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YEASTBREADS – CC2
Ingredients in yeast breads and their function Flour – used for structure When mixed with liquid flour develops GLUTEN – bread flour has high protein content helps support structure
YEAST Leavens the bread, single celled structure, when fed yeast gives of carbon dioxide gas and ethyl alcohol to raise bread
SUGAR Feeds the yeast, sweetens the dough, too much and yeast works slower
SALT Regulates the action of the yeast Without salt yeast is sticky and hard to handle
LIQUID Rehydrates yeast granules, helps form structure with flour Milk can be used which would add nutrients
Shortening, butter or margarine Increases tenderness, makes the bread easier to chew
EGGS Adds flavor, richness, improves structure, adds color
Straight dough method of mixing dough
Step 1 – Dissolve the yeast in liquid Measure liquid and set to temperature of 110- 120 degrees F
Step 2 Add sugar and shortening (butter or margarine) If ingredients are too cold RISING ACTION WILL BE SLOWER
Step 3 – Add flour How can you tell you have added enough flour? WHEN DOUGH CLEANS THE SIDES OF THE BOWL OR IF WHEN KNEADED FORMS A TRIANGLE THAT STAYS WHEN PUSHED
Step 4 – knead the dough During mixing of the dough GLUTEN develops Too much flour and DOUGH WILL BE STIFF and DIFFICULT TO WORK WITH
Continued kneading What happens if you knead too rough or apply too much pressure DOUGH WILL BE STICKY AND HARD TO HANDLE TOO MUCH PRESSURE CAN TEAR THE GLUTEN STRUCTURE
Step 5 – Let the dough rise the first time This gives yeast time to ferment YEAST ACTS ON SUGARS TO FORM CARBON DIOXIDE AND ALCOHOL, THIS CAUSES BREAD TO RISE
Dough rises at warm room temp 80-85 degrees For class you will roll dough in 1 T. oil place in plastic bag leaving air space and allow to rise in refrigerator overnight
Step 5 continued How can you tell dough has doubled in volume after rising? INDENTATION REMAINS IN DOUGH WHEN YOU PUSH IT
What gas is given off as dough rises carbon dioxide and ethyl alcohol
Step 6 – Cut through dough and shape DO NOT PUNCH DOWN OR OVER MANIPULATE DOUGH THIS CAUSES DOUGH TO BECOME EXCITED AND SNAP BACK WHEN SHAPING
Step 7 – roll, shape dough on oiled surface DO NOT ADD MORE FLOUR
Force rising dough is placing dough, oiled and covered in a very warm environment, over oven or covered near oven vent
Step 8 - Bake What happens to gas cells during baking They expand and walls around cells become rigid dough will expand most during first stage of baking
Where do you place dough in oven to allow most even baking The center of the oven
How can you test a loaf of bread for doneness? Tap bread with finger, it will sound hollow
What does a high quality loaf of bread look like Large volume, smooth rounded top If dough is underworked or overworked it will have low volume
What happens if bread dough is allowed to rise too long before baking? Over expanded top, top of loaf may be shrunken, texture will be coarse with crumbs
What happens if bread does not rise enough? There will be large cracks on top, texture will be compact
Be sure to remove breads from pans after baking and move to cooling rack
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