Presentation on theme: "Understanding Mental Illness for Teens Getting Rid of the Stigma Created by Portage County NAMI (National Alliance of Mental Illness) Family to Family."— Presentation transcript:
Understanding Mental Illness for Teens Getting Rid of the Stigma Created by Portage County NAMI (National Alliance of Mental Illness) Family to Family Class of Spring 2012
Understanding Mental Illness Mental illness is like any other kind of illness - something in our body or brain isn’t working correctly.
One in five people worldwide have a mental or neurological disorder at some point in their lives. One in five people worldwide have a mental or neurological disorder at some point in their lives.
450 million people currently suffer from mental illness placing mental illness among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide. 450 million people currently suffer from mental illness placing mental illness among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide.
Treatment works, but nearly two-thirds of people with a known mental illness never seek help from a health professional. Treatment works, but nearly two-thirds of people with a known mental illness never seek help from a health professional.
“Stigma assumes many forms, both subtle and overt. It appears as prejudice and discrimination, fear, distrust, and stereotyping. It prompts many people to avoid working, socializing, and living with people who have a mental disorder. “Stigma assumes many forms, both subtle and overt. It appears as prejudice and discrimination, fear, distrust, and stereotyping. It prompts many people to avoid working, socializing, and living with people who have a mental disorder.
Stigma impedes people from seeking help for fear the confidentiality of their diagnosis or treatment will be breached. Stigma impedes people from seeking help for fear the confidentiality of their diagnosis or treatment will be breached.
For our Nation to reduce the burden of mental illness, to improve access to care, and to achieve urgently needed knowledge about the brain, mind and behavior, STIGMA must no longer be tolerated" For our Nation to reduce the burden of mental illness, to improve access to care, and to achieve urgently needed knowledge about the brain, mind and behavior, STIGMA must no longer be tolerated" (U.S. Surgeon General’s Report on Mental Health, 1999).
Human Diseases Diseases of the Brain Alzheimer's Disease Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), "Lou Gehrig's Disease Bipolar disorder Cancer Cerebral Palsy Depression Epilepsy Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Panic Attacks Parkinson’s Disease Schizophrenia Diseases of the Body Allergies Arthritis Asthma Cancer Diabetes Heart Disease High Blood Pressure Kidney Disease (nephritis) Malaria Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Pneumonia
Diabetes Diabetes, a common disease suffered by millions of people, reveals itself by changes in bodily functions or senses. Diabetes creates changes in the body acting as indications of the disease. Thirsty Frequent Urination Blurred Vision Tingling or numbness in hands or feet Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal Light headed or tired
Chicken Pox Chicken Pox, a common disease suffered by millions of people, reveals itself by visible changes on the surface of the skin. Bruising of skin without injury Skin infection Itchy rash Red spots and blisters on skin
Cancer Cancer, a common disease suffered by millions of people, reveals itself by both physical and sensual indicators. A sore that won’t heal Unusual bleeding or discharge anywhere Obvious change in a mole or wart Indigestion or trouble swallowing Nagging cough persisting for six weeks
Mental Illness Mental illness, a common disease suffered by millions of people, reveals itself by changes in behavior. Panic or fear Extremely happy or depressed Irritability Exhausted Paranoid Seeking seclusion Frequent Mood Swings Confused thinking
Sometimes Teenagers and Adults Ridicule Others for Being Different If you’re overweight, then you’re a lard-o If you’re overweight, then you’re a lard-o If you’re too thin, then you’re a bean pole. If you’re too thin, then you’re a bean pole. If you’re an athlete, then you’re also stupid and get poor grades If you’re an athlete, then you’re also stupid and get poor grades If you’re super intelligent, then you’re a geek and will never be popular If you’re super intelligent, then you’re a geek and will never be popular If you have a mental illness, then you’re crazy or a space cadet If you have a mental illness, then you’re crazy or a space cadet
The stigma of mental illness affects children and adults at work, at school, in families, and with peer interactions. Mental illness – be proud – tear down the stigma
Over 50% of people with lifetime mental illness discover they have the disease by or shortly after age 14. Hospitals are currently increasing with bipolar patients between the ages of 15 and 24 years. You may have a mental illness. It just hasn’t hit you yet! It’s time to learn, understand and develop a compassion for those with mental illness.
Over 20% of the population will experience mental illness in their lifetime. In the United States, that’s over 63 million people!
In the United States, the leading cause of death for college students is traffic accidents. The second leading cause of death for college students is…
In the United States, twice as many people die from suicide as from murder. Source: cdc.gov
In the Vietnam War, about 55,000 American soldiers lost their lives in battle. Another 55,000 committed suicide after they returned home. Their average age was 19!
People with mental illness are usually intelligent, talented, and inspiring people. They are actors, artists, business managers, musicians, astronauts, pilots, scientists, teachers, athletes, government leaders, doctors, authors, composers, and anything you might want to be!
Having a mental illness is no different than having another type of illness. There are millions of people with mental illness all around us. They are family members, friends, teachers, employers – anyone! Many of them are your heroes and mentors. Mental Illness in Schools
A True Genius in Our Century Was Albert Einstein He suffered from dyslexia and OCD
Albert Einstein His teachers described him as: Mentally slow, unsociable and adrift in foolish dreams He failed mathematics in the 6 th grade. In today’s Culture: Einstein might have been labeled “Learning Disabled.” Teachers and guidance counselors might have called him disruptive and “unable to stay on task.” He might have been prescribed the drug Ritalin so he could become “a better citizen and student.”
Let’s take a closer look at some types of mental illness so we understand them better.
I am now going to introduce you to some of your heroes, some of the people you greatly admire, some of the people you might want to be like, some of your mentors. In case you are interested, they are all mentally ill!
Depression Constant sad or irritable mood Major changes in sleep, appetite, or energy Difficulty concentrating, thinking, and remembering Feelings of guilt, emptiness, unimportance, and hopelessness. Lack of interest in activities that were once enjoyed Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide Source: NAMI.org
Drew Carrey Actor Depression, Attempted Suicide
Abraham Lincoln President United States Severe and Debilitating Depressions
Ernest Hemingway Pulitzer-Prize winning novelists Depression Committed suicide at 61
Anxiety disorders cause people to feel excessively frightened, distressed and uneasy during situations in which most others would not experience these symptoms. Anxiety disorders cause people to feel excessively frightened, distressed and uneasy during situations in which most others would not experience these symptoms.
Terry Bradshaw Quarterback Won 4 Super Bowls Anxiety Attacks Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
He was once so depressed that he would go to bed crying He was calm on the football field, but after the game he would sweat heavily and dissolve into tears He used football games as an escape, but,,,”after the game I went to hell in a hand basket!” Source: Lisa Allison Active Minds www.activeminds.org
Repeatedly bathing, showering, or washing hands Refusing to shake hands or touch doorknobs Repeatedly checking things such as locks or stoves Constant counting while performing routine tasks Constantly arranging things in a routine way Eating food in a specific order Hoarding items with no apparent value Repeating specific words, phrases, or prayers Being stuck on disturbing words, images, or thoughts that won’t go away. Source: webmd.com
Jennifer Love Hewitt Actor Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Jennifer cannot go to bed at night unless all the cupboard and closet doors are closed in her house. http://creaturafanzine.blogspot.com/2012/02/imperfecto.html
Donald Trump Business Man Real-estate Tycoon Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Cameron Diaz Actor / Model Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
She opens doors with her elbows attempting not to get germs Sometimes she cleans doorknobs so strongly that the paint fades She meticulously scrubs her home She washes her hands many times per day Source: Lisa Allison Active Minds www.activeminds.org
Leonardo DiCaprio Actor Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
He has to force himself not to step on every chewing gum stain on the sidewalk He fights the urge to walk through doorways several times He sometimes retraces his footsteps avoiding cracks in the sidewalk Source: Lisa Allison Active Minds www.activeminds.org
Harrison Ford Actor Depression Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Jessica Alba Actor Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
One of Our Most Popular Entertainers is Justin Timerlake Justin is a very talented songwriter, singer, actor, and record producer. He is loved and admired and envied by millions. He is mentally ill. He has obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Justin has to make sure that things are lined up perfectly and that only certain foods are allowed in his refrigerator.
Schizophrenia A chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that affects about 1% of the population over 18 years of age Hearing voices others don’t hear Belief that others are broadcasting their thoughts to the world Belief that others are plotting to harm them Catatonic isolation
Fail to pay close attention to details or make careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities Are easily distracted Appear not to listen when spoken to directly Do not follow through on instructions, fail to finish chores, schoolwork, or duties in the workplace
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Are forgetful in daily activities Fidget with their hands or feet or squirm in their seat Leave their seat in situations in which remaining seated is expected Are “on the go” or act as if driven by other forces Talk excessively Interrupt others
He shaves his head to feel cleaner Instead of shaking hands with someone, he bumps fists in order to avoid germs His mind races with unwanted and uncontrolled thoughts even when performing and even on medication “If I didn’t take my meds, I wouldn’t be here,” he says. “I’d be locked in a room someplace.” Source:
Jim Carrey Actor Depression, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Show extreme shifts in mood, energy, and functioning Alternate between the good mood (mania) and the sad mood (depression)
Mania Phase of Bipolar Happy or angry mood Increased physical and mental activity and energy Racing thoughts and flight of ideas Increased talking with more rapid speech than normal Ambitious, grandiose plans Risk taking Impulsive activity such as spending sprees, sexual indiscretion, and alcohol abuse Decreased sleep without experiencing fatigue
Depression Phase of Bipolar Loss of energy Prolonged sadness Decreased activity and energy Restlessness and irritability Inability to concentrate or make decisions Increased feelings or worry Less interest in participating in activities normally enjoyed Feeling anxious or worried Feelings of guilt and hopelessness Change in appetite and sleeping patterns
Winston Churchill Prime Minster of Great Brittan during World War II Bipolar
Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment Recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures or threats, or self-mutilating behavior Identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self Chronic feelings of emptiness
Identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation Inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger (e.g., frequent displays of temper, constant anger, recurrent physical fights) Impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (e.g., spending, sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge eating) Borderline Personality Disorder
Approximately 75% of people with BPD injure themselves. 10% commit suicide. Deliberate self harming (cutting, burning, hitting, head banging, hair pulling) is a common feature of BPD Individuals who self harm report that causing themselves physical pain generates a sense of release and relief which temporarily alleviates excruciating emotional feelings.
Elton John Elton John – Singer / Songwriter -- Depression Margot Kidder Margot Kidder – Actor -- Bipolar Stonewall Jackson Howard Hughes Stonewall Jackson – Army General -- OCD Howard Hughes – Aviator / Film Producer -- OCD Eric Clapton Dick Clark Charles Dickens Steven Hawking Eric Clapton - (Rock N’ Roll Hall of Fame) -- Depression Dick Clark – TV Personality -- Depression Charles Dickens – Writer -- Depression Steven Hawking – Physicists -- Depression Anthony Hopkins Bruce Jenner Anthony Hopkins – Actor -- Depression Bruce Jenner – Olympic Decathlon Winner -- OCD Vincent Van Gogh Vincent Van Gogh – Artist -- Bipolar Marilyn Monroe Marilyn Monroe – Actor -- Depression Want some more??
Edgar Allen Poe Cole Porter Joan Rivers Howard Stern Mike Tyson Justin Timberlake Leo Tolstoy Billy Bob Thornton Ted Turner Ludwig Van Beethoven Mike Wallace Edgar Allen Poe – Writer – Bipolar Cole Porter – Musician -- Depression Joan Rivers – TV Actress -- Depression Howard Stern – TV Personality -- OCD Mike Tyson – Boxer -- Bipolar, Chronic Depression Justin Timberlake – Singer -- OCD ADD Leo Tolstoy – Author -- Depression Billy Bob Thornton – Actor / Director -- OCD Ted Turner – Founder of CNN -- Bipolar Ludwig Van Beethoven – Composer -- Bipolar Mike Wallace – 60 Minutes -- Depression The list goes on…
In the United States, one in six adults have mental illness. That’s about 33 million people. It’s time to care. It’s time to help. It’s time to get involved and end the stigma. In the United States, one in six adults have mental illness. That’s about 33 million people. It’s time to care. It’s time to help. It’s time to get involved and end the stigma.
10 Common Myths About Mental Illness "These misconceptions can do irreparable harm to people with legitimate illnesses who should and can be treated," said Herbert Pardes, M.D., President of NARSAD's Scientific Council. PRN Newswire October 11, 2001 NARSAD (the National Alliance for Research in Schizophrenia and Depression)
Myth #1: Myth #1: Psychiatric disorders are not true medical illnesses like heart disease and diabetes. People who have a mental illness are just "crazy.“ Fact: Fact: Brain disorders, like heart disease and diabetes, are legitimate medical illnesses. Research shows there are genetic and biological causes for psychiatric disorders, and they can be treated effectively. NARSAD Research Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 4, Winter 2001/2002,
Myth #2: Fact: Myth #2: People with a severe mental illness, such as schizophrenia, are usually dangerous and violent. Fact: Statistics show that the incidence of violence in people who have a brain disorder is not much higher than it is in the general population. Those suffering from a psychosis such as schizophrenia are more often frightened, confused and despairing than violent. NARSAD Research Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 4, Winter 2001/2002
Myth #3: Myth #3: Mental illness is the result of bad parenting. Fact: Fact: Most experts agree that a genetic susceptibility, combined with other risk factors, leads to a psychiatric disorder. In other words, mental illnesses have a physical cause. NARSAD Research Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 4, Winter 2001/2002
Myth #4: Fact: Myth #4: Depression results from a personality weakness or character flaw, and people who are depressed could just snap out of it if they tried hard enough. Fact: Depression has nothing to do with being lazy or weak. It results from changes in brain chemistry or brain function, and medication and/or psychotherapy often help people to recover. NARSAD Research Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 4, Winter 2001/2002
Myth #5: Fact: Myth #5: Schizophrenia means split personality, and there is no way to control it. Fact: Schizophrenia is often confused with multiple personality disorder. Actually, schizophrenia is a brain disorder that robs people of their ability to think clearly and logically. The estimated 2.5 million Americans with schizophrenia have symptoms ranging from social withdrawal to hallucinations and delusions. Medication has helped many of these individuals to lead fulfilling, productive lives.
Myth #6: Fact: Myth #6: Depression is a normal part of the aging process. Fact: It is not normal for older adults to be depressed. Signs of depression in older people include a loss of interest in activities, sleep disturbances and lethargy. Depression in the elderly is often undiagnosed, and it is important for seniors and their family members to recognize the problem and seek professional help. NARSAD Research Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 4, Winter 2001/2002
Myth #7: Myth #7: Depression and other illnesses, such as anxiety disorders, do not affect children or adolescents. Any problems they have are just a part of growing up. Fact: Fact: Children and adolescents can develop severe mental illnesses. In the United States, one in ten children and adolescents has a mental disorder severe enough to cause impairment. However, only about 20 percent of these children receive needed treatment. Left untreated, these problems can get worse. Anyone talking about suicide should be taken very seriously. NARSAD Research Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 4, Winter 2001/2002
Myth #8: Myth #8: If you have a mental illness, you can will it away. Being treated for a psychiatric disorder means an individual has in some way "failed" or is weak. Fact: Fact: A serious mental illness cannot be willed away. Ignoring the problem does not make it go away, either. It takes courage to seek professional help. NARSAD Research Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 4, Winter 2001/2002
Myth #9: Myth #9: Addiction is a lifestyle choice and shows a lack of willpower. People with a substance abuse problem are morally weak or "bad". Fact: Fact: Addiction is a disease that generally results from changes in brain chemistry. It has nothing to do with being a "bad" person. NARSAD Research Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 4, Winter 2001/2002
Myth #10: Fact: Myth #10: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), formerly known as "shock treatment," is painful and barbaric. Fact: ECT has given a new lease on life to many people who suffer from severe and debilitating depression. It is used when other treatments such as psychotherapy or medication fail or cannot be used. Patients who receive ECT are asleep and under anesthesia, so they do not feel anything.
Four of the 10 leading causes of disability worldwide are mental disorders. Among developed nations, including the United States, major depression is the leading cause of disability. Also near the top of these rankings are manic- depressive illness, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. NARSAD Research Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 4, Winter 2001/2002
The Stigma and Bullying There are 6 types of bullying; all apply to mental illness! 1. Physical bullying (hitting, kicking, taking things or returning things damaged) 2. Verbal bullying (name-calling, taunting, insulting) 3. Emotional bullying (shunning, spreading nasty gossip) 4. Sexual bullying (unwanted physical contact or sexually abusive or inappropriate comments) 5. Racist bullying (racial slurs, offensive gestures, or making jokes about a child's cultural traditions) 6. Cyber bullying (spreading hurtful images and/or messages via email, chat rooms, etc.) Image URL: http://www.myoutofcontrolteen.com/images/Free... http://www.myoutofcontrolteen.com/images/Free... Go to Page: http://www.myoutofcontrolteen.com/mr-bully.ht...http://www.myoutofcontrolteen.com/mr-bully.ht...
Perth Now Powered by the Sunday Times May 3, 2012 There Are Many Forms of Bullying
What do we know about people who tease or belittle or demean others? We know they are: Afraid Afraid Ignorant Ignorant Insecure Insecure Suffering low self-esteem Suffering low self-esteem
What do we know about people who degrade others in order to build themselves up, to try and showoff to their peers or members of their click? What do we know about people who degrade others in order to build themselves up, to try and showoff to their peers or members of their click? We know they are: Immature Immature Childish Childish Insensitive Insensitive
What do we know about people who pick on others who are smaller, handicapped or disadvantaged? What do we know about people who pick on others who are smaller, handicapped or disadvantaged? We know they are: Bullies Bullies Cowards Cowards Weak Weak
Cyber-bullying Bullying others through texting, cell-phone pictures, email, facebook, or web-site posting is done only by the very weak.
Your friends with mental illness need your help, they need your understanding, your support and compassion. They do not need your ridicule or your inability to understand. Your friends with mental illness need your help, they need your understanding, your support and compassion. They do not need your ridicule or your inability to understand.
My mind races, but my body can’t catch up! Signs of Mental Illness Signs and Symptoms of Mental Disorders http://www.signsofmentalillness.net/signs-mental-illness-men/ http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2011/04/13/3189883. htm?site=adelaide
“You don’t make yourself bigger by putting other people down.” “You don’t make yourself bigger by putting other people down.” Barack Obama 25-September-2012