by the Governments

19 G v1Advanced LIGO19 Why a Global Network?  Source Localization  Sky position is determined by triangulation from the arrival times  Polarization  Requires a three dimensional array  Worldwide coincidence greatly increases confidence Sky position and polarization measurement are required to extract maximum science!

20 G v1Advanced LIGO20 LIGO-Virgo Network

21 G v1Advanced LIGO21 India-LIGO-Virgo Network

22 G v1Advanced LIGO22 Final Thoughts  We are on the threshold of a new era of gravitational wave astrophysics  First generation detectors have broken new ground in optical sensitivity  Initial detectors have proven technique  Second generation detectors are being installed  Will expand the “Science” (astrophysics) by factor of 1000  In the next decade, emphasis will be on the network  Groundwork has been laid for operation as a worldwide network  India could play a key role

23 G v1Advanced LIGO23


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