Presentation on theme: "How do the following products show design?"— Presentation transcript:
1 How do the following products show design? When designing a product several issues must be taken into consideration to ensure the product works successfully.For example:SizeWeightMaterialHow do the following products show design?
13 Aim To able to identify how nature shows evidence of a design. To relate the concept of a designer to the argument for God
14 Design ArgumentThe argument from design finds its origins in Aquinas’ Summa Theologica and is the fifth of his five ways of proving the existence of God.
15 Aquinas argued from design qua regularity Aquinas argued from design qua regularity. He saw the overall order in the world as proof of a designer: ‘this being we call God.’Aquinas stated that everything works together to achieve order, despite the fact that inanimate objects have no mind or rational powers to achieve this.
16 Aquinas explained his point by using the example of an arrow, saying that for an arrow to reach its destination it must be directed first of all by the archer. In the same way, ‘natural bodies’ seem to act in a regular fashion to reach a specific purpose. As they, like the arrow, are not able to direct themselves, there must be a God doing the directing.
17 Arguments for the Existence of God These types of argument are often called ‘Teleological’ arguments. They basically works like this:1. To design something takes intelligence and thought.2. The universe appears to have been designed.3. Therefore, a being with intelligence and thought must have designed the universe.4. Only God could design something as complex as the universe.5. Therefore, God must exist.The philosopher, William Paley, used the idea of design to try and prove the existence of God.
18 William Paley ( ) then took this further when he formed his own version of the teleological argument in his book Natural Theology (1802).Paley uses the analogy of the watchmaker to explain his argument. He asks you to imagine a man walking across a heath. The man comes across a stone and a pocket watch and analyses both. His inspection of the stone leads him to conclude that it could have been there forever; there is nothing about the stone that leads the man to believe it lies on the heath for a particular reason.
19 It must have had a ‘DESIGNER’. Paley’s watchWalking through the hills you come across a watch.You notice how complex it is. It could not have happened by chance/accident.It must have had a ‘DESIGNER’.
20 The universe is far more complicated than a watch The universe is far more complicated than a watch. If a watch has a designer then surely the universe has.The only thing powerful enough to make the universe is God…SO… God must exist.Watch the following video clip that explains Paley’s watch in more detail
21 I am too complicated to be an accident, someone has designed me.
22 I am too complicated to be an accident, someone has designed me.
23 Just think for a moment how amazing the human eye is. The eye: Automatically adjusts to see in the darkCan see underwaterKeeps a still, steady picture when your head movesCleans itself of dust with tearsCan reveal your emotionsCan repair itself to a certain extentCan work well for about 95 years
24 Design: When things show evidence of being planned for a purpose. The Design ArgumentDesign: When things show evidence of being planned for a purpose.Q. How does a camera show design?Q. What was the inspiration for the first camera?
25 Q. How do these items show design? Your heartkeeps yougoing with100,000 beatsevery day,365 days ayear, for life.Your brain is 4000 times more powerful than the largest supercomputerA ComputerA BatteryThe humanbody worksin completeharmonywith itselfwithout anyneed ofconsciousinstruction from you.Yourcentralnervoussystemcan sendmillions ofmessagesto anywhere in your body, instantly.A PocketWatchTheWorldWideWebQ. Why are they not better than the human body?
28 Make notes: William Paley ( ) Paley put forward the watch analogy to explain his design argument. Finding a stone would not puzzle us and we would know it to be a natural occurrence. However, if we found a watch we would be puzzled. It is composed of finely adjusted parts. Its interaction serves a purpose = TO TELL THE TIME. If things have order and purpose they usually point to an intelligent designer. We can recognise elements of the watch argument in nature. Therefore, if we argue that: Watch = watchmaker > both intelligent designs(ers). World =World maker The degree of creation are different but the same principle can be applied.
29 Paley’s Watch Analogy 2This argument is an analogy – comparing one thing with something similar, so the second half of Paley’s argument compares the watch with the universe.Similarly, if you look at the world we live in you will see how complex it also is.You could examine it and see that it has very complex systems – weather, gravity, etc. It also has so many complex organisms living on it, perfectly suited to their environments.You would conclude that such complexity and harmony could not have just appeared randomly, but that it must have been designed somehow (like the watch was).You might also conclude that everything seems to be working together to a similar end.Therefore, you could finally conclude that there had to be an intelligent ‘world-maker’ who designed this universe and all of life with a purpose in mind.This ‘world-maker’ must be God, as God is the only being out-with the universe, and is the only intelligent, powerful and loving creator.
30 Humans, God, designed, world, evolution, dinosaurs, apes, amazing. How the world began.Things I find amazing in the world are ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Christians believe that the world is too a_ _ _ _ _ _ to be an accident, someone must have _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ it. Christians believe that G _ _ designed the world.Scientists believe that the w _ _ _ _ has become amazing because it has developed over millions of years, they call this e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. At first there were simple fish and insects which became d _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ and then a _ _ _ and then h _ _ _ _ _.Humans, God, designed, world, evolution, dinosaurs, apes, amazing.I think ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________I think this because_______________________________________________________________I disagree with _______________because ____________________________________________